As new ideas emerge, new challenges also ensue. Conversely, new challenges require new ideas. The theory of building design, inevitably, has to be put into practice. Theory and practice go hand in hand. The construction of a…
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Also, this paper explains that the knowledge of the building collapses greatly impacted the revision of the building codes.
Building design is typically the application of the engineering and architectural knowledge in the design of buildings. Building design begins as an idea (Allen & Iano, 2004). Thus, it is the creative architect who creates or manages the over-all building design works. The practical engineer, on the other hand, implements what is on the blueprint. In the modern era, building design has been highly specialized. Due to the multifarious demands (e.g., fire-proof structures) in building quality structures, different and specialized technical professionals are needed to get the job done. By and large, the activities and implementations of the building design greatly involve time, cost, and performance (Groak, 1992). Production time and cost, on the other hand, are to be harnessed without compromising quality result (Chan & Chan, 2002).
In the designing a building, few parameters are considered: (1) the shape or structure of the building; (2) the forces inherent in the designed building; (3) processes in the assembly of materials; (4) the materials to be used; and (5) the connections from one material to another (Groak, 1992). First, the shape of the building largely shapes the design. It is primarily concerned with the relation between the whole building and its structural members (Groak, 1992). The principle is basically drawn from mathematics; the geometrical shape of an object determines its strength or weakness. In fact, the structural shape defines the motion of forces. For instance, the geometrical shape of bi-axial symmetry and cellular spaces are advantageous to earthquake phenomenon (Groak, 1992). Furthermore, shapes either expand or shrink space like the block design (Chang & Chang, 2002). And in times of calamity, the building’s space helps or dissipates the movement of fire within the
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Beattie (60) explains that most occurrences of industrial fires have been noted to happen when systems are impaired or out of use. Hence facilities that detect and protect fires always have to be installed so that in case of any occurrence, the fire will be easily contained.
There are many other definitions of fire, including that it is one of the four elements in alchemist. Different disciplines have different definition of fire. It thus follows that there are numerous paradigms of fire, including the physical, cultural, and biological.
The current system often must fail catastrophically before a new system is put in place. This can be seen clearly when looking into the history of building safety codes and their relation to fire safety. Many of these disasters could have had a much lower death toll if only fire safety codes and building regulations had been enacted before, instead of after, these fires.
There are many reasons or sources which can cause a collapse and it is of prime importance that the structure should be safe against any possible combination of loading, whether it’s the live, dead , wind, earthquake or fire, the building must resist it at all cost.
Critically, Apple Inc’s iPad computer as a competitor to the Kindle Fire comes with a number of strengths and weaknesses, which have been briefly discussed below. Strengths Brand equity: As a company and as a product, the iPad enjoys an advantage as being a long competitor on the market.
They died when they went to respond to a structure fire in a tanker. The tanker was being driven by the 45 year old firefighter. The driver tried to steer the tanker right after making a left curve, but instead it skidded on the