Patient Safety and Medical error - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Patient safety in the health care practice emphasizes on the analysis, reporting and prevention of medical errors leading to adverse healthcare events (Wachter, 2007). Until the 1990s, the magnitude and frequency of avoidable harmful patient events was unknown. However in the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.2% of users find it useful

Extract of sample "Patient Safety and Medical error"

Patient Safety and Medical Error Patient safety in the health care practice emphasizes on the analysis, reporting and prevention of medical errors leading to adverse healthcare events (Wachter, 2007). Until the 1990s, the magnitude and frequency of avoidable harmful patient events was unknown. However in the 1990s, there were several incidences reported of patients who had been harmed or worse still killed by medical errors. Recognizing that medical error affect approximately 10% of the patients around the world, the world health care referred to patients’ safety as an endemic concern. Safety health care and medical errors has emerged as a powerful healthcare discipline built on the basis of immature scientific framework that is fast developing. An increased access to information regarding the number of cases of medical errors has helped improve this discipline (Hurwitz & Sheikh, 2009). Such improvements include adopting innovative technologies, error reporting systems enhancement, new economic incentives development and application of knowledge gained from business and industry.
The impacts and magnitude of medical errors was unappreciated until in the 1990s when there were several reported incidences in the United States of America. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences published a report ‘Building a Safe Health System’ in 1999 in recognition of the trend of human error in heath care systems. In the report, the IOM urged for a broad national effort including the establishment of a patient safety center, safety programs development in health care institutions, expansion of reporting of adverse effects and urged healthcare purchasers, regulators and professional societies to pay attention to this fact. Within two weeks of the publishing of the report, the president of the United States of America ordered a study to be carried out to establish the feasibility of the implementation of the report’s recommendations. Health Grades, in July 2004, released a study namely ‘Patient safety in American Hospitals’ that showed that there were over 1,000,000 adverse impacts associated with healthcare systems during 2000-2002 which resulted in more than 190,000 deaths per year in US healthcare institutions (Wilson, Runciman, Gibberd, Harrison, Newby & Hamilton, 1995). This experience is much similar to other countries around the world. According to a ten year study in Australia, there were over 17,000 deaths annually that resulted from medical errors, for instance medical dosing error. The Canadian adverse effects study revealed that there were adverse effects in more than 6.9% hospital admissions and 9000-24,000 die per year due to unavoidable medical errors (Baker & Norton 2004).
Medical errors emanate from a number of factors like physician stresses, process of care factors, patient related factors, and physician’s characteristics like lack of prerequisite knowledge. Some of the problems may also result from quality of services and equipments, access to and financing of healthcare (Peters & Peters, 2007). To err is to human and errors will always happen despite the level of care practiced in health care facilities. Physicians, patients and health care staff errors are common in many hospitals and therefore necessary systems must be implemented to prevent or absorb them. Sometimes the errors may be as a result of negligence on the part of the patient or the physician, but others are unavoidable. Most of the errors result from the overly complex processes but are preventable according to Hatlie & Youngberg (2006). To reduce such medical errors, a culture of incidence reporting should be developed that includes clearly distinguishing between blameworthy and blameless errors. Systems should be put in place to absorb a degree of some of the errors and the health care institutions should be dynamic to adapt in emergency situations.
Baker G. R. & Norton P. G. (2004). "The Canadian Adverse Events Study: the incidence of adverse events among hospital patients in Canada". Canadian Medical Association Journal 170 (11): 1678–1685.
Hatlie M. J. & Youngberg B.J. (2006), The patient safety handbook, London, Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Hurwitz B. & Sheikh A. (2009), Health Care Errors and Patient Safety, London, John Wiley and Sons.
Peters G. A. & Peters B. J. (2007), Medical error and patient safety: human factors in medicine, London, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis.
Wachter, R. M. (2007), Understanding Patient Safety, New York, McGraw-Hill Professional.
Wilson R. M, Runciman W. B, Gibberd R.W, Harrison B.T, Newby L, Hamilton J.D (November 1995). "The Quality in Australian Health Care Study". Med J Aust. 163 (9): 458–71 Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Patient Safety and Medical error Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
Patient Safety and Medical error Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words. Retrieved from
(Patient Safety and Medical Error Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
Patient Safety and Medical Error Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words.
“Patient Safety and Medical Error Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Patient Safety and Medical error

Patient Safety

.... For example, the study on working shift of 8hours versus 10 hours has revealed that the quality and quantity of care in 10 hours shift is significantly lower than the former as well as there is a big difference in the satisfaction and alertness level of the workers. Proper Communication and teamwork also play an important role in medical or emergency field. “Ensure that health care organizations implement a standardized approach to hand over communication between staff, change of shift and between different patients care units in the course of a patient transfer” (Communication During Patient Hand-Overs: Patient Safety Solutions 2). In...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Patient Safety

