Nobody downloaded yet

Critically evaluate the utilitarian position that an action is right if and only if it maximizes the greatest good for the greatest number. Are the arguments used to support this position successful Why or why not - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that takes as its standard of value the greatest pleasure to the greatest number, where the greatest pleasure is measured in terms of the concept of “utility”. This theory of moral action treats the consequences of an action as more…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96% of users find it useful
Critically evaluate the utilitarian position that an action is right if and only if it maximizes the greatest good for the greatest number. Are the arguments used to support this position successful Why or why not
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Critically evaluate the utilitarian position that an action is right if and only if it maximizes the greatest good for the greatest number. Are the arguments used to support this position successful Why or why not"

Download file to see previous pages Pleasure is a subjective facet of individual experience, and cannot be directly compared in quality, only in quantity, between people. Thus, an action is moral if and only if it maximizes pleasure. This runs in contrast to Kantian and deontological ethical theories that place value not in its results, but in its conformity to the universal, categorical imperatives governing human action. But while deontological theories are not without their due criticism, utilitarian theses in the field of ethics deserve critical scrutiny as well, and they have received this scrutiny since the 19th century when such theories were first popularized. While utilitarianism holds some merits as an alternative to deontic and virtue ethics, the theory itself rests upon a number of false premises that ultimately undermine the strength and integrity of any complete system based upon the consequentialist attitude.
Utilitarianism, under this characterization, seems to constitute nothing more than a primitive hedonism in which individuals fight and compete to satisfy their transient, fleeting desires for pleasures and happiness. However, John Stewart Mill’s development of the utilitarian thesis suggests that because a human being is capable of higher pleasures, and a wider range of them, the happiness of a pig is not on the same level even as the unhappiness of a human being based on the range of difference of the subjective experience (Mill 94). But while Mill’s formulation of utilitarianism holds to the value of human happiness, it remains a form of hedonism that runs contrary to many modern individuals’ intuitive notion of what it means to be moral. Utilitarianism, however, in its initial formulation, does not require a defense of utility in order for the theory to succeed, for it is also the case people intuitively agree with the principle of utility, saying that happiness-maximization is what all people desire. As a form of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Critically evaluate the utilitarian position that an action is right Essay”, n.d.)
Critically evaluate the utilitarian position that an action is right Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1564225-critically-evaluate-the-utilitarian-position-that-an-action-is-right-if-and-only-if-it-maximizes-the-greatest-good-for-the-greatest-number-are-the-arguments-used-to-support-this-position-successful-why-or-why-not
(Critically Evaluate the Utilitarian Position That an Action Is Right Essay)
Critically Evaluate the Utilitarian Position That an Action Is Right Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1564225-critically-evaluate-the-utilitarian-position-that-an-action-is-right-if-and-only-if-it-maximizes-the-greatest-good-for-the-greatest-number-are-the-arguments-used-to-support-this-position-successful-why-or-why-not.
“Critically Evaluate the Utilitarian Position That an Action Is Right Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1564225-critically-evaluate-the-utilitarian-position-that-an-action-is-right-if-and-only-if-it-maximizes-the-greatest-good-for-the-greatest-number-are-the-arguments-used-to-support-this-position-successful-why-or-why-not.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Fostering the Greatest Happiness for the Greatest Number of People
...to achieve the greatest happiness through morally accepted actions whilst at the same time shunning down the morally wrong actions that only yields to unhappiness. Based on the basic idea of utilitarianism, the greatest happiness principle as identified by John Stuart Mill is that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (Habibi, 1998). In this principle happiness is when there is no pain and unhappiness is where there is no pleasure and instead a lot of pain. Therefore, making the greatest...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Five greatest U.S. presidents
...rallying speeches in American history in the wake of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. His leadership was largely responsible for the Allied victory, and catapulted America toward its Post War Superpower status that it still retains to this day. Roosevelt essentially led the world in its greatest struggle against evil and tyranny, and prevailed. George Washington George Washington certainly makes the list of the five greatest Presidents in American history by virtue of his leadership in establishing the precedent for what the Presidency would become. His discretion and foresight helped him set just the right tone for the scope executive of executive power. Washington had the wisdom...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
My Greatest Achievement
