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Statute should be passed which would impose civil and/or criminal liability for a failure to rescue. The duty to rescue should be imposed as a mandate subject to criminal and civil liability because it is a positive obligation which can benefit people. This duty finds support in the utilitarian principle. This principle is a normative theory which “explains all of morality and political justice in terms of positive obligation – the single positive obligation to benefit people as much as possible” (Murphy, 2001). In this case, the utilitarian principle emphasizes that the morality of actions is based on the obligation to benefit people. The earliest philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill discuss that actions are right if they bring happiness and they are wrong if they bring about the opposite of happiness. In this case, happiness should be brought to the one performing the action and the person affected by such action (West, n.d). In fulfilling one’s duty to rescue, benefit and happiness is surely brought upon the rescued; and happiness is also felt by the rescuer. Based on this theory, legislation which imposes civil and/or criminal liability to those who fail to rescue is justified because it benefits the rescued and the rescuer. Granting that the benefit to the rescuer may also be based on an egoistic need to make oneself look or feel good, this egoism still does not negate the validity of the duty to rescue. Based on the utilitarian theory, “it is possible for the right thing to be done from a bad motive” (West, n.d). Therefore, even if a person’s motive in rescuing may be bad or selfish, it still does not diminish his obligation or duty to rescue.
The very essence of utilitarianism is rounded up in the query, “What ought a man to do?” The answer is that he ought to act in order to produce the best possible
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The resources of firms are scarce; thus, investment decisions should be made wisely. Market prices are essential components of a financial manager in his decision-making process. Prices of goods and services are necessary inputs in almost all cost-benefit analysis that are undertaken by the company.
This they mainly attribute to the value of individualism within the society that makes every person favor themselves especially in the face of danger and risk for survival. Another major reason is the unworkability of the rule requiring rescue due to definition of terms it is mandated and when it is not.
As it often happens with the ethical and legal issues, the concept of liberty often conflicts with moral principles and values that most members of our society share.
From the early childhood the great part of the U.S citizens is taught that it is socially approved to help those, who are in need of it.
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