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Different health organizations define rabies according to their respective perspectives. The Centers for Disease and Control Prevention (CDCP, 2010) define rabies as a “preventable viral disease of mammals most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal” (par. 1). The World Health Organization (WHO, 2010) states its meaning as “a zoonotic disease (a disease that is transmitted to humans from animals) that is caused by a virus” (par. 1). While the Mayo Clinic (Mayo Foundation, 2010) avers that “rabies is a deadly virus spread to people from the saliva of infected animals. The rabies virus is usually transmitted through a bite” (par. 1).
Integrating these definitions, rabies is found to be a deadly but preventable disease caused by a virus transmitted to humans through the saliva of infected animals. The animals clearly identified to contain the dreaded virus range from raccoons, bats, skunks, foxes, cats and dogs, among others.
As indicated in the definition, rabies is caused by a virus (of the genus Lyssavirus and family Rhabdoviridae) contracted through a bite from an infected animal. According to Fisher (2008, par. 9), “when the rabies virus enters muscles, it replicates locally and is then transported through peripheral sensory nerves to the spinal ganglia, where it replicates and travels up the spinal cord to the brain. The virus migrates to the gray matter of the brain and predominates in the neurons of the limbic system, midbrain, and hypothalamus. Efferent nerves transport virus to the acinar glands of the submaxillary salivary glands, where it achieves high concentration”.
People who live in rural areas are most at risk in contracting rabies. Children, most especially, those who play in the streets are at a higher risk of being bitten by stray dogs. Further, medical practitioners, such as veterinarians and wildlife researchers or specialists, need to be vaccinated to
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(Rabies Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Rabies Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1565721-rabies.
Some of the diseases that are vaccinated against include and not limited to; Diphtheria, Measles, measles, small pox, tetanus and polio among others. Vaccination is conducted through two main ways which include injection and administration through the mouth.
Vaccination was first developed by Edward Jenner, the first vaccine being against the deadly small pox, in the year 1796 (Ghaffar and Haqqi, Microbiology and Immunology On-line). It was he who coined the term 'vaccination'. The next vaccine was developed by Louis Pasteur against rabies in 1885, almost a century later.
Some of their common names are civet cat and polecat. There are five different species of North American skunk. They are: 1. Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) 2. Eastern spotted skunk (Spilogale putorius) 3. Western spotted skunk (Spilogale gracilis) 4. Hognose or Rooter skunk (Conepatus leucontus) and 5.
This study would particularly focus on the rabies disease, the virus that causes it, the preventive measures, the symptoms, the treatment, and the impacts that clearly give an understanding of the disease such that measures can be taken to protect and save people from this lethal disease. Rabies is caused by the Rabies virus, a member of Lyssavirus genus.
Characteristics and morphology The size of the rabies virus is approximately 60 nm ? 180 nm. The virus has an outer envelope, an internal protein core (nucleocapsid), and a bilayer of lipid covered with transmembrane glycoprotein spikes. The genome of the virus encodes five proteins, which are related with “either the viral envelope or the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex” (Rupprecht).
Viruses are the tiniest of organisms and yet they have the power and strength to attack all other organisms including human, animals, plants, bacteria, etc. The viruses are almost hundred times smaller than a bacteria cell which themselves are quite tiny.
The research paper is part of the categorical steps taken towards realizing and bringing out an ultimate response to the effects of the infection among human beings and other living animals like dogs and foxes. Moreover,
It occurs because of the enhanced perceptual organization that results in reduced informational load. The effects vary in the theoretical meaning of such an impact and its use in the design of visual elements and materials. When repetitions reduce the
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