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How are these works of arts reflect the tradition(s) of avant garde - Essay Example

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Avant-garde is not an art movement during the course of the development of modern art; it is rather a term used to refer to the acts of resistance to preserve the art culture from external influences such as politics. (Orton and Pollock 153) Impressionism, Cubism, Expressionism,…
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How are these works of arts reflect the tradition(s) of avant garde
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Avant-garde is not an art movement during the of the development of modern art; it is rather a term used to refer to the acts of resistance topreserve the art culture from external influences such as politics. (Orton and Pollock 153) Impressionism, Cubism, Expressionism, Dadaism, Fauvism and Surrealism are only some of the art groups considered as avant-garde. Traditional avant-garde art can be characterized as innovations, experimentations or advancements on art culture focusing mainly on the development of techniques and principles of the art movement and not on the subject of the artwork as well as on the preservation of the aesthetic value of art. (Acton 25) A further understanding of the characteristics of avant-garde art can be achieved by examining paintings such as “The Scream” by Edvard Munch; Henri Matisse’s “The Dance” and “The Dance II”; “Portrait of Ambroise Vollard,” “Three Dancers” and “Woman with Mandolin” by Pablo Picasso and “Woman in Blue” by Fernand Leger.
Expressionist artist Edvard Munch’s “The Scream” depicting an indistinct shape of a human whose face and mouth shown as distorted in fear or in anxiety. The figure seems to be unnerved by someone or something but may probably also be frightened by the bloodied sky overhead. In this painting from the Expressionist period, the artist portrayed the figure as an indistinct form to accentuate the raw emotion. The core of Expressionism was to paint and convey emotions through art therefore Munch exhibits in this painting the avant-garde way of addressing the principle of the art movement, which is to purely capture and express emotions through art without defining the form.
Henri Matisse’s first version of “The Dance” shows lightly-hued human figures dancing and floating in plain green and blue background while “The Dance II” shows the human figures in an intense shade of red dancing and floating in a more vivid blue and green. The two paintings each possess an avant-garde character, the first version discards the foreshortening technique of painting; Matisse employed colors instead to give the figures an impression of distance and movement thus creating an innovation on the use of colors for his artwork. “The Dance II” has the same innovative avant-garde character as the first version, however, the artist made another new approach for the second version by using colors in their unmodified or slightly modified value resulting into colors that are more vibrant and more defined impression of movement and spatial distance. “The Dance II” also marks the experimentation of Matisse with colors, which is another avant-garde feature, later on paving way for the formation of Fauvism.
The paintings “Portrait of Ambroise Vollard,” “Woman with mandolin” and “Three Dancers” by Pablo Picasso have respective avant-garde attributes. “Portrait of Ambroise Vollard” and “Woman with Mandolin” both displays the advancement that Picasso had achieved as a Cubist. This unusual geometric style of depicting subjects was Picasso’s major contribution to the development of Modern art thus making him as one of the significant avant-garde artists during his time. On the other hand, being a truly avant-garde artist, Picasso did not stop in experimenting with his art. His later work “Three Dancers” evidently demonstrates the artist’s continuous exploration and experimentation with the limitless possibilities of art. “Three Dancers” is the result of Picasso’s avant-garde mind as he delves into expressionist distortion.
Relatively, “Woman in Blue” by Fernand Leger was the result of the artist’s experimentation with Cubism. Noticeably, Influences by Picasso’s geometric representation of subjects, Leger in the process, added innovations on Cubism. Leger painted his subjects in tubes or cylinders instead of the standard “cubes” of Cubism that gave rise to Tubism. This innovative modification by Leger manifests the avant-garde trait of “Woman in Blue,” an artwork belonging to Leger’s art style, Tubism.
WORKS CITED
Acton, Mary. Learning to Look at Modern Art. New York: Routledge, 2004. Print.
Orton, Fred and Griseld Pollock. Avant-gardes and Partisans Reviewed. Manchester: Manchester University Press ND, 1996. Print. Read More
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