Jerusalem - Research Paper Example

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Since time immemorial Israel and Palestine have been under consecutive wars which greatly affect the economy of the two countries and welfare of their citizens. However, due to Israel’s stability it has predominantly managed to win the wars and subject Palestine under its…
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Jerusalem Since time immemorial Israel and Palestine have been under consecutive wars which greatly affect the economy of the two countries and welfare of their citizens. However, due to Israel’s stability it has predominantly managed to win the wars and subject Palestine under its governance. Israel and Palestine drafted an agreement in the 1990s putting Israel in control of all the Palestinian amenities such as water. The agreement was geared towards achieving peace between the two countries (Rothblatt, Martine 212). However, today Israel denies Palestine access to these amenities such as clean and safe water. Israel has been reported to introduce a crisis in the sewerage system and water management (Library Information and Research Service ‘a’ 347).
Israel uses about 300 million liters of water daily while Palestine only has access to about 70 million liters of water daily. It has also been reported that to some extent, some Palestinians only have access to 20 liters of water daily. Moreover, West Bank and Gaza Palestinians do not have the authority to dig wells or own water tankers. Israel has also set quotas guiding the Palestinians on the amount of water they are supposed to draw from existing wells. While on the other hand Israel has put up swimming and green garden facilities (Châtel 38-142).
Furthermore, despite the fact that Israel has access to about 3% of river Jordan as per the pre-1967 borders, Israel uses majority of the water. This is because it has blocked Palestine from gaining access to river Jordan by constructing National Water Carriers that divert approximately one quarter of the water Israel consumes. It has also been noted that Mekorot Israel Water Company closes down valves that supply water to Palestinians when the water supplies are low. This prevents Israel from being affected by the decrease in water supply. As if this is not enough Israel also steals water from the Palestinian West Bank water supply and sells it back to the Palestinian at an inflated rate. This is because there is no rule governing water production in Palestine (Shuval & Dwiek 163-197).
Palestine also has access to water that is unhygienic as it is mixed with waste water and sewage. This is because Israel only allows about three of the 80 trucks which have spare parts to enter Gaza and West Bank a fact that has greatly contributed to the deteriorating quality of water that Palestinians have access to (Shuval & Dwiek 137).
Thus one is left to wonder what rights Israel has to manage water crucially needed by the Palestinian people. According to the international law, it is illegal for Israel to use and adamantly own water that lies in the Palestine territories. Therefore Israel; has no right whatsoever to exploit Palestinian water for the benefit of its citizens to the extent of discriminating the Palestine citizens. This law also stipulates that Israel should pay Palestine for its continuous use of Palestine water recourses and the losses Palestine has incurred from poor farming (Library Information and Research Service ‘b’ 323).
From the above it is quite evident that Palestine has a right to construct water wells and own water tankers. The quotas imposed by Israel regulating the amount of water Palestinians should use or consume should also be abolished. Furthermore, Palestine should not buy water that lies in its territory. Actually it should sell water to Israel at a reasonable price to boost its economy. Such agreements will definitely allow peace to prevail between the two countries as discrimination will be eliminated.
Works Cited
Châtel , Francesca. Water Sheikhs & Dam Builders: Stories of People and Water in the
Middle East. Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2007.
Library Information and Research Service ‘a’. The Middle East. 2nd Ed. UK:
Northumberland Press, 2005.
Library Information and Research Service ‘b’. The Middle East. 3rd Ed. Ann Arbor,
Michigan: University of Michigan, 2008.
Rothblatt, Martine. Two Stars for Peace: The Case for Using U.S. Statehood to Achieve
Lasting Peace in the Middle East. Lincoln, Nebraska: iUniverse, 2003.
Shuval, Hillel and Dwiek, Hassan. Water Resources in the Middle East: The Israeli-
Palestinian water Issues : From Conflict to Cooperation.2nd Ed. Warren, MI: Springer,
2007. Read More
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