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This flora in terms of biological diversity is under serious danger in spite of its importance. “Over 80% of the island has already been stripped of its native vegetation cover; the majority of this area is now very species-poor secondary grassland which is burnt annually and is subject to intense erosion.” (Du Puy & Moat 1998).
Madagascar forests have been degraded in such a way that now only less than 10% of its original forest cover is remaining. The intention of this article is to bring awareness on conservation efforts of evergreen forests of the high plateau, littoral forest and western dry deciduous forest. There are few forest recovery programs under conservation efforts in different forest types of Madagascar. These ecosystems urgently require toughened conservation programs due to their fragmented natural world. Forest fragmentation is causing a decrease in genetic diversity and is leading to an extinction path. The evergreen forest of high plateau is one of the high priority areas for plant conservation which is known as severely fragmented remnant forest. Recently, this forest was subjected to timber extraction which resulted in damage to its structure and integrity. Also some fragments of this forest have been significantly burned.
In this forest, Madagascar’s most threatened, endangered species Schizolaena tampoketsana is found. Schizolaena tampoketsana, locally known as Sohisaka, belongs to one of the six endemic plant families. The reason behind endangered Sohisaka is selective felling of trees and burning from wild fires which are common in this region annually.
Littoral forests are humid, low elevation forests on sand which have been identified as the most threatened vegetation type in Madagascar. It is along the east coast of Madagascar where the forests are highly degraded and fragmented that represents less than 10% of original area. In this forest, Madagascar’s
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These natural communities in which varieties of living species exist are referred to as Biodiversity. Biodiversity thus encompasses all the plants and animals in a habitat and all the processes therein, which sustain and support their life and enhance their chances of survival.
Name: Instructor’s name: Subject: Date of submission: Biodiversity Biodiversity is a term that is used to refer to multiple levels of biological organization (Alkemade, Shrestha, and Trisurat 13). These include genetic, species and ecological diversity. The protection of biodiversity is a means of conservation.
The policy strategies are supposed to be reviewed for the process of biodiversity to be effective. Assessment depends on the reliable evidence and comprises of the results of monitoring to detect and quantify the climatic changes which are occurring from time to time.
Madagascar is 587,040 km2 in total area. It is the world's fourth largest island after Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo. From north to south, the island extends over 13 degrees of latitude, from 12 S to about 25.5 S, and measures 1600 km, making it slightly larger than the state of California (Goodman and Benstead, 21).
Starting off from the 1980s the authors study the rate of biodiversity loss and the effect that it has heard as well as possible further consequences. From the study, some of the resultant aftermaths of the loss of biodiversity include lack of efficiencies by
million years ago and over the next 45 million years, Madagascar kept drifting up to 250 miles toward the northeast to reach its present location (“About Madagascar”). Humans arrived on Madagascar for the first time nearly 2000 years ago and King Andianampoinimerina united
safety, and they include governmental organizations that have the authority to prosecute violations of environmental regulations that are committed within their jurisdictions. The intergovernmental organizations, which is part of the multinational organization such as the
sity in the area not only promotes the existence of the local businesses, but also acts as attraction for tourism thus help in boosting the net income of the county, a fact that is important for the livelihood of the residents of the area (Chivian, pp. 63-91).
The existence of
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