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And still it turns out to be a psychological novel that can marvel any European novels of that time .The advantage of the novel in traditional Chinese literature was that, it only held a peripheral position in the literary system. Thus novelists could explore new themes with more freedom, from which the orthodox modes of writing shied away. “The story of the Stone” is a typical example of a novel exploring poetically the unorthodox themes, of romantic, passionate love and emotions in the Chinese classical literature.
In its opening itself the novel introduces the main theme of passionate love. It begins by telling the reader about a magical stone that can move by its own, change size and can even talk. It was cast off from the heavens by the Goddess Nu-Wa who was repairing the sky with stones. This particular stone was the only excess one left when she finished her work. The stone had magical qualities because it had been touched by a Goddess. The magical stone was distained to be incarnated into a human being. As the stone waits for its future destiny, near a pond it falls in love with a flower. The theme of love is thus introduced at the very beginning of the novel. The stone gets incarnated as the minor noble man Jia Bao-yu of the influential Jia family, a cultured wealthy family in early Qing dynasty China. The flower gets incarnated as Lin Dai –yu who is related to the Jia family but is a commoner. The novel centers around these two teenagers, who though unaware of their heavenly origins, try to come to grips with the human destiny on earth through very ordinary daily events in their lives.
The caricature of Jin-Bao-yu is interesting and unique. He is the heir to the family. He is handsome, but very impertinent. The heir of the family should get very high education and pass the civil service examinations. But he is a spoilt boy, spoiled by his grand mother. While all boys of his age study, he spends time in the women’s quarters enjoying the
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As a painter he successfully managed to create optic illusions revealing the transience as well as the naturalness of the things. Indeed, his poems convey a sense of spontaneity. The aim of this essay is to discuss the issue of spontaneity and naturalness in Wang Wei's two poems “Written Crossing the Yellow River to Qing-he” and “Watching a Hunt” (Owen 386).
This song provides evidence how, through known shamanistic tradition, shamans conduct joyful celebration which summons over the deity who then becomes equally delighted. Heavy with imagery pertaining to the extravagance of feast-filled worship, phrases and words as ‘jade are the hilt-guards’, ‘jades weight the corners’, and ‘proffer cinnamon wind and peppered beers’, it concretely describes a form of worship in festive abundance.
They were least bothered about their state and therefore did not bother to prove of any benefit but these Chinese writers were the ones who were enlightened and worked to develop awareness amongst this great nation. Miraculously things changed and revolutionized China completely (cavalli, pg 25).
Indeed, according to the Chinese traditions, proper appreciation of the spirit and meaning of ritual is essential to the practice of ritual. In addition, the state rituals manifest the fact that the performance of outward forms and roles trains one’s mind, temperament.
In the Chinese context it would be apt to say that the literature and the politics happen to be intricately intertwined. Under the rule of Mao Zedong the role of literature in the Chinese society and politics was promptly defined. However, with the reinvention of China under the following regimes the literary creativity also evinced a mark shift of focus.
But this doctrine can be pursued more extensively and the notion of the Sage King can be examined usefully. The Sage King is an individual who is not only wise in the philosophical ways of the world, but who has enough power to implement his
“Cao Cao Short Song” is in The Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Several accounts exist about the Battle of Red Cliff. One is The Romance of the Three Kingdoms and the other primary one is Three Kingdoms: A Historical Novel. The first novel is a romantic and mystical account of the Battle of Red Cliff, whereas the second is a more accurate account.
One of the concepts that Wang portrays is the idea of division that is beginning to unite, specifically with the idea of east meeting west. The characters, rhetoric and plot line become a symbol toward this concept