The leaders have long been considered as the ruling personality in the business and working environment. However, the theories of leadership provide different grounds to leadership styles. Leadership is now…
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Leadership is considered as a controlling power that is bestowed on a person to achieve certain aims. The leader, having specific aims, is now responsible to achieve those aims. There are a number of leadership perspectives available to individuals. A true and successful leader, however, is the one who realizes the suitability and effectiveness of certain leadership style on the team and environment he is working with. Contingency perspective of leadership provides such a mechanism where leaders have to be flexible in their attitudes, working and demands. This perspective involves the analysis of situation on which the leader has to decide on things. The contingency approach of leadership is associated with the path-goal theory more closely than others (Dubrin, 2001 pp. 32-34). The path-goal theory follows the same idea as defined in the expectancy theory of motivation. The main idea is the relationship or connection between the leaders behaviours on employee participation and performance in achieving the tasks assigned to them. The path-goal theory is more inclined towards the rewards in order to attain higher motivation of employees and higher performance efficiency. Path-goal theory emphasizes on servant leaders, who are less dominating and more helpful. The leaders working under the contingency perspective of leadership are more like coaches, facilitators and guides to the employee team.
Directive leadership which points towards the task-oriented leadership. The leader explains the task clearly, provides a framework to follow and describes the standards against which the performance would be measured. This style of leadership use rewards and payments as a tool of motivation.
Supportive Leadership may also be termed as people-oriented leadership. The leader following this style is supportive in actions, words and behaviours. A supportive leader is respectful, honest and pleasant with the employees. Having a friendly attitude,
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The issue of critical management and leadership has been debated on, by various analysts and researchers in the field of business. In their work, Cooper, Einarsen, Zapf and Hoel (2003) argue that, for any form of organization to thrive and attain the best out of its employees, there is a need to ensure that the managers embrace the concept of effective management in the workplace.
Leadership in politics, sports, teaching and other professional careers guides towards the importance and significance of this concept. Leadership is defined in different ways by different authors, however, an easy definition may be “the process whereby an individual directs, guides, influences, or controls the thoughts, feelings or behaviours of other human beings” (Rost, p.52) Theories of Leadership Many researchers have been struggling to define and explain the leadership traits, theories, challenges and related affairs.
Global organizations seek success in the modern global market despite the numerous and increasing complex set of challenges. As such, global leaders experience various challenges in trying to assess the demands of a situation given a global role. While operating in a face-to-face situation, a global leader face multicultural challenges in trying g to assess the demands of a situation given a global role.
It tries to validate the idea that in order to be effective, an organisation must not only possess a proper 'fit' with the environment but also between its subsystems of hierarchies. It states that the requirements of organisations obtain optimum functionality when the processes of action and implementation in the organisation is effectively designed and the management style is responsive and appropriate simultaneously to the tasks undertaken and the nature of the work group.
st important aspect is that there must be a proper fit between the size of an organization, its technology and the requirements of its environment and this perspective is referred to as the Contingency Theory. Moreover, the importance of communicating knowledge effectively
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." So said Franklin D. Roosevelt in an earlier time οf national crisis. Those words ring true for the Year 2000 crisis: The greatest thing we have to fear may not be Y2K itself, but the fear and panic caused by it. If automatic teller machines fail on January 1, 2000, will it be because οf software problems?
TQM was initially publicised as a universal solution to all kinds of quality management problems (Kurtus, 2001). Quality management is concerned with examining the various processes in an organization and to ensure most efficient
se it considers success to be controlled by a whole range of variables that include but are not limited to the qualities of followers, the style of leadership and different aspects of the situation.
The most prominent situations affecting leadership from the Industrial Age to
The author states that the difference between contingency leadership theory and the traditional leadership traits theory is that contingency depends also on the followers and the organizational environment. Shepard & Hougland calls this the “complex man” and “complex organization” dilemma.
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