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no particular poverty lines, which makes hinders the efforts to identify the appropriate interventions to reduce poverty among the most vulnerable groups (McQuillan & Ravanera, 66).
Lee observes that poverty rose by 28.6% between 1990 and 1995 when there was a notable increase (6.1%) in the country’s total population (57). This increase was far more than economic growth in the country within that period. The metropolitan urban areas such as Montreal and Vancouver among others are inhabited by majority of the poor. Poverty among children and the youth, the aged and women is high which is indicator of the impact of poverty in the country due to the fact that children and the youth are the majority in the nation’s population. Majority of people with low levels of education such as below secondary are poor, even though there are more than 8% of poor people in cities who have attained post secondary education. The level of skills is also a major determinant of the poverty prevalence in the country, with the people with low skills being vulnerable to poverty (Beaujot & Kerr, 78).
The country is faced with extensive layoffs as well as a reduction in permanent employment, downsizing in companies and declining social assistance rates. These have contributed to the rising levels of poverty. Globalization has significantly contributed to these occurrences especially with the improvements in communication, transport network as well as liberalization of trade, which has led to increased competition for the Canadian industries. Investors shifted their investment to the third world countries that apart from the low competition provide cheap labor compared to the Canadian labor force. This led to the closure of most companies in the country, thereby reducing employment opportunities especially for the unskilled labor (Liu & Kerr, 116). Moreover, there is an increasing trend towards computerization of most operations in many organizations, which is another major factor that
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The interference of the Canadian and American sociology is presented further on in the article. Geographical position, economic and cultural ties between Canada and America have challenged the reflection of the discipline of sociology in Canada. On the example of Michael Burawoy’s essay “For Public Sociology” the Canadian society attitude to the discipline is reflected.
Perhaps Canadians continually ponder over this question since they are incessantly developing as a country. Conceivably, it is because of the sentiments that the globe is closer to home than ever before. In essence, diversity has been an issue in the "Quebecois" nation creating a distinct social phenomenon that redefines the social diversity context of the nation (Soeters & Meulen, 2007).
Shipler describes the challenges in the families of the working poor. Shipler’s seeks to define poverty and expose the poor families in America living in the shadows of prosperity (Shipler 11). Shipler’s book challenges the American myth that suggests hard work is the way out of poverty.
Thus Marxism approaches history in a manner that explains the situation present in many countries today (Mclellan 2007). History is seen as a source of conflict between three different sources, each trying to survive. Amongst this are the different social classes which include the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, the development in the factors of production such as labor force and technology and last institutions themselves that enforce this materialistic concept onto society.
The basic discussion of the article is on the state of the working poor in America who are finding it difficult to make ends meet as they try to engage in the social fabric of our country. It also discusses the issues our government and society as well as business organizations which have been dealing with this segment of society.
or many, daily toil is actually the road to nowhere, because after decades of hard work, they find themselves in exactly the same place, if not worse off, than before. The lower, and increasingly the middle, economic classes, are experiencing material hardship they previously
The country of Canada is a federation and consists of ten provinces and three territories. The parliamentary democracy along with a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II governs the country. Both English and French are