Download file to see previous pages...
The Seventeen Article Constitution was written in a period of Chinese expansionism. Previously insulated from Chinese cultural and political influence because of geographical separation by the sea, the Japanese rulers noticed the Chinese with more concern as they made forays into the Korean peninsula. With a desire to consolidate their own government in a more structured and unified form, Shotoku sent his missions into China to study the centralized structure of the Tang kingdom. The results of these missions had a great influence on the constitution Shotoku was going to write. Even though there is no evidence that the constitution was promulgated practically as a law, it remained a guideline for how the rulers expected the standards of statehood to be and set the direction for future reforms, such as the Taika reforms (Lu 23).
Two of the key precepts of the constitution were the rights of the sovereign and the establishment of a bureaucracy. These were both designed to change the then current structure from being clan-based to that governed by a central monarchy. In espousing the powers and rights of the monarchy, the constitution made undiluted references to the monarch being “likened Heaven” and if not obeyed “ruin will be automatically result” (Lu 24). The reference to the monarch being like heaven itself was borrowed from the Confucian descriptions of imperial government in China which emphasized the monarch’s status as being the link that creates “harmony” between “what is above” and “what is below” resulting in prosperity if obeyed (Kasulis 86). Supplementing the monarch based central government was the idea of a bureaucracy which was selected on merit rather than heredity. It may be pointed out that the entire Confucian theory was not used in the constitution and in the adaptation some elements were skipped. For example, in Confucianism, if the monarch did not rule as he was
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The Constitution, penned over a span of many years and approved of on September 17, 1787, consists of numerous articles, clauses, and amendments that help to define the relationship that exists between the government, the states, and every citizen of the United States.
citizen certain fundamental liberties and rights. With regard to criminal procedures, the foremost of these rights is the assumption of innocence. Though not explicitly written into the Constitution, this presumption has been interpreted by several court rulings as implied in the Eighth and Fifth Amendments.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. It was adopted in its original form on September 17, 1787 by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and later ratified by state-selected delegates representing the people of the several states.
And at present, the way Congress spends federal funds, it is going beyond the powers that the Constitution vested it.
In the article of Moore, he claimed that in the earlier days, the federal government only had limited funds and only a number of things to spend on.
The highlight of Blair’s election manifesto was the constitutional reforms that his part would introduce in order to empower British citizens with more rights and promote their participation in the decision making. Studlar’s views were of
General welfare has also made its appearance in parts of the constitution of United States such as in the description of the role of the congress on article 1 section 8 of the constitution. In as far as, it is an implied term; it is very notable how its
The Yamato state underwent significant changes and reforms during the Asuka era. Most of these reforms were a reflection of china’s social and political organization. They were mostly meant to strengthen and legitimize the imperial family’s rule (Batten
nstitution aims at providing a better system of governance and provides checks and balances through which they can monitor the performance of the government. It also established three branches of the government (the judiciary, the executive and the legislative arms of
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Seventeen-Article Constitution for FREE!