Massey and Nancy A. Denton is an eye-opening book that throws light on the issues of poverty and seclusion among African Americans. Contrary to many illusions and simplistic assumptions about the economic backwardness of blacks in…
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The fact that the Civil War of the nineteenth century and the Civil Rights movement of the subsequent century have won minorities in America many fundamental rights has not greatly contributed to their prosperity and wellbeing.
Even the Fair Housing Act of 1968 has played no effective role in desegregating urban society. The authors suggest that segregation occurs in urban spaces through an interlocking mix of actions by individuals, policies adopted by institutions and practices followed by government agencies. In some cities, the extent of black segregation is so pronounced and affects many aspects of the community’s experience that it is aptly termed as ‘hyper-segregation’.
Massey and Denton point out that during periods of economic slowdown or recession, the segregation process gets accelerated. During such conditions, the acuteness of poverty pushes most black Americans into cheaper real-estate locales, thereby contributing to ghetto-formation. Within the ghetto, the social and economic conditions are markedly inferior compared to suburban locales. The black community, thus marginalized, tries to adapt to the harsh realities by way of evolving attitudes, behaviors, beliefs and customs that further alienate them from mainstream American culture and society. For example, as the wealthier (usually white) residents migrate towards suburbia, they inadvertently also reduce the tax base which directly affects funding for educational institutions in the area. It then becomes a cyclical process, whereby those families that can afford to leave to upscale areas do so further decreasing the tax base and education. Ethnic enclaves are thus created, which disincentives businesses interests due to the economic profile of residents as well as law and order problems in such neighborhoods. Even whites who are interested to buy housing in the neighborhood are put-off for
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Effects of long imprisonment are also outlined. Charles dickens was a lover of America t his first visit. However, from his experiences in the country, he realizes that it is not as smooth as he thought. He clearly illustrates his perception of America in American Notes.
Based on his observation, he found the conditions to be abysmal for the inner-city children after 50 years since the significant ruling on the case of Brown vs. Board of Education, which served to dismantle the ideologies of segregations in school (separate but equal rule).
In the end the tragic death also becomes the part and parcel of their lives. It is the story of the man (Hugh) and woman (Deborah) who love each other. And the woman's prove of love is shown in the relentless efforts of serving his man dinner on one of the worst weather nights, a realm of fiction (Ward, 1996, p 1).
Individualism among the romantics can also be identified easily, in the different ways in which they contemplated death. Emotions ranging from pure awe, to sheer fright and hatred can be felt in their depiction of death. While some poets have preferred to see death as a gateway to immortality, and eternity; some others have illustrated it as the harbinger of darkness and mystery, eerie and the unknown.
However, there are many challenges that child welfare is facing due to lack of funding and resources. Some of these challenges come from child abuse, where parents' rights come first rather than the child's best interest. From there, when there is a case of child abuse, it seems that the parents' rights come before the child's best interest because the welfare system wants to keep family unity intact; however in some cases, it is clear that there are no chances of loving environment.
To begin with, the studies of improving the urban environment and making money with the use of the “growth machine” lead to many important arguments in the book.
An Elite group was in charge of all the developments, and focused on making money for the growth
n.Some of the main arguments in this book deal with Clarence Stones idea of “urban regime” which is basically how the interest of the public and private values work together in making government decisions (Stone, p. 1-328).
The elite business and the uprising Blacks
His story also talks of the personal efforts of his that led to his success. His story is thus one that inspires one to rise above the trials and tribulations caused by circumstances and inspires one to work hard for
According to the paper, the story is based on the idea of hate and revenge. The author’s main aim is to illustrate that love and hate remain part of human nature and are inseparable. The story mainly targets young adults struggling to find what they can do with themselves and their contribution to society
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