...My greatest achievement Accomplishment is on the definition as the measure of maximum realization of desire; wish or even ambition. My first life-changing experience is when i participated in the campaign organized by the Red Cross Group of my home district, with the aim of providing a free health check to impoverished people in my home town. I am on assignment helping other groupmembers to distribute medicine to the natives. Learning needs of the folks in my place and having my evaluation on possible solutions and aid that I can render to these people. I believe it to be the most outstanding because I attained it through passion and heartily desire. I have accomplished this through hard work inspired...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Position arguments on immigration
...Part One. Immigration: Analyzing its Positive Cultural Implications Introduction While there are numerous factors affecting the immigration phenomena in the European countries and the U.S., globalization has indeed influenced majority of migrants to leave their country in order to get a better life, stay away from domestic violence and wars, or even to realize one’s ideological pursuits. The concept of ‘global community’ has never been this strong, thanks to the increasing number of immigrants fleeing to these developed countries. And it is not difficult to highlight the benefits of such movement of people—particularly, in the enrichment of the host country’s human capital. Given the socio-cultural...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Affirmative Action (Position Paper)
...for students either minority or white to study about cultures of other people”. In order to implement the affirmative actions bodies such as UCLA and JROTC have programs in schools that aim to support students of color (O’Connell 78). Approaches to affirmative action in terms of Catholic and Protestant applicants for the police service of the U.S, the legal ability has laid down strategies that could see the government of European Union engage in positive action towards the issue of employment. Racial discrimination in regards to employment has been evident U.S mlitary a long time. This has forced the members of the entire States to introduce...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
The Greatest Threat
...with greater insight into this intelligence game plays. The publication used also gives the details of some of the cases arrested and prosecute by the spies agencies both in America and overseas. Lastly, it will look at the different countries intelligence agencies and how each is a threat to America national security. The security and intelligence dimension of the three countries, Russia china and Iran will be examined. China is the country posing the greatest threat to U.S. national security. Many analyst and official are unanimous that there is increased china growing appetite for secrets. United States is faced with a number of critical challenges from abroad;...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Greatest Communicator
...that the audience needs to enjoy the speech. Use of gestures like Bill Clinton ensures that the audience gets information clearly as well as enjoys the speech. Moreover, involving the audience in the presentation of speech makes them ride along. Direct eye contact is vital in enhancing emphasis to a given statement or speech. Moreover, it ensures that the audience’ attention does not get diverted. Bill Clinton’s good communication skills influence individual’s speech especially those in leadership positions. Clinton’s speech helps individuals choose their words wisely especially when conveying information to a crowd. Usually, personal presentation plays a crucial role in speech...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Greatest Communicator
...Greatest communicator Greatest communicator Introduction Communication is a vital tool in our daily lives. Good communication entails various qualities and characteristics. Good communicator passes information clearly to the audience and at the same time gets the attention of the audience. A good communicator knows how to use verbal and non-verbal cues and in so doing gets to excite his or her audience. Some of the characteristics of a good communicator entail using gestures in the course of communication, maintaining an eye contact with the audience and using stories in the when communicating with the audience. It should also be known that a good communicator has effective listening skills. Uncle Moe is a notable speaker whose... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Position Arguments on Immigration
...Position Arguments on Immigration Introduction Owing to combat the menace of immigrants, one of the chief questions global analysts have come up with concerning this immigration challenge revolves on how globalization is taking part in propelling it (Johnson 137). A portion of the analysts has concluded that the best possible methodology for resolving immigration hazard is to deal with income imbalance among individuals living in U.S.A and those in developing nations. A group of analysts advocate for free trade in Mexico and Latin America affirming that free trade is one of the most excellent options in elevating the rates of economy empowerment and stability in developing countries (137). According to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Position Arguments on Immigration
...Position Arguments on Immigration Introduction La Migra (157) in voice asserts that development blended with extended financial and educational options (or opportunities), elevated border misdemeanour, and reduced families—is restricting the illegitimate traffic and the immigrants eradication in United States of America. Steve Breen (160) affirms in Help Wanted—stop Illegal immigration that the most pre-eminent method of rectifying the immigration challenges involve addressing the remuneration of the U.S.A citizens altogether with individuals inhabiting the developing nations. Steve Breen (160) points out some of these central immigration setbacks such as political tussles and dissension, multiplex...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Critically evaluate the utilitarian position that an action is right if and only if it maximizes the greatest good for the greatest number. Are the arguments used to support this position successful Why or why not for FREE!
Contact Us