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The design of health and safety control system - Assignment Example

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A spray gun is to be used for the operation. The sewer chamber is accessed via a manhole cover at ground level in the middle of a field.
The operation is classified as confined space operation. Health and…
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The design of health and safety control system
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The design of health and safety control system

Download file to see previous pages... The levels of oxygen in confined spaces can be depleted when there is reaction between some soils and oxygen in the atmosphere; or release of gas such as carbon dioxide that can displace ambient air. Poisonous gases, fumes or vapours can built up in the sewer; enter from connecting pipes; or leak from other areas. Residues left on surface of walls can give off gas, fume, or vapour. Scraping before painting can give rise to particulates that can contaminate the ambient air. Spray painting can give rise to volatile organic compounds depending on the composition of the paint. Volatile organic compounds can have adverse health effects including cancer. The person conducting the operation is at major risk for adverse effects described above. Since the sewer is located below a field where cattle and sheep graze, an open sewer could be a fall hazard for these animals.
The control system for this operation includes barricades and procedures for confined space work. According to the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 hazards must be identified; risks assessed and precautions determined. According to the Confined Spaces Regulations 1997 presence of risks of serious injury as in the operation requires following a safe system of work, and putting in place adequate emergency measures before the start of work. The safe system of work is based on the operation described above. A supervisor should be given responsibility for ensuring that necessary precautions are observed for checking the safety at each stage and being present when the work is in execution. The operator must have sufficient experience in conducting painting work in confined spaces. A determination has to be made if there is the need to isolate the sewer, and it must be checked if the isolation is effective. Before entry cleaning is required to determine whether fumes do not develop from residues while work is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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The Design of Health and Safety Control Systems
Could the spraying be done by a robot, perhaps? These kinds of options must be considered in the first place before putting any human lives in jeopardy. It is the employer’s responsibility to ensure that all the safety guidelines are met before anything being done underground.
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There are two main types of harm that could occur from this operation. Firstly, the sewer chamber must be accessed via a manhole and stepladder. Falling off this stepladder into the chamber could cause severe physical damage or even death. Additionally, as the fumes are toxic and can cause drowsiness, these could cause injury also.
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