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Prior to the 1970s, such risks were left to the companies to handle and there was minimal intervention from the federal government by way of work safety-related policies and regulatory standards. By the late 1960s, workplace accidents resulted to the death of an average 14,000 workers per year while an estimated two million more were harmed or disabled. Furthermore, there was too little known about the health effects of the variety of chemicals that were being churned out of factories even as environmental advocates have been raising the alarm on the possible dangers of exposure. This disturbing rates and figures prompted President Nixon to sign the Occupational Safety and Health Act in Dec. 17, 19701.
The enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) marked the first time that a federal program was established to protect and ensure the health and safety of the entire country’s work force by reducing job-related illness, injury, disability, accidents, and death. Then-Secretary of Labor James Hodgson’s first step was to establish the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), a special agency within the United States Department of Labor tasked to implement and enforce the said Act; OSHA was established effective April 28, 19712.
In order to carry out the mission which it was set out for, OSHA had to start from scratch, using the Bureau of Labor Standards as the nucleus from which to build up the program3. The OSH Act also established the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) as the agency to conduct researches on known and possible work-related safety and health problems and to recommend regulatory standards which OSHA should consider based on their findings; as well as that, NIOSH was also to provide technical assistance to OSHA4.
OSHA’s principal client groups are mainly organized labor and the business community; as such, they have played active roles
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(Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 Words)
“Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1564290-occupational-safety-and-health-osha.
This occupational safety and health program also protects employers, family members, co-workers and other who can be affected due to inadequate workplace environment. Occupational safety and health law is important for legal, financial and moral reasons. It is the responsibility of the organizations to take care the health and safety aspects of the employees.
As a regulatory policy, its main goal is to ensure that employers provide employees with an environment free from recognized hazards, such as exposure to toxic chemicals, excessive noise levels, mechanical dangers, heat or cold stress, or unsanitary conditions.
OSHA being the facilitator body provides large amount of funds in this regard and takes the responsibility of covering certain percentage of costs which are incurred in fulfilling these requirements.
A sub section 18 is specifically allocated to the States in order to
the OS&H professional, important concerns would include the nature of injuries sustained by the hourly employees and their health condition as well as an inquiry into the cause of the incident. I would also seek out information relating to the employer’s efforts in risk
Section 5 (a) part 1, of the occupational safety act observes that employers must put in place measures that would guarantee work place security, to their employees. Employers must minimize risks that are likely to cause deaths, or serious body injuries (Reich, 6).
th issues in the workplace emerge from time to time, making it necessary for an agency like OSHA to undertake its mandate effectively and efficiently. OSHA is charged with the responsibility of ensuring that working conditions are safe and healthful for workers.
It is important
According to the safety regulations, gas cylinders must be secured in a vertical position and must be kept far from the welding activity. Otherwise, the worker must wear fire resistant shields for protection (osha.gov, 1996).
It is also
The plan provides a platform for communicating a defined set of expectations regarding the results that OSHA aims to achieve and the strategies that would be undertaken by them. OSHA will adjust the plan if necessitates and will use the plan to
ting as well as evaluating health and safety program that is comprehensive and able to maintain and enhance health, increase productivity and improve safety (OSHA 1). Programs that are usually designed, provide the same results to the workers families that provide financial and
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
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