The Case Against Affirmative Action - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Affirmative action in general indicates undertaking measures, which will provide referential treatment towards underrepresented communities at the cost of a group, representing majority such that discrimination might be compensated. The major argument in favor of affirmative…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
The Case Against Affirmative Action
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Case Against Affirmative Action"

The Case Against Affirmative Action Affirmative action in general indicates undertaking measures, which will provide referential treatment towards underrepresented communities at the cost of a group, representing majority such that discrimination might be compensated. The major argument in favor of affirmative action refers to equalizing the benefits by compensating the shortfall in numbers. Also, the idea behind the same is derived form setting the wrong to right by committing something wrong again. Discrimination of any form is wrong and in this case discrimination takes place against the majority group in order to set the injustice undergone by the minorities. For instance, since the blacks were treated as slaves once, it is justified that they should be getting some privileges over and above the whites that perhaps had no connection with slavery. The idea is based upon “Two Wrongs Make a Right Thesis” (Pojman) Despite all, one might argue essentially on the basis of discrimination alone that affirmative action cannot do justice to the society at large an is ethically wrong.
1. Students who begin their career at a disadvantage will need some thrust or support to move forward. Coming from black families put them often at a disadvantage in terms of economic and social status. They often belong to crime-infected families and are place at a disadvantage compared to the whites.
2. Affirmative action will draw the people from minority groups to choose those profession or academic careers, which they would not have thought in other circumstances. For instance, women are entering into fields of technology. It is important to alter the stereotypes in order to prevent future discrimination.
3. Affirmative action will help in compensating the wrongdoings, which the minorities suffered once.
4. Diversity needs to be encouraged especially since it has utilitarian value to the society.
5. Another argument, which is often put forward states, is based upon “No One Deserves His Talents”. Individuals do not have claims to any particular merit; hence they will not have access to the better ranks or positions in the society.
(Pojman; Messerli)
1. Discrimination of any sort is bad even if it is biased towards the majority groups. In fact this is a case of reverse discrimination. It is pointless to punish the innocent white people for the wrongdoings of their ancestors.
2. The diversity argument is favor of affirmative action has been discussed before. However, in certain cases where a white policeman might be able to arrest a black criminal better and vice versa might be regarded as a case of merit instead of affirmative action.
3. The ‘No One Deserves His Talents’ is based on the ground – ‘If a person does not deserve what produces something, he does not deserve its products’ which cannot be held as correct because based on this argument none would deserve anything. They will not deserve to be paid for their labor or have right to their own property.
4. Estimates show that many groups other than racially inferior ones lie within the category of minorities. Elderly people and handicaps are also among them. Hence one might argue to include the ugly looking, obese and short people in the list too. In fact to judge carefully, the white young people are lying in the oppressed category. Therefore, they would also be included in the list. This way the list would no longer be solely in favor of the minorities.
5. Affirmative action is against excellence and competency. This could be the strongest argument against affirmative action. A person should be respected for his worth, which is inherent or based upon his merit.
(Pojman; Messerli)
Before coming to any conclusion or position about affirmative action it is important to differentiate between strong and weak affirmative actions. Weak affirmative action stands for provision of equal opportunities to all in order to provide fair grounds for competition. Strong affirmative action looks to equalize on grounds of certain parameters base don which individuals are classified as minority groups. I personally would therefore stand against strong affirmative action although I feel that weak affirmative action is fair to the society especially in certain cases where the idea is to eradicate all forms of segregation instead of “reverse discrimination” (Messerli).
Works Cited
Messerli, Joe. “Should affirmative action policies, which give preferential treatment based on minority status, be eliminated?”, Balanced politics, December 3, 2010 <>
Pojman, Louis P. “The Case Against Affirmative Action”, CSUS, December 3, 2010 <>Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Case Against Affirmative Action Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Case Against Affirmative Action Research Paper)
“The Case Against Affirmative Action Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Case Against Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action

...?Affirmative Action The principle of affirmative action Affirmative action (hereforth referred to as “AA is defined as “a set of practices undertaken by employers, university admission offices, and government agencies to go beyond nondiscrimination, with the goal of actively improving the economic status of minorities and women with regard to employment, education and business ownership and growth” (Holzer & Neumark, 469). The phrase “affirmative action” was introduced by Executive Order 10925. EO 10925 was issued by U.S. President John F. Kennedy in 1961, which urged employers to actively adopt policies...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Affirmative Action the hiring of employees and acceptance of students enrolling in a school. Some companies interpret affirmative action as a quota system (Lapenson, 2009). Companies must allot a certain percentage of the entire work force to minorities. In the same manner, schools should allocate a certain percentage of the total enrollment to minorities. Initially, affirmative action was crafted into law to eliminate racial discrimination against the African Americans. The companies are penalized for discriminating against the minority job applicants and minority student enrollees. Further, statistical data shows that affirmative...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Case Against Affirmative Action

