It is occurring in epidemic proportions is the world. Childhood obesity is a matter of concern because of the potential health problems it is associated with like hypertension and other cardiovascular problems, type-2…
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Hence it is very important to prevent and manage childhood obesity appropriately. Research has shown that increased physical activity is a useful intervention to prevent and manage. Whether such an intervention is appropriate or not can be ascertained by literature search and critical review of the articles. Making clinical decisions based on appropriate evidence is known as Evidence based practice. According to McKibbon (1998), " "Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an approach to health care wherein health professionals use the best evidence possible, i.e. the most appropriate information available, to make clinical decisions for individual patients. EBP values, enhances and builds on clinical expertise, knowledge of disease mechanisms, and pathophysiology. It involves complex and conscientious decision-making based not only on the available evidence but also on patient characteristics, situations, and preferences. " Literature search for EBP can be done effectively by creating appropriate question in PICO format. In this essay, the usefulness of increased physical activity in preventing and managing childhood obesity will ascertained through review of appropriate literature using suitable electronic databases.
The commencement of search in electronic databases was based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria and knowledge of the hierarchies of evidence. As Benton & Cormack (2000) mentioned, electronic databases are resourceful in presenting large amounts of recently published literature. To consider what articles must be included in the review to make the review more authentic and reliable, knowledge on the different levels of accorded studies is essential. The different levels of studies are called hierarchy. Hierarchy provides a confidence measure to the end-user (Evans, 2003). According to Evans (2003), random control trials can be considered of good standard and they are infact labeled as the gold standard of research for providing
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The author identifies the major social factors that contribute to obesity in children in Australia and the effects of obesity on the health and well-being of the affected children. The paper also evaluates the issue of interaction of the contributory social factors and the impact of this interaction on the complexity of the child obesity problem.
However, in the beginning of this century prevalence of obesity in adults, adolescents, and children has reached epidemic proportions (Henry & Royer, 2004).
The growth of obese children population is especially disturbing. Obesity rates have doubled in children ages 2- 5 years and tripled in children ages 6-11 (IOM, 2004).
Childhood obesity and overweight are a matter of concern because of the potential health problems they are associated with like hypertension, type-2 diabetes, respiratory ailments, orthopedic problems, trouble sleeping and depression (Noller and Paulk, 2005).
It is the second leading cause of preventable death after smoking." According to "Obesity", Severe overweight increases the risk for high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes and, hence, for diseases for which these conditions are risk factors (diabetes, coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, neurological disorders, cancers, and kidney diseases).
Obesity is not a simple case of lack of control, poor eating habits or lack of physical activity. Nor is it a simple case of heritability. Unfortunately, because the underlying causes for the disease are poorly understood, an effective treatment to cure the disease has yet to be defined.
d sedentary lifestyle, two major contributory factors in childhood obesity, can be countered at an early stage with better food and more physical activities in schools.
According to the World Heart Federation (2007) the dramatic worldwide surge in childhood obesity may be the
The author of this essay aims to analyze the causes of the obesity among kids of the UK and healthcare in London. This paper specifically analyzes the issue of child obesity in the London borough of Lewisham. Studies reveal that obese children are affected by a range of emotional as well as psychological problems.
Most obese people have an additional chronic disease such as hypertension. Childhood obesity has become rampant, with the youth now accounting for nearly half of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes cases. Obesity is
Also, proper nutrition is instrumental in speeding up the recovery process in case of injury or infection. The target population will be students in lower level education institutions such as high schools and primary schools. In
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