Canada’s criminal justice system is backlogged and the conservative government in power was recently elected on new promises to crack down on crime and get tough with offenders. In spite of the fact that the climate…
Download file to see previous pages...
erica boasts the highest incarceration rates on the planet, even higher than places such as China, Iran or Russia, Canada also has significant challenges housing, feeding, and rehabilitating all of the prisoners in its prisons nationwide. According to a report released by the Pew Center for Research on the United States, nearly one in 100 persons in the United States is incarcerated (Pew Center, 2008). Canada has a much smaller population than the United States but the statistics are no less that a staggering. Statistics Canada has recent reported that for the first time in more than 10 years Canadas incarceration rate has increased and is now 110 prisoners per 100,000 of the Canadian population. This represents a 2% increase and for comparative purposes Canadas incarceration rate is higher than most western European countries including that of Sweden which is 82 per 100,000 and France which has an incarceration rate of 85 per 1000 population. The numbers are staggering and must be understood if one hopes to tackle the issue of criminal justice reform and correctional policy reform in the 21st century (Tony, 2001; Statistics Canada, 2008).
Seeking to address the fundamental issues associated with an overcrowded prison system and to propose a means through which correctional policy reform can be undertaken in the Canadian context, the following will argue that restorative justice will provide the answer to Canadas incarceration woes. This policy brief will be structured in the following manner in order to properly address the problems associated with over incarceration in Canada. Beginning with an analysis of the problem, an exploration of the weaknesses, deficits, and excesses of Canadas present correctional policy will be this elaborate upon. Following this a recommended policy to address the problems discussed above will explain the concept of restorative justice. Arguing that restorative justice can be one of the means through which solutions to Canadas
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
It is the laying out of plans and organizing the available resources to run a successful organization. All this depends on the personnel’s’ to have a look at the current situation prevailing, be abreast with the desired situation, and come up with necessary steps to get there (Clear, Cole, & Reisig, 2012).
Non-therapeutic correctional interventions (NTCI), chief amongst which are educational programs, are designed to do just that. The rationale for NTCI educational programs is that increased levels of education coupled with increased life skills such as personal finance, communication skills create an easier situation for offenders to find and maintain employment (Cecil, Drapkin, Mackenzie, & Hickman 2000).
(11) Shame among prisoners regarding their own convictions (depending on types of criminal offense they committed). For instance, an inmate from biblical studies corner refused to pronounce his conviction, referring to it as "opening door to Satan," allowing demons to take over his life and choosing life of visions, dreams (later during interview audience learns that this corner is a corner where "people don't want people to know who they are").
Often, prisons are too under-staffed to monitor all prisoners at all times to prevent such incidences. Occasionally, the prison staffs are the perpetrators of these crimes. The United Nations Minimum Rules
This is ironic because most prisons face finance related problems (Carlson & Garrett 42).
Prison rape: humanitarian groups have raised concerns over the increasing number of inmates reported coercion into unwilling sexual activity while in prison.
A study of the historical changes shows that the system has undergone transformation over years from the ancient dictatorial systems to the modern and just correctional systems. A good example of such transformation is that of the Penal colony invented in the
During the world wars, correctional facilities were used as torture chambers for the inmates. However, from the past century, correctional facilities shave been transformed to more accommodative institutions (Austin & Boyd, pp. 42). This has been made possible
The sick prisoners can easily consult and seek advice from doctors. Videoconferencing with the doctors can be done instead of inmates having to have personal trips to hospitals. Psychiatric evaluations which are
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Correctional Policy for FREE!