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He is motivated by his need to fit into the role of being a family man.
However, once Gregor is inexplicably transformed into an Ungeziefer— which is roughly equivalent to “vermin”— he is no longer capable of taking care of his family in a traditional capacity. Instead, he is relegated to being a blind, wilting creature. All of his energy goes towards looking out the window, even as his vision and perception deteriorate.
He devolves from desiring to care for his family and retain his job to desiring nothing more than to delude himself into believing that his sister is playing the violin for him. He scurries out into their midst, no longer conscious as his familys need for him to remain hidden. He confronts his mother with his shriveled form and terrifies their lodgers with his uncleanliness.
Ultimately, Gergors nature as a man is completely destroyed. As his family —however horrid they might be— points out, “If [this creature] were Gregor he would have seen long ago that its not possible for human beings to live with an animal like that and he would have gone of his own free will.” Gregor has lost his ability to place his family above himself, but he still retains his ability to feel affection as evidenced by the “emotion and love” he holds for his family. The obligation that he held as a traveling salesman, however, has long since faded away, taking with it the satisfactions and desires that mark him as
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It was in the type of environment that Franz Kafka's seminal short story The Metamorphosis evolved. Published in 1915, The Metamorphosis – or Die Verwandlung in its original German – opens with the bald statement that “One morning, when Gregor Samsa woke from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin” (Kafka, 1).
In this modern world, the clash between individual and the society is becoming more problematic. One can see that alienation in the mainstream society is the most important problem faced by an individual in his private and public domains. Some of the eminent writers make use of the problem of social alienation as the important theme in modern context.
Kafka’s explorations into absurd and surrealistic elements many before they trended in popular art through the surrealist movement, establish his cutting-edge imagination. Perhaps even more significant, however, are the aesthetic qualities to his work. Kafka was able to create an unparalleled world of language that evoked the extremities of anxiety and alienation. This essay examines what may be Kafka’s preeminent work ‘The Metamorphosis’ through its articulation of destiny; specifically that of protagonist Gregor Samsa.
What defines The Metamorphosis
The Metamorphosis is a novel by Franz Kafka, written in 1915 which portrays a short story of a traveling salesman, Gregor Samsa who suddenly waked up one to find that he has grown into a monstrous vermin. It was an unbelievable site for him when he sees himself in that horrendous state.
The metamorphosis of Gregor from a man to a cockroach represents his judgment of the acceptance of his defeat from humanity. Gregor Samsa is the protagonist of the story who has been portrayed as very responsible son, who takes his job seriously as he is the only one who has to take care of the family.
The author states that like most of the novels of Kafka, the novel, “The Metamorphosis” is also eclipsed by the clouds of ambiguity and neither Kafka explains the reason for the transformation nor did the novella throws light explicitly for the reason of such transformation. It ponders on the themes like religion, political and social critic.
Specifically, this essay explores the relationship between Gregor’s insect-like identity and self-conscious self, and the influence of his working conditions, especially of his feeling of alienation, on his sudden transformation. As Kafka shows it, the connection of Gregor’s awareness to his ‘transformed’ self—an insect—is depressing.
Gregory transformed into a giant insect or vermin for a reason the author does not explain to the reader. The author uses the character of Gregory to create a plot that remains significant in the novel. After his transformation, Gregory is unable to return to his normal life as everything around him becomes a guest. At one point in the book, Gregory is given his best meal, bread and milk.
The advancement of times, has led to the use varied types of machines, in everyday life, originally intended to reduce the work load of human beings, thereby increase comfort, and hence, make living happier for man, than before. But in a strange anomaly of happenings, it is argued, that modernization, while indeed reducing man's work burden, has made his life very mechanical too.
Alienation from almost all aspects of an individual’s life is an underlying theme which can be traced throughout the entire story. However, rather than being an isolated event, alienation here is depicted as an inevitable process which
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