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Usually, a parent finds his/her infant dead after putting him/her to bed. Typically, there are no signs of distress or a struggle of any kind and even after a complete autopsy, review of the infant’s clinical history and examination of the death scene, reasons for the sudden and unexpected death remain mysterious (Slonim & Marcucci, 2008). Reports by Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER) indicate that most deaths resulting from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome take place in infants in the age bracket of 2-4 months and that it hardly ever happens before the age of one month or after six months.
The etiology of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is not known. According to Springhouse, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is the third leading cause of infants’ death between the age of one month and one year. This incidence is most common during winter and it is higher in infants who sleep on their stomachs or in cribs with soft bedding, infants born in poverty, premature neonates, male infants and those infants whose mothers failed to seek prenatal care until late in the pregnancy. It is also common in one of a single multiple birth infants for instance, twins and triplets and those infants whose mothers take drugs or smoke. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is also considered to be linked with problems in sleep arousal and may result from a defect in the control of ventilation that permits carbon dioxide to upsurge in the blood, thus leading to extended periods of apnea with deep hypoxemia as well as acute cardiac arrhythmias (Kaneshiro, 2010).
Risk factors for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome include poverty, little or no/poor prenatal care, higher parity, single parenthood, maternal smoking and drug abuse during and after pregnancy as well as exposing the baby to second hand smoke. Others include young maternal age, infants who sleep on their stomachs, lower level of maternal education, seasonal distribution with a peak in winter
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It is now known that a multitude of factors from genetics to modifiable environmental triggers influence the pathogenesis of SIDS and this knowledge has lead to the formulation of different recommendations for its prevention.
Health hazards include heart diseases, bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer. For the smoker, it is active smoking; while, for those around him it is called passive smoking, in which people inhale the smoke of cigarettes from a smoker present in the surrounding.
Infant mortality can result from many aspects including birth defects, sudden death syndrome, injuries during pregnancy, and poverty especially in the developing countries. Although poverty might play an important role in deaths of these children, literacy also counts.
Even so, the risk of SIDS can be greatly reduced. First and foremost, infants younger than 1 year old should be placed on their backs'to sleep - never face-down on their stomachs. Typically the infant is found dead after having been put to bed, and exhibits no signs of having suffered
The infant formula/bottled milk then became a substitute for the preferred nutritional fluid for infants.
With advances in science and production, the infant formulas present in the market became more effective in mimicking the benefits of the human milk.
w that co-sleeping is a natural phenomenon which happens between the parents and their children and thus it should be encouraged because it relieves the children that they are being looked after well by their parents at the time of their sleep.
Co-sleeping comes about when the
At the early childhood, a baby requires proper dieting. There are situations like infants babies where they have no option, but be given bottle-feeding. Under these circumstances, parents should seek doctors’ advice on
e, SIDS in the US is the 3rd leading etiology of infant mortality and greater part of these deaths still take place when recommendations for safe sleep are not followed (Carl & Fern, 2006).
Epidemiologic studies have identified the risk factors for SIDS through demonstrating a