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Without this sports excitement, the league and the events would be dull and would not attract fans and customers. The uniqueness of the sports world lies in the fact that they develop their business on selling competition.
One of the key features of the economics of sports is that the demand for its product is related to the uncertainty of the outcome (Garland, Malcom & Rowe, 2000). The league attempts to restrict competition so that no one team is able to gain too much market power or excessive dominance. If any team of professional team sports gains monopoly, it would cause the revenue to disappear altogether (Garland, Malcom & Rowe, 2000).
There are many ways to measure competitive balances, the most frequently used metrics are standard deviation and win percentages of the teams for a given year, ratio of the actual to idealized standardized standard deviation of win percentages, ratio of top to bottom win percentages, the range of win percentages, the gini coefficient of win percentages and the excess tail frequencies (Zimbalist, 2004).
It is assumed that fans have a strong preference of uncertainty of outcomes for the purpose of hopes and expectations. The best measure to use would be one to which consumers show most sensitivity (Zimbalist, 2004).
In his book “Handbook of sports economics” (2006) Fizel explains that there are many measures of competitive balance, but their efficacy is still argued over. However the arguments over the relative efficacy are due to the inability to understand the distinction between the three main elements of competitive balance.
remain at the top and those which are not remain at the bottom for long periods of time. Although it is widely agree that competitive balance is essential for keeping fans interested, it has also been viewed that in certain cases the home team’s performance has a significant impact on the attendance. This is in contrast to the hypotheses of uncertainty of outcome. This probability
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Various professional sport teams source for competent players as input to the industry. Economic structures and principles help in developing strategic approach into the sport industry. A club has to engage another club in sporting activity in order to win market share.
And the medicated sport has the ability to generate mass appeal. The attraction that the value of sports is receiving is increasingly important in the development and commercialization of sport as well as media (HELLAND, 2007, p. 105). Sport along with culture and economics have continued to fuse in conjunction with international culture, economy, political and social flows which constitute in the process of globalization.
It is not predictable how an individual will behave inside and outside the organization. It is more complex to predict human behavior, as it arises out of people’s deep desires, needs, and value systems, though it can be moderately understood in terms of the structure of behavioral science, management and other subjects.
Impediments to exercise performance may include fatigue, reduction of glycogen in muscles, and gastrointestinal discomforts. The energy production requirements for each sporting activity tend to differ. The intensity and duration of exercise depend on energy production.
In fact, AFL has been focusing on researches in the areas concerning sports science, sports medicine and evolution of the game, through investigations of the various issues. AFL concentrates on the issue like efforts reduction of injuries occurrence, increased performance in coaching and playing.
At the same time, it diverts the attention of the individuals participating in it from engaging in law breaking due to idleness and it also reduces the chances of a person developing problems related to stress.
With the above and many other unmentioned benefits in mind, it is then an activity that can be recommended for all especially the children of all the ages as it can offer great benefits to them.
The reasons for that may be various, and this work will be aimed at considering all possible factors favorable for such growth and development, but it should be stated, that the role of Government and the state, in general, has probably played major role in making sports popular and in promoting the use of sports for the health of the society as a whole.
s, including those of the US, indicating the imperative for an international authority to implement non-commercial rules and help address the harshness of those which are exclusively for commercial purposes; 2) the seeming lack of enthusiasm in the sport has also been taken to
The growth of new media has altered the nature of the marketing mix, given that sponsorship has become increasingly powerful and engaging tool for brands. Indeed, new media technologies have considerably enhanced the
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