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1). This disease often manifests through various patient-specific triggers, the most common of which include airborne allergens like dust mites, cockroaches, cat or dog dander and irritants like tobacco smoke (National Heart Lung and Blood Institute “Lung Diseases”). Asthma is a chronic disease and it can attack any time especially when the patient is exposed to any of the triggers. However, as compared to other chronic lung diseases, asthma is reversible. No treatment for the disease is yet available; nevertheless, it is considered a controllable disease (Schiffman, et.al., p. 1). With early treatment, the chances of controlling this disease are good and with proper treatment, asthmatic patients can actually have fewer and less severe attacks; however without treatment and with more frequent asthma bouts, asthma patients can die from the disease (Schiffman, et.al., p. 1). In the United States and other western nations, reports of increased incidence of this disease have been revealed. Scientists and researchers claim that factors which may have contributed to this increase may include: decreased exposure to infection which has made our immune system more sensitive to infection; more people spending more time indoors where exposure to mold and dust is higher; increased air pollution; sedate lifestyle and increased percentage of obese individuals (Shiffman, et.al., p. 1). Asthma also has a major impact on society as it is the disease which causes work and school absences more than any other disease; it is also the most common cause of emergency department visits and hospitalizations and it costs the US economy about $13 billion each year (Schiffman, et.al., p. 1).
Aside from the triggers previously mentioned above, the following are also considered risk factors for asthma: family history of asthma; frequent incidents of respiratory infections as a child; exposure to second hand smoke;
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The purpose of this research is to investigate the following: patho-physiology and pathology (mechanisms responsible for causing asthma; symptoms of asthma; types of asthma) and pre-hospital/medical management (diagnosis of asthma; family/medical history of the victim; taking a physical exam; the lung function test; the challenge test; treatment of asthma).
Chronic inflammation with remodelling of the bronchial tree leads to airway obstruction. The disease is more prevalent in young children than adults. Asthma can affect the quality of life and may impact psychologically on the growth and development of a child.
Asthma is a chronic inflammation of airways characterized by continuous and developing inflammatory process that later produces variable clinical presentation such as cough, wheezing etc. Acute inflammation results in broncho-spasm while chronic inflammation affects airway caliber and airflow, thus causing bronchial hyper-responsiveness.
Clinical history of Asthma 4.2 Physical examination of an asthmatic 4.3 Investigations to confirm the diagnosis of asthma 5 Management of asthma 5.1 Goals in management of asthma 5.2 Treatment and prevention 6 Conclusion and summary ASTHMA 1. Introduction 1.1 Definition.
Asthma is known to be a chronic disease, encompassing varied and frequent symptoms resulting in impediment of reversible airflow due to inflammation of inner walls of airways, generating sensitivity to irritations and thereby augments susceptibility to allergies.
In most difficult cases asthma becomes a strong concern for the whole health care area, as it might have fatal outcomes (respiratory failure, suffocation). The disease annually kills more than 5,000 people in the United States, and about 450, 000 Americans need hospital treatment for acute symptoms.
Asthma in Austrailia is among the highest in the world. It is estimated that 1 out 10 Australians, which is equivalent to over 2 million people in Australia live with Asthma. According to Health Insight 10-15% of all children and 10-12% of all adults
While some individuals find asthma to be simply a nuisance, it can become a life-threatening problem for others. Asthma cannot be cured, but there are treatments available for symptoms. The most typical treatments for asthma sufferers include a
The major cause of the disease is attributed to the inflammation of the bronchial passages and this in turn affects the sensitive nerve terminals resulting in their irritability and functional disruption. During an attack the
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