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cancers, unintentional injuries, and violence.” (Mokdad, Marks, Stroup & Gerberding 2000) Professional health care practitioners are constantly vigilant on monitoring alcohol dependents, especially if it exists in conjunction with other illnesses, like depression. The negative effects that alcoholism causes cannot be undermined. This paper is written to present a review of literature on the topic: does alcohol dependency lead to depression? Given the research question, the purpose of the study is to explore four scholarly researches made on the topic identifying methodologies, findings and general consensus.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services define alcoholism, also known as “alcohol dependence,” as “a disease that includes four symptoms: craving: a strong need, or compulsion, to drink; loss of control: The inability to limit one’s drinking on any given occasion; physical dependence: Withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety, occur when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking; and tolerance: The need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to “get high.” (2001, 1)
“The American Medical Association and the World Health Organization have both recognized addiction (including alcoholism) as an illness, not a lack of willpower”. (Dossey, Keegan, & Guzzetta, 2000, 514). Definitely, this is a fact that pervades people from all walks of life depending on diverse factors. According to Dossey, et.al. (2000), “although there are many types of addictions to various substances, alcohol addiction is the most prevalent in the United States, afflicting at least 11 million people”. (514)
There are a multitude of scholarly researches written on alcoholism and diverse concerns related to it. Through secondary sources from books, journals and electronic references, appropriate materials would enable one to proffer a comprehensive and objective view of the topic.
A study conducted by Dr. Achal
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The researcher describes depression as simply as feeling blue, and hence we often come across periods when we are depressed. It is a period when the person feels lonely, angry, there’s anxiety about the situation, the person is sad, does not feel like doing anything, the thoughts can range from being suicidal to being revengeful.
What Does It Take To Lead Change?
Reflecting over one’s own actions help people develop self-knowledge and analyze where we went wrong. This helps in personal development and continuous improvement. Even though the reflection process involves a group of people and one's reaction towards their action, reflection is actually an analysis of one’s own personal experience.
The ill-effects of alcoholism have borne out evidently in census figures.Apart from alcoholism another lurking danger is other drug abuse. Drugs like Heroine, coke and ganja has increased to a great extent. Now, even students get access to these dangerous drugs and this is how many lives are ruined. According to the research and reports by Australian institute for health and welfare (Australian government), the drug abuse has propagated heavily since 2004.
As the discussion, How does Alcohol Affect Crime in the United States?, stresses alcohol creates a sense of relaxation in the person who has consumed it, giving them a sense of confidence and boldness, which they cannot display otherwise. The nature of alcohol abuse and alcoholism is widely spread in the areas with low income earning residents.
We also find these characteristics in depression today (Nestler et al., 2002). As per the estimation and based on epidemiological data 2-5% of U.S. population is suffering from severe form of depression while 20% have mild form of diseases (Eric J. Nestler, 2002).
All smiling faces do not always imply happiness, and the lack of tears does not mean that everything is well. Many people have fallen in the trap of pretending that all is well when actually they know that is not the case. Huge numbers of people across all genders, ages and walks of life are suffering from depression.
Alcohol is a very dangerous substance that on prolonged use causes many harmful effects both on the body and mind. The harmful effects that are associated with it are so dangerous that our society needs to overcome it once and for all. Alcohol needs to be made
This experiment reviews the evidence about potential role of exercise. This study articulates other subsequent studies, which pose data that reports the benefits of exercise programme participation amongst depressed