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Its Latin name is Solanum tuberosum L. and is a perennial plant i.e. present at all seasons of the year. (Rhodes, 2009). In the genus Solanum, Petota comprises of around 190 wild tuber-bearing species, and are extensively spread in the Americas, from the South Western USA to Southern Chile and Argentina and from sea level to the highlands of the Andes Mountains (Visser et al., 2009). A universally accepted taxonomy does not exist for cultivated potatoes. The interested part of the potato crop plant is a tuber, the enlarged end of a stolon, or underground stem. Externally tuber appears as tan to purple color while; its flesh is normally white or light yellow, except for some purple Andrean potatoes. The tuber buds off externally that can sprout into new crops. These buds or eyes function like a fruit seeds which give rise to new plants (Rhodes, 2009).
Cross breeding techniques between common potato varieties and wild potato varieties are used to produce crop plants with desirable traits such as broad spectrum resistances to pests and diseases, tolerances to frost and drought, high yielding and highly nutritious crops in adverse biotic and abiotic stimuli, high quality storage characteristics, easy processing etc (Visser et al., 2009). In addition to this, developed countries are also emphasizing on organically prepared and processed potato.
The production of diverse and abundant food to sustain the demand of increasing population is the need of the day. The supply of abundant, cheapest, diverse and safest food becomes an immense challenge in developing world. In this regard, root and tuber crops can contribute significantly. The annual growth rates of potato production are increasing by 4.5 million tons per year (Visser et al., 2009). It tops the list in non-grain food commodity, while secures third position as an important food crop after wheat and rice (Visser et al., 2009). It has been reported that in 2007, 325 million
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c) James’ opportunity costs of producing the potatoes exclusively instead of the chickens would be 40 chickens per year. d) James’ opportunity costs of producing the chickens exclusively instead of the potatoes would be 80 pounds of potatoes per year.
The other alternative is to do a combination of both activities. The aim of this exercise is to determine who has the comparative advantage, meaning the one who has a lower opportunity cost of producing potatoes or raising chickens. In the end, one can see the relevance of specializing in an activity where one has the lower opportunity cost.
These comments generally come from office workers who think that they are so superior to everyone else just because they go to work in a suit and tie. Well, I believe that they are wrong! In my opinion, couch potatoes are superior to office workers due to the amount of exercise that they get, the sacrifices that they make, the commitment levels required, low risk involved, and brain power.
How about in history? Did this tuber have an impact on major occurrences in the past? This paper delves into the significance of potatoes on Americans throughout historical war fares. Potato originated from the Spanish word, “patata”. It has been one of Spain’s popular crops since the late 1500’s (Romans 8).
Smith claims to have been in contact with an angel who guided him to the plates’ location (Mormon, 2009).
This was the beginning of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints or the (LDS) Church. The LDS church believes
Michelle has a comparative advantage in potatoes, if Michelle focused completely on producing potatoes, she could produce 200. Because Michelle is producing potatoes, James has the only option of producing chickens. If James focused
As a result, governments and international agencies have turned to anthropologists for advice. The anthropologists are meant to offer insight into practices of various cultures before the implementation of various projects. A case example is
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