While some experts believe that human development from birth to adulthood occurs because of heredity or "nature factors", others argue that human development occurs as result of interaction with environment or…
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However, due to the rise in behaviourism, experts opined that nurture played a role in human development. This argument was based on the fact that training in early childhood can make the child develop into any kind of adult. However, most psychologists of current generation are of the opinion that both nature and nurture have a role in the development of humans and adulthood depends on the interactions between these two aspects. Most attributes of human beings, like emotional stability, sociability and psychiatric illnesses are a result of interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Experts are of the opinion that even innate biological attributes are modifiable by environmental factors. A good example for this is development of congenital anomalies and other problems in the fetus consequent to exposure to infectious diseases, maternal malnutrition, maternal smoking and maternal alcoholism. Similarly while development of milestones is programmed genetically and all children go through similar milestones at similar ages, some research has shown that achievement of milestones, to some extent depends on the stimulation. Similar features were noted in speech development. While newborns are born with functioning sensory, development of the sensory systems depends on environmental stimulation. For example, at birth newborns watch only flashing lights, or ridges and movements of head. They however gradually learn to recognize faces and identify them. Newborns start at loud noises and turn their head towards sound. But this disappears at 6 weeks and reemerges at 3-4 months age when the infant even turns the eyes towards the source of sound. Speech development occurs based on perception of sounds. Babies also have taste sensation and touch sensation and have preference to sweet taste and different types of touch. Their expressions towards different tastes are different. They also have good olfactory sensation and behave
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In his theory, Erikson has asserted that the learning and development of human personality occurs in eight stages. An individual learns from the social experiences throughout the life. Thus, personality keeps modifying over time as more experience is gained.
These articles and books either examine the effect of nature or nurture, or both, on children’s positive and negative behaviours. Bergin, C.C. and Bergin, D.A., 2012. Child and Adolescent Development in Your Classroom. California: Wadsworth. Authors provide an article on the nature-versus-nurture debate on child development.
A Book Report on Keating’s Nature and Nurture in Early Child Development.Introduction Perceived to be the only constant thing in this planet, change plays a prominent role in the life of every living creation, no matter how cliche this seems. Many had been thinking over its manipulative tendency, yet there is no way to cease it; life must go on revolving through such certain innovations.
The good nature of human beings is what had enabled them to live this long and be able to co-exists peacefully over the years. Human nature, the distinct ability to think, feel and act is unique in the different human beings but the undisputed fact is that the human nature shares one common character that is good.
Intelligence, geographical locations and even destiny play a role into the formation of a leader. Leaders need to have specific traits in order to be able to lead others. Some of these traits can either be learned or
Although he cannot express himself properly yet, he is already learning the most basic rudiments of life for it is in his nature to learn from experiences that he encounters throughout his life. These childhood experiences serve as the foundation for the learning that
The perception of nurture argues that gender is basically an essential product of socialization. As a result, societal expectation and family upbringing play a major role in determining gender (Lippa, 2009). This aspect explains the reasons to various
Superego, on the other hand, includes a societal moral and ethics that are learned from parents and guardians. Lastly, id is an individual’s instant pleasure principles of instant gratification (Thomas, 2001).
According to Erik