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Prevailing climate is hot and tropical with average temperature of 22°C and average humidity of 78%. There is also considerable wind exposure due to its location. From December to March, trade winds can reach average speeds of 20 km/h with peaks as high as 74 km/h. During the rest of the year, winds has an average speed of 10 km/h. Annual rainfall on the site is 1.9 m falling mostly during the rainy season of May to December. Hurricanes are not common but are damaging when they do pass by the country.
Holcim wanted to create an office building in Costa Rica which highlighted their commitment to green buildings and sustainable construction. The design would have to comply with the five principles of sustainable construction set forth by the foundation. These are as follows:
Ecological quality and conservation – common building projects are not only wasteful during construction but also in its entire service. Sustainable buildings should be made of durable and energy efficient materials and system thru the use of environmental energy.
Economic performance and compatibility – building projects pose a significant investment. Sustainable buildings are those that realize savings in its long term performance thru the use of free natural energy.
These five core principles form Holcim’s sustainable building objectives and formed the basis for the design concept of its office in Costa Rica. There were many ideas offered by architectural firms but the one that stood out was the proposal made by the firm of Bruno Stagno. The architect had in mind the idea of ‘passive building, active people’. Stagno argued that people usually relied on building systems such as mechanical air conditioning systems for making the indoor environment more comfortable hence making them passive. The Lead Architect wanted an office wherein people are actively engaged in control of
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We try to estimate various tools and concepts that give rise to similar results. In the process the notion of cultural diversity and varying climatic condition and socio-economic back grounds are often over looked. This paper makes an attempt to try to analyze ways in which such innovative technology could be made universal.
Achieving Sustainable Development in Construction Introduction The construction industry has evolved into one of the powerful economic sectors in the country, given its immense contribution to the economy (Porritt, N.d). Due to this fact, the sector has become competitive and in the process, it has led to prosperity and growth of the economy.
3 a)Explain briefly rational for planning tourism development. 3 b)Discuss how stakeholders can benefit from planning of tourism development 3 c)Discuss advantages and disadvantages of public and private sector planning partnerships. 4 Understand the different approaches to tourism planning and development 6 a)Understand the features of tourism development planning at different levels.
Therefore, architecture has not only the duty to create functional and well designed spaces but also to provide possibilities to animate human instincts and habits by interacting with all of the human senses’(Steudte, 2007, Conclusion). The design of intelligent buildings applies to both form and function—the practical use of a structure as well as its aesthetic appearance.
This is damaging the environment and increasing the temperature of the world. Oceans are melting and seal levels are increasing. This phenomenon is known as global warming. The dangerous consequences of such climatic change are forcing the world to come up with techniques that are environmental friendly.
The biggest benefit of green buildings is that they ensure the well-being of humans. According to the U.S. EPA, three most fundamental objectives of the programs centered on green building are “to increase efficiency in the use of water, energy; to protect the health and increase the productivity of the building’s residents; and to reduce pollution and waste”.
She stated that she preferred oral and hands-on work. An assessment was conducted to assist in determining her academic difficulties and course of treatment.
Susie reported growing up in Guangzhou, China. She was the only child and living with her mother.
ent of all the aluminium generated, and regardless of the suitability of aluminium, there are still some concerns for the reason that the Planners as well as the authorities vacillate to quickly accept aluminium as a building material,
In this scenario, artificial intelligence that is a significant field of computing is being used to develop intelligent buildings. Basically, the objective of developing intelligent building is to offer a creative and less expensive
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