as a polis with power concentrated in the aristocracy. By the 6th century B.C., however, the many poor rose up against the rich, and after a period of unrest, the Athenians agreed to designate Solon as their mediator in order for an…
Download file to see previous pages...
reated four classes which each had a set of rights and duties: they were, in order of decreasing wealth, the Pentacosiomedimni, Hippeis, Zeugitae, Thetes). These classes formed groups that eventually became the governmental bodies in a democracy. First of these bodies was the Ecclesia or Assembly, where all citizens, whatever their designation, were entitled to participate. The Ecclesia became the sovereign body, whose task it was to promulgate laws and decrees, elect officials, and hear appeals from the courts.
The second group was the Boule of 400, the council of citizens tasked to run the day-to-day affairs of the city and prepare the business of the Ecclesia. Only citizens from the upper three classes could qualify to be a member of the Boule, and membership was bestowed by election. Each citizen was entitled to serve for only one year, and may serve only twice in his lifetime. Every month, 50 men are chosen by the boule of 500 from among themselves to served in the prytany (the leaders of the Boule), and every day a new leader is chosen by the 50 from among themselves. Except for holidays, the Boule met every day.
Another group, the archons or magistrates was reserved for the two higher income groups, and they occupied the higher governmental post. The retired archons then comprised the Areopagus, who oversaw and called attention to any improper actions of the Ecclesia (Kurt A. Raaflaub, Josiah Ober, and Robert W. Wallace, Origins of democracy in ancient Greece, 2007). The laws eventually created by the Ecclesia eliminated slavery of Athenians by Athenians, established rules and procedures for legal redress against abusive archons, and determined political privilege based on productive wealth rather than noble birth.
This early democratic system was eventually adapted by the Romans. Many of the basic principles of rule by the people were adopted; Rome had its Senate which took the place of the Assembly, and its decimviri took the place of the boule.
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
It occurs in conditions that related to blood stasis and peripheral vasoconstriction, causing peripheral oxygen extraction, such as circulation shock, congestive heart failure, peripheral circulation abnormalities, or exposure to cold temperatures. Peripheral cyanosis is characterized by purple or bluish discoloration of the affected areas and peripheral vasoconstriction (American psychiatrist Association, 234) The physiological rationale for administering oxygen.
All these fields analyze how human beings have been associating with the different areas over the years (Ferraro & Andreatta, 2012). Considering sociocultural anthropology in particular, it deals with the social patterns and practices in the different cultures.
Mailu, S (2004) argues that the mean is the better predictor of data characteristics since it shows the true picture of the spread, its tendency and its feel. The standard deviation from the data is a bit surprising since it
ssions of not having a solid ethical stance and the leading adverse consequences that can have on clients, workers as well as shareholders to the key executives. An ethics program of any reasonable value in general is associated with a legal department initiative which
It was not unusual for a student to take the examination several times before earning his degree. The examination included Chinese literature and philosophy. Passing the examination, however did not guarantee a government
The essay is all about getting the right knowledge in, with this module being effective and beneficial to me. It is written to share the thoughts and feelings, learning and all the tools and techniques learnt, put into practice, and be implemented. This
The Chinese military strength and administrative expertise stabilized China. Additionally, certain geographic factors like the Yangtze River that enhanced internal trade and the mountains and rivers that encouraged linguistic integration
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Module 5& Essay 1 for FREE!