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For instance, capital punishment is virtually outlawed within the European Union. At the same time, it is aggressively defended by various domestic laws in the USA, the People’s Republic of China and even in many Islamic states (Hodgkinson and Rutherford, 1996).
That is to say, the practice of capital punishment has a rather haunting history. The modes and processes of such punishment were harsher with more severe consequences on the part of the offenders in comparison to today’s practices of capital punishment. However, this paper is not going to discuss those practices. More particularly, the paper focuses on the relevance of capital punishment in the present day scenario, which is more complicated with regard to taking into consideration the global institutions and laws such as the UN, Amnesty International, and Human Rights. It is important to note that although the prohibition on the application of capital punishment has been relatively well accepted internationally, more than half the population of the world live in countries where it is still practiced.
Capital punishment, to some extent, and in an effective way, has certain pros to consider, especially in the context of specific crimes. Although, the international human rights law has already gathered a faster and stronger pace in support of the implication on restricting death penalty under all circumstances. But developed countries like the United States of America still practice capital punishment with the belief that justice is the final word for crime and punishment, especially the heinous ones.
The applications of capital punishment are highly controversial. The primary issue over the practice of death penalty includes the debate whether it is the best way to stop crime completely or it is a violation of human rights. As for the statistical records, developed countries like the United States of America practices the use of capital punishment
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Considering the diversified nature of such punishment; some of them are deserved to be mentioned. In ancient and medieval ages crushing by elephants was considered to be one of the most practiced forms of capital punishment. Among the countries who had restored to this practice India might be the most infamous one.
As we enter the 21st century, it becomes apparent that many countries step into the new century after shedding off their old skins by discarding practices that seem cruel; Capital punishment is one such practice. Many states have abolished capital punishment as it no longer compliments their stance on certain topics for example; human rights.
Michigan, Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, District of Columbia, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, Maine, North Dakota, Minnesota, West Virginia, Iowa, and Vermont are the American states/places in which death penalty is prohibited. In all the other American states, death penalty is legal.
By examining the arguments on both sides and working to refute those arguments against it, the author is able to present a coherent and compelling set of arguments for continuing the practice; albeit with a few key adjustments. The question of whether or not a person supports or opposes the death penalty is an issue that attracts a great deal of attention currently in the United States.
These questions, and more, lead to the complexity of the death penalty debate. This paper will explore the moral reasoning for and against capital punishment, whilst taking into account two very different cases where the death penalty was used in the United States.
In any case, the data are readily available and researchers should be able to answer the question. Of course, this would not resolve the ethical issues surrounding the question, but that is another matter (Capital Punishment and Homicide: Sociological Realities and Econometric Illusions, 2004) Capital punishment or death penalty is one of the major controversial subjects in the current world.
It seldom applies to offenders of felony murder. Capital punishment has existed in The United states from since the time of the Common Law, when it was also applied to all American colonies before their independence. Even after the American Revolution, capital punishment was still maintained within the Anglo-American Common Law which emerged.
Only in few states such as Michigan, Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, District of Columbia, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, Maine, North Dakota, Minnesota, West Virginia, Iowa, and Vermont, it is prohibited whereas in all the other states the death penalty is legal. There are many arguments in favor and against death penalty.
There were many instances where punishments applied were successful in instilling fear in the minds of the people. But when the crime committed crossed the acceptable code of conduct according to the ruling society, punishments had to take a menacing and life snatching form. This was known as capital punishment.