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Even though, the architecture of dream is somewhat understandable, it is still difficult to know what information being processed and its outcome. For example, two persons who undergone the same experience during day time need not see the same dream during the night. So we cannot conclude anything about the input information processing and its outputs.
Sigmund Freud has argued that days residues are memory traces left by the events and psychic processes of the waking state; they are used as raw material by the dream-work that serves the wishes of the dreamer. According to Freud, the days residues, in combination with sensory impressions occurring during sleep, constitute the "raw material" for dream (Days Residues)
Consider a criminal has approached us with a machine gun and tried to kill us and we escaped even though many people were killed. Such a frightening experience would definitely create frightening dreams during night time in different ways. On the other hand consider we have attended a happy ceremony like wedding or birthday party. The pleasant day experiences may develop pleasant dreams during nigh time. The nature and characteristics of these dreams would be different for different people even though all of them undergo the same experience during day time.
Oldham’s interpretation of dreams is only partly right. He is saying that re-examination of daily events is the most common type of dream. In fact we are not deliberately doing anything to re-examine the daily events. It happens automatically. Moreover this re-examination of day events may not happen always or may not convert into dreams always. Instead of giving a proper example for day residue dreams, Oldham casually explains what to or how to dream.
Autumn Gregory’s explanation of dreams is more realistic compared to Oldham’s explanation. Gregory’s argument about the processing of day information by brain as the the root cause of dream seems to be more logical.
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200). Two of the major types of memory that researchers have identified are implicit and explicit memory. In terms of implicit memory, the text gives an example wherein a kitchen is pictured. Inside the kitchen is a rabbit. Upon seeing a rabbit in the kitchen the viewer immediately realizes that it is out of place.
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Much of what Asch concludes through the experiments links directly to psychological disorders prevalent in studies conducted over time. Therapies suggested for such disorders and favored by given psychologists often differ. An analysis of Asch’s study, its results, and a discussion of disorders themselves and suggested therapies provide a crucial connection and insight into methods of assessment and treatment of behavior.
When I reflect on my intellectual growth and development throughout the semester I recognize that there are a number of areas in which I have changed my thought process regarding individuals with abnormal or deviant behavior. Admittedly, my understanding of psychology was somewhat naive.
Rewards are significant motivators for the directive drive to achieve particular objectives. This paper addresses the question of why external rewards may at times backfire. It also highlights the appropriate times for applying external and internal rewards for maximum effectiveness.
Based on this assumption, the environment plays a crucial role in the formation of one’s personality, so it disregards both conscious and the unconscious. Since learning theory of personality strongly focuses on the environment, it identifies personality to be both resilient and flexible throughout the entire life of a person.
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Mental processes can occur both consciously and unconsciously. The difference in mental processes is the reason
For example they might have heard the words like walked, cooked, discovered, frightened, and mocked like words with the extension “ed” at the end to represent a past action. In fact most of the English words use ed as the
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