However, the scenario is slightly different in recent years as the workplace has seen a sudden increase in the use of electronic monitoring and surveillance devices. Today most jobs are being subjected to some kind…
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Electronic monitoring has been defined as "the computerized collection, storage, analysis, and reporting of information about employees productive activities" (Office of Technology Assessment, 1987). Employee monitoring has become much easier with the advent of new and cheap technologies. Electronic Monitoring and surveillance includes practices such as video and audio surveillance, monitoring employees’ usage of computer that includes checking of email, computer files and sometimes even keystroke speed.
There are many reasons for instituting monitoring and surveillance. According to the American Management Association some of the main reasons are: performance evaluation, compliance with federal and local laws, protection against legal liability and cost control of the use of company phone and internet. Security and protection of business information can be cited as other reasons.
There are several types of employee monitoring and surveillance systems. The most commonly used are 1)computer monitoring :With the help of computer monitoring systems an employer can check an employee’s speed and accuracy, monitor the number of errors, the number of jobs done, time spent away from computer. This information can then be used by the employer to maintain records of an employee’s performance and to set performance standards 2) Video surveillance: Employers use these systems to track employee theft, and wastage of time 3) Phone tapping: This is the most common method of monitoring used by employers. Here the number of calls, the frequency, the length and destination of the calls are all recorded. This information is then used to detect if an employee is passing on critical information about the organization to outsiders and to train employees for better customer service. 4) E-mail and Voice Mail tracking: In some workplaces employers monitor an employees e-mail and voice mail. With the help of new technologies, employers can easily track
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The researcher states that recent advancement in technology has resulted to the development of innovative computing systems which have facilitated the functions of various organizations and institutions. The adoption and implementation of information systems is the modern trend because of the advantages that are associated with the use of technology.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that American laws do not prevent anybody or organization to undertake video monitoring of an employee, even the employee does not know about his/her consent being monitored. Even the private and public sector organizations are aware of the importance of effective use of electronic gadgets for the safety and security.
Communication surveillance is not a new idea. It has been seen in different forms. Organizations have long been used it to monitor their employees whether they are using company time in carrying out business tasks. Organizations pay their staff members for work not for their personal activities.
Casson (2013) saw it as a difficulty since they have to select from "almost entirely an overseas pool of talent, making it a very transient market and one in which employees tend to move around quite frequently in pursuit of the best opportunities available." However, if the management was able to create a good team and selected the bests employees, then they already passed the first step of the many challenges ahead of the way.
Any research is incomplete without having systematic procedure for data collection and interpretation of collected data (Saunders, Lewis, and Adrian 100-102). It has been already mentioned in the module 1 that I am going to use survey method in order to collect data from staff at an ophthalmology centers and in this section, the researcher will pen down how staff of the ophthalmology centers selected as sample for the survey.
The government argued that the Fourth Amendment should not be applied in the case since the defendant was traveling on public streets. Nevertheless, the technology was of an intrusive nature and tracking a person over a period revealed a lot of personal information; thus, violated the defendant’s right to privacy.
In making decisions that are lawful, counselors depend on professional standards, ethical values, as well as legal precedents to have the appropriate information in their area of ethics. They consult colleagues,
One of the situations involving error disclosure is the incorrect labeling of medical samples. This is especially the case when samples are taken from different patients and labeled together. The practitioner may confuse the labeling leading to wrong
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