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Theory on Marx - Essay Example

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When Karl Marx died in 1883, few would have thought that his monumental prolific works would lead to the shaping of the great Bolshevik revolution in 1917 in USSR, which would polarize the world thereafter into two camps: Socialism and Capitalism.  Marx’s works were in…
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Theory Essay on Marx
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Download file to see previous pages (A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens)  As Salerno sums it:  “During the nineteenth century, many European cities experienced an array of physical and social problems brought on by the industrial revolution and the decline of feudalism.  Cities were filled up with peasants forced from rural areas by real estate speculators and landlords.” (Salerno, 43) Narrow urban streets with sewers became a frequent site for disease and devastating poverty.    
The movement to think scientifically without prejudice to any religious or moral doctrine that started with the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453 and corresponding beginning of the renaissance movement in Europe led to many scientific inventions in its stride.  (The History Guide)  The invention of steam engine by James Watt (1736-1819) has had the greatest and immediate impact in leading to the industrial revolution in Europe in the eighteenth century. 
By the end of eighteenth century, European cities like Venice, Paris, and London already had highly-efficient educational system in terms of universities, libraries, and an environment that promoted learning.  (The History Guide)  This was an ideal setting for philosophers like Hegel, Comte, Darwin, and Spencer to make their observations and influence the relatively-affluent learned people in these educational sites, searching for enlightenment through knowledge. By the time Marx was to make his own contribution in the field of social and political science, evolutionary theories led by Darwin and Spencer ruled the day.  Together with challenging their implied philosophy, Marx was to use economics as his weapon for social change: confronting popular economists like Smith and Ricardo on many grounds.  (Salerno, 47) 
Darwin’s vision of world was one of ceaseless interactions leading to evolution and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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