...? Case against Affirmative Action Case against Affirmative Action Affirmative action refers to the equal and preferable treatment given to the minorities at the time of admission in any university or working place not just in public environment but in private firms too (Kennedy, 1990, p.705). The affirmative action rules and regulation were formulated to eliminate the sense of discrimination among different communities of the society that was present for centuries and to provide platform to the minorities that lacked benefits. The...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Affirmative action

.... Based upon the information that is available with the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the racial tint in criminal activity is clear since the rate of imprisonment of black people in 1994 was 1489 as against 176 white people and 686 Hispanics. Comparatively, Blacks are 8.5 times more likely to go to prison than white people are (, n.d.). Unless and until the interests of all racial minorities are represented through affirmative action at the workplace in hiring a diverse group of police officers belonging to different ethnic groups, the cause of justice may not be served. When law enforcement officials are predominantly those who belong to the majority community, then there is a danger of bias and prejudice... ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Dissertation

Affirmative Action

...recently, after being denied admission in 1996 to the University of Michigan’s law school, Barbara Grutter sued. The case went to the Supreme Court, and in its first ruling on affirmative action in twenty-five years, ruled 5-4 to uphold Michigan’s affirmative action policy and decided 6-3 against the undergraduate policy, ruling that it constituted the use of quotas ( This leaves a big question: “The colleges can still look for diversity in their entering classes, but the question is how do they look to that?" ( The courts left the acceptable means by which to promote racial diversity vague, only reinforcing that...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Proposal

Affirmative Action

...:// (23 July 2009) Barnett, A. 1996 August, “A Case Against Affirmative Action”. Building Equal Opportunity On Firmer Footing. 23 (4), (online) Available HTTP (23 July 2009) Dietz-Uhler, B., Murrell, A.J. 1998, Evaluations of Affirmative Action Applicants: Perceived Fairness, Human Capital, or Social Identity? Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 38 (11-12), 933. Horne, G. Reversing Discrimination: The Case for Affirmative Action. International Publishers, 2002. Kamalu, J.A.,...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Reverse Discrimination: Arguments against Affirmative Action

...) ‘the practice of giving preference to racial minorities or women in hiring or admissions’, which by definition prefers certain characteristics like gender and color, over other more relevant ones like competence and caliber. There has been much argument for and against affirmative action. To understand the pros and cons, it is important to look at clearly why affirmative action came into existence. While we see a lot of females and African Americans (along with other minority groups) in various positions in corporate America as well as most of the schools, this was not the case a handful of decades ago. These groups were severely...
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study

Affirmative Action

...Affirmative Action Programs Discrimination in the labor force is unfortunately much more prevalent than most people think. Job discrimination means that certain groups of individuals face barriers, both hidden and overt, to their active participation and inclusion in an employment setting. Insidious yet pervasive, job discrimination affects all types of people but is particularly harmful to certain group of individuals. Accordingly, women, people with disabilities as well as people who are older face a variety of impediments to their full participation in the labor force in this country. The following will explore job discrimination with an eye to how this form of discrimination affects certain groups...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

The Case Against Affirmative Action 2

...The Case Against Affirmative Action Grounds of equality are extremely important when one thinks about fairness within a social structure. Equality and fairness provide the constitutional grounds for Affirmative Action to be undertaken by the government. Affirmative Action in general includes measures, which will provide preferential treatment towards underrepresented communities at the cost of a group, representing majority such that discrimination might be compensated. The major argument in favor of Affirmative Action refers to equalizing the benefits by compensating the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Against Affirmative Action in College Admissions

...of affirmative action in higher education was meant to increase the number of minority students accessing a college education (725-726). However, according to Professor John Fobanjong, the use of race preferential policies within selective schools issignificantly expanding the racial divide as opposed to narrowing it (2). As a result, in regards to higher education, affirmative action creates more detrimental effects than positive outcomes; therefore, these policies should not be incorporated into the admission process. According to Dr.Jamillah Moore, affirmative action should not be framed as a policy that is primarily geared towards...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Case Against Affirmative Action for FREE!

Contact Us