...? Patient Safety According to the IOM (Institute of Medicine) report of April 2001, over 100,000 patients dieeach year in our hospitals due to medical errors. This means that patients are dying, not due to their admitting diagnosis or natural causes, but due to a medical mistake. Even more startling is the fact that most of these errors are preventable. The hiking number of patients and their complex medical wants and needs contribute to already vibrant and demanding surroundings. This exerts a heavy toll on budget causing budget deficits, which leads to staff layoffs...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Patient Safety

...? Week 8 essay Root cause analysis technique is critical in analyzing the causes of medical errors. Poor communication and poor training of healthcare providers will lead to non-adherence to established operating procedures and processes in the health provision. Medical errors lead to death, injuries, suicides and other post operation complications. Risk operations like thoracic operation may result to post operation complications thus the healthcare provider should follow all the established procedures. Week 8 essay Introduction Patient safety is a critical part in the deliver of quality healthcare (Williams & Wilkins, 2007). Healthcare...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Patient centered medical homes

...? Patient Centered Medical Homes Lecturer: Patient Centered Medical Homes Purpose/Rationale Provision of quality health care services is a basic human right. Patient centre medical homes (PCMH) are innovative primary health care centre for the provision of quality services. It is a foundation for accessing efficient and cheaper health care services. The primary goal of PCMH is to transform the centre in order to deliver effective primary care services at affordable prices. The program offer practices for care organization for patients, nurses working in groups and coordination as well as tracking patient...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Patient Medical Record System

...PMR (PATIENT MEDICAL RECORDS) SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE Introduction The following paper will discuss an ideal architectural design of a patient medical record system relevant to the given scenario. From the scenario, it is understood that a Patient Medical Record System (PMR) is required to be designed compatible with disparate system environments. Moreover, an efficient Patient management system must allocate patients to their respective specialty treatment locations, by keeping the distance and other essential parameters vital to patient, at focus. For this kind of a PMR system, the various industry standards for medical data communication and storage such as HL7, ANSI X12 and ASTM CCR are discussed in this document. 2. Assumptions... from...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Managing medical error disclosure

...). Medical errors are not necessarily related to an individual’s negligence. It can be due to systemic deficiencies (Howe, 2000). Problem statement Medical errors are so rampant that they are now considered a public health issue endangering safety of patients. Medical error had been recognized as early as in mid 1950s. But there had been no change in medical practice until recent times aimed at avoiding them. For example, in the case of tonsillectomy debated for the past more than two decades as an unnecessary procedure , it was only after the public scandal involving death of children...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Patient Safety

...Patient Safety One of the fundamental causes of medical errors is the lack of patient’s knowledge of the process and consequences of the treatment. With no knowledge of treatment, patients are susceptible to taking expired medicines, avoiding the medical tests or showing ignorance or indifference towards the results, going to the hospitals with insufficient or inadequate facilities, avoiding follow-up care, attaining unexpected results of surgery. FDA conducted a research to determine the fatal errors of medication experienced in the years between 1993 and 1998 (Stoppler, 2011). Among the...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

MEDICAL ERROR AND PREVENTION (CMS) denying settlement of Medicaid funds for treatment of preventable errors (Armitage, 2009). This paper explores sources of medical errors and their prevention among heath workers. Types of Medical Errors According to the Quality Interagency Coordination Task Force, a medical error is “the failure of an intended action to be accomplished as planned or use of an incorrect plan to achieve an aim” (Armitage, 2009). Thus, errors can result from wrongful practice, procedures, products, or systems applied by a health professional or institution on a patient. This definition of...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Patient Safety and Medical Errors

...Patient Safety and Medical Errors Introduction Patient safety has remained one of the major concerns in hospitals across the globe as a result of the injuries and deaths caused by mistakes and errors committed by healthcare workers. Patients in a hospital trust the qualification of the hospital workers and therefore believe in their ability to deliver them from the health condition they are suffering form. The issue of patient safety concerns all hospital workers including the doctors, the nurses who care for the patients, accuracy of drug prescription...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Medical Error their personal capacities for their failure to observe patient safety. Ethical failure As Pozgar (2013) said, the provider failed to adhere to the ethical rules of informed consent, non-maleficence, justice, truthfulness and honesty. The hospital failed to provide the patient with a prompt, detailed confession of the medical error and a genuine apology followed by compensation. Such response could have improved her trust in the hospital and the medical staffs (Gallagher, 2009). This is especially true considering that in most cases, patients and their families regard disclosures as a bold step towards providing...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Patient Safety and Medical error for FREE!

Contact Us