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Culture is the representation of the mode of thinking of the national leaders and the people. Politics, on the other hand, is the expression of such mode of thinking, which can be seen in the manner state and economic policies are created and implemented. Therefore, while economy may be most visible base, one that serves as the gauge whether the country is moving forward or not, it is actually the superstructure of politics and culture that promotes and protects it. However, economy, the base, is the reflection of political and cultural realities too. The superstructure and the base have a dialectical relationship.
Because of the diversity in the political and cultural conditions of each country, following a particular economic growth model does not always produce the desired results. Despite the success of the East Asian model, which Japan, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan have become renowned for, not all countries in East and Southeast Asia absolutely imitate its standards and procedures. Again, this is because of the difference of the political and cultural conditions of each. Essentially the East Asian model suggests the establishment of a strong state first and foremost as the requirement for economic growth. The Philippines, ever since it was granted independence by the United States, has been making an effort in making itself as a strong republic. At the same time, it has been opening itself to foreign trade and investments at degrees oftentimes even much higher than its now industrialized and financially stable neighbors in East and Southeast Asia. While it tries to emulate the ‘dragon economies’ in the arena of governmental functions, it has, however, failed to realize economic strategies that bear the hallmarks of the East Asian model. As a result, the Philippine state has only become stronger at the expense of the people’s civil and political rights but the economy has not achieved any significant level of progress. It used
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Carlos Bulosan’s America is in the Heart and Milton Murayama’s All am Asking for is My Body present clear and harrowing experiences and the conditions that these groups faced in the pursuit of the American dream. They address the foundation of most of the minority labor relation and rights that minority Americans have fought for over the years The migration of Asian to America was mostly a result of colonialism in their continent and the response to the shortage of labor in the United States, especially the West.
Compare them to the goals of the CR discussed in Gittings chapters on the CR. The Cultural Revolution in China is a very controversial issue. Lots of historians try to analyze and assess the significance and consequences of the policy launched by an odious personality in China’s history Mao Zedong.
Her views are derived from the history that the Chinese government has of suppression of the revolts that have happened in the past. She specifies the effects of the revolt that happened in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, which led to the infamous firing that resulted in the deaths of innumerable men, young and old.
The Chinese media’s future as a responsible form of reporting news shall depend on its ability to circumvent the guidelines that are set by the government. Southern Metropolis Daily was able to do this in the story that they published about the Chinese government’s inability to prevent and control SARS.
However, the primary impetus to ensuring regionalism and integration of East Asia calls for cooperation between the states in a broader range of areas which would in turn greatly simplify the realization of a more comprehensive, cooperative, and stable regional community.
These governments continue to perceive these civil society organisations as threats rather than a link to enhanced democratisation in the country. This has had detrimental impact on the autonomy of these organisations to express their views and denied them any influence over the state decisions.
The economic weakness had more serious consequences to the upcoming market. Most of these emerging market economies were adversely impacted on and at the end collapsed. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) tried though it delayed in helping to curb the problem but recovery was observed at a faster rate even if still the situation has not been properly eradicated.
Indeed, very few attempts were made to modernise this country prior to the 1970s under the leadership of President Deng Xiaopang.
One of the reasons for Chinese relatively slow path to modernisation was based on its belief in Confusian
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