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Philosophy - Aristotle vs Plato - Essay Example

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Plato’s and Aristotle’s philosophies of reality and knowledge are different from each other in the sense that when Plato emphasizes a subjective approach to reality, Aristotle’s approach to reality is totally experimental. That’s why, for Plato, the word “realer” is…
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Download file to see previous pages But essentially at a point their philosophies are almost the same because both them doubt the physical reality while their solutions for the believability of reality are different. Indeed Aristotle’s belief in reality emerges from the experimental proof. But Plato’s belief in reality is mostly contextual. For example, if it is believed by the most of the people, it is the reality for the time being. Even if one meets a more real thing, it will not be established by until others also feel in the same way as the person who has viewed the more real/realer. Therefore, Plato’s reality seems to be the norms followed by the most.
Plato asserts that reality is essentially subjective and normative while Aristotle’s reality is objective and in order to earn the credibility, it needs to go through a set of experimental process. Indeed both Plato’s and Aristotle’s philosophies are complimentary to each other in the sense that the escaped prisoner discovers the reality through Aristotle’s experimental process that symbolically represents the prisoner’s attempt to escape from the cave, though in Plato’s allegory, the escapade of the prisoner happens accidentally, and the escaped prisoner must teach other prisoners in order to drive out the reality of the cave from their head, while establishing his own reality. In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, the prisoners’ cognitive perception of the shadow reality can be considered as their knowledge of the Cave. That is, Plato knowledge is related to physicality, and reality is absolutely the Ideas that precedes reality. Plato’s theory of Ideas and knowledge suggests that “states of being are contingent upon the mingling of various Forms of existence, that knowledge is objective and thus clearly more real, and that only the processes of nature were valid entities” (Thomas 23). In this regard, Richard L. W. Clark says that in Plato’s hierarchical model of cognition, “empirical ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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