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ts came from educated-in-elite-school-system Germans such as Schopenhauer, Martin Luther, Immanuel Kant, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Bach, Beethoven and Goethe. There was a point in time where the German elite formed the main part of the intelligentsia. “The Germans are literary people. The country is after all das Land der Dichter und Denker, the land of poets and thinkers.” (Wasser, 2006)
To understand whether Theodore Adorno in his criticism of art, music and culture was guided by the moralist, egalitarian, capitalist or totalitarian stance, this paper will focus on Adorno’s biography and his contributions to the development of the culture industry as well as his critical views on music and popular culture. For the purpose of clarity and space, Adorno’s early works (1941-1941) will be used as reference to build the entire paper.
In 1903 in Frankfurt, Germany, Theodore Adorno opened his eyes to an affluent and educated family. Both “his mother and sister were accomplished musicians and it was from them that he received his initial training and encouragement in his life-long love for music” (Jay, 1973).
His Jewish roots ultimately became the deciding factor in his philosophical writings and thoughts, especially after Hitler’s totalitarian regime and the Nazi Holocaust swept over Germany with millions of Jews persecuted under it. During this time, Adorno was forced into exile and spent the next 16 years of his life in England and the US before returning to Germany to complete his doctorate in Philosophy from Frankfurt University.
Adorno’s position on culture and the music industry has managed to establish key influences in the domain of media studies. His ideas about these industries were critical and in some cases, pessimistic. Adorno analyses the dynamics of the culture industry in the context of ‘standardization’ underlining it as a fundamental characteristic of pop music. He quotes himself:
“A clear judgment concerning the
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Levinas' First Philosophy
“Levinas does not want to propose laws or moral rules…it is a matter of [writing] an ethics of ethics” (Derrida, 1967). What does this mean? “An ethics of ethics means, here, the exploration of conditions of possibility of any interest in good actions or lives.
The three part poem “Howl” by Alan Ginsberg describes a nightmarish world of madness, drinking, drugs and weird religious imagery. He seems to be describing the kind of lifestyle that drop-outs and hippies experimented with in the 1950s as a reaction to conservative American lifestyles.
Were it not for the increased demand for these classes of luxurious and health/wellness-focused products, such resorts would not have become quite widespread. In fact, every aspect and nuance of these tourist facilities has been carefully designed to achieve levels of excellence that by far exceeds that sought by most wellness- and health-conscious consumers (Bookman & Bookman, 2007).
The book solely discusses the American and Chinese culture. Other cultures may appear in the discussion for the vitality of addressing these two cultures. The concept of culture, mostly, derives its meaning out of ethnic and racial inclinations. In this discussion, it is essential to provide a brief background of the author and a synopsis of the whole story.
Explain T. Adorno and M. Horkheimer’s critique of the culture industry and discuss whether these are still relevant for understanding cultural production today? Introduction As the name suggest, culture industry refers to production of culture in an industrial setting.
The importance of cultural industry is not merely limited to its economic capabilities (which is, of course, relatively strong); but also to the prominent role it has on the making and unmaking of peoples' identities, attitudes, values and lifestyles. The dynamics and complexities of the relationships between culture, creative industries and the political and economic development of societies have gained the attention of theorists and researchers from the mid-twentieth century itself.
Adorno argued that capitalism had become more well-established through its attack on the objective basis of revolutionary consciousness and through liquidation of the individualism that had been the basis of critical consciousness (Theodor Adorno, 2006).
as the science of origins is that process which, from opposing extremes, and from the apparent excesses of development, permits the emergence of the configuration of an idea as a totality characterized by the possibility of a meaningful juxtaposition of such antithesis inherent
For instance, he also shows mastery of wisdom and is always scheming in a way which ensures that he goes through whatever kind of adversity that faces him. During the war that was christened ‘Trojan’, for instance,
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