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Even in America itself, it is not possible for a company to function with a unique law in to different states. In other words, companies need to function with respect to the laws prevailing in the location where they operate.
Separate legal personality and limited liability are two common terms associated with company law. Wiss (2010) describes separate legal personality as an incorporated company, “united or combined into an organised body” having rights and liabilities. In her opinion a company is a fictitious person who can enter into contracts, own property and even commit crimes. At the same time when a private company limited by shares, the creditors deal with the company, not with the individuals and it can be termed as a limited liability company. In such cases, if the company become bankrupt, the creditors or the investors do not get paid regardless of the personal financial capabilities of its memebrs (Wiss 2010). Separate legal personality and limited liability are two advantages of corporate status. But under certain circumstances these advantages will become invalid and this paper briefly explains such circumstances in which separate legal personality and limited liability will become invalid.
It is not possible for a company to take undue advantages in the name of limited liability or separate legal personality. Corporate law has mainly identified seven instances in which the corporate veil (law that protect the members or founders of a company in case a problem arises) can be lifted; fraud, agency, trust, group enterprise, tort enemy character, tax (Sadhu, n. d)
Richard Wachman (2005) has mentioned that fraud is costing British business £72 billion a year, 6% of the annual revenue of British businesses (Wachman, 2005). The recent corporate scandals involving Enron, WorldCom, Parmalat and Refco, have not taught any lessons to the authorities or the investors. Fraud can attain many forms; some companies may overstate their profits, some
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seeks to exploit and take advantage of emerging opportunities in the UK food markets. Its product line seeks to be caught up in an operational challenge following consumer concerns and change of preferences by these consumers. The manufacturing, packaging and supply of the company’s food products depends on the importation of raw foods from various countries around the globe.
Although all abolitionists wanted to abolish slavery not all agreed on the method by which slavery should be abolished. Discuss the Abolitionist Movement; major black and white abolitionists; and the various means by which these abolitionists had hoped to abolish slavery?
We had a maximum of 4 weeks to do the research and prepare the presentation. Initially, we were 4 members in our group, but in week 2, one group member pulled out leaving 3 of us to complete the assignment. This was a drawback to the progress of the presentation assignment since at the time he pulled out, we had already subdivided tasks.
..…………………..6 2.4 Promissory estoppel can be used both as a sword and a shield………………7 3 Application of the doctrine of estoppel…………………………………………….8 3.1 Central London Property Trust v High Trees House  KB 130……….
The project also involves a review of two case briefs involving promissory estoppel’s doctrine. The two cases included in the review are Collier V P&M J Wright and D & C Builders v Rees (Mulcahy & Tillotson 2004). The paper also shows how promissory estoppel was adopted in the Australian law.
y Courts Will be removed by the Courts 9 9 References 12 Overview A contract is a particular legal concept wherein two parties enter into an agreement on mutual understanding. Each of the parties intends to create certain legal obligations between them. Basically, there are two elements in any particular contract comprising offer and acceptance.
The contract takes the form of an accord between two parties, but its contents help to underpin managerial prerogatives as well as to define their limits. Many jobs are offered to employees with standard terms and condition of work on a take it or leave it basis.
houses and governments. Nature, in it's myriad forms, is exploited ruthlessly for 'materialistic economic benefits'. Society is the ultimate sufferer. How to stop the further decline and start our response more effective and pronounced
The answer lies in "Pollution Accounting".
)(1)),and so the question becomes – does the companys articles of association state that there must be unanimous agreement within the Board of Directors for issues that the Board of Directors decide, or must it be a simple majority? If the articles of association state that
Additionally, business laws include state, federal, and administrative laws hence it is important for people engaging in business ventures to have this knowledge. This explains the rising need of involving attorneys especially in the startup
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