In his article “A Category of Human Mind: the Notion of Person; the Notion of Self” Marcel Mauss’s proposition for the concept of ‘person’ and its development in a human being attempts to define it an entity of which the features are essentially determined by the…
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t” Ellen Corin tends to view Mauss’s concept of ‘person’ in evolution or transition as one that is influenced by the legacy of European hegemonic attitude to the cultures of the non-European country. According to her, Mauss’s historical evaluation of ‘person’ is engrossed with the concept of the “other’ that bars the European scholars to perceive the ‘person’ of the non European societies as something “self-interested and self indulgent, and which is determined by outsides references to clans and divinities” (Corin 85). In Mauss’s conception of ‘person’ it is evident that the ‘person’ –which he is concerned with- is different from the concept of person as something “natural’. Though he does not completely defy the natural definition of ‘person’, he clearly asserts this definition of ‘person’ as unfocused, vague and simplistic. For Mauss, the definition that tend s to describe ‘person’ as something “natural, clearly determined in the depth of [human] consciousness” is, as he says at the beginning of the article, “still imprecise, delicate and fragile, one requiring further elaboration” (Mauss 5). The major steps in evaluation of “person’ lies in the following speech of Mauss,
“From a simple masquerade to the mask, from a ‘role’… to a ‘person’…, to a name, to an individual; from the latter to a being metaphysical and moral value; from a moral consciousness to a sacred being; from the latter to a fundamental form of thought and action- the course is accomplished” (Mauss 22)
Whereas Corin tends to view the concept of person from the anthropological desire to “have access to the Other’s alterity and to transcend to the contingencies and boundaries of …..cultural condition” (Corin 81), Mauss’s attempt to view ‘person’ from a socio-historical point is, as Corin criticizes, biased, therefore not absolute, by the cultural hegemony of the author. According to him the
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Due to his contribution, he has been regarded as one of the twentieth century psychology’s controversial and influential thinker. In regards to his legacy, several works have been developed by other major thinkers. Similarly, out of opposition to Freud’s ideologies, other new theories have developed.
His work and findings revolved around human psyche including the ID, Ego, Superego, dream interpretation, personality, clinical psychology and many more. Initial Studies Freud studied medicine at the University of Vienna and got his doctorate in 1981. Soon he got fascinated with the emotional disorder in humans called hysteria.
According to Nuland (2011), Freud has given his life for the study of cocaine. However, his studies when applied to others had resulted to disastrous effects which unfortunately stained his good name. Although cocaine brought few uses, too much intake can lead to addiction and later overdose which can be fatal.
In addition, Freud thought of imperative hypotheses on life and expiration natures, the resistance system, the id, inner self, superego, