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Forensic hospitalization averages $500 per day while a jail’s housing cost is only $50.00. Buelle (2003) comments that “shifts in public policy regarding public safety, de-institutionalization of mental health populations and complexities in accessing funding for mental health treatment all have contributed to this problem” (p. 141). Sabbatine (2007) add that jail is the only institution that accepts everyone legally presented for custody unlike some mental health institutions which have admission criteria. That is why there is a growing population of mentally disturbed offenders in correctional facilities.
However, since these inmates are psychologically ill, they have the right to be treated while incarcerated. The American Psychiatric Association, the National Commission on Correctional Health Care and the American Correctional Association all agree that these inmates need to go through screening and diagnosis so the necessary treatment can be done. Diagnosis is determined from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, fourth Edition (DSM-IV). This system has a five axis/ level structure. The most significant disorders are on the first axis and are termed Axis I disorders, which include schizophrenia, bipolar disorders and major depression, among others. Mentally ill offenders are at times identified by these Axis I disorders. (Norton, 2005). Treatment would include a variety of care options incorporating crisis intervention, ongoing psychiatric treatment – accompanied by psychotropic medication, if prescribed, and well-trained mental health staff who undergo an ongoing training program in the treatment and care of the mentally ill (Maloney, Ward & Jackson, 2003).
There are many available options for treatment of mentally disturbed offenders ranging from simple psychotherapy to psychotropic medication to community-based therapy. These shall be described in detail as follows:
A number of counseling and psychotherapeutic
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Even though rape or any kind of sexual assault in correctional facilities is prevented by the 2003 Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), still the cases of sexual offences in correctional facilities are increasing. This paper briefly analyses the rape in correctional facilities and the possible solutions to eliminate sexual assault cases behind the bar.
The American Psychology Association has a body that specifically deals with the issues of law and psychology. A number of researches have also been conducted to establish the relationships between psychology and the law, and their significance in a judiciary system.
In this respect, a theoretical overview of the counseling services and advantages is needed as well as the techniques I believe to be helpful in my practices. Following the theoretical explanations, I have also drawn some inferences with regards to my professional qualities as a counselor, addressing both limitations and strengths that would affect my effectiveness when delivering the service.
This is due to the fact that research world wide has continued to show that the rate of crime has continued and will definitely continue to realize an upward trend over the years ranging from cases of murder, homicide, theft, cyber crimes as well as
The sick prisoners can easily consult and seek advice from doctors. Videoconferencing with the doctors can be done instead of inmates having to have personal trips to hospitals. Psychiatric evaluations which are
This paper analyses the available classifications and the determinants of the facilities under which an inmate would serve. Focus would specifically be laid on the four categories of correctional systems as discussed by Voorhis, Braswell, and Lester (134): supermax,
between psychology and the law where the profession and science of psychology are applied to matters that relate to law and, generally, the entire legal system. Sound knowledge in forensic psychology facilitates comprehensive understanding of how human behavior relates to the
this analysis explores effectiveness of correctional psychology based on the outcome of the program, and some of the treatment modalities that foster the realization of positive results from such a program, both in the short- and long-term durations.
Helfgot and Meloy (2013)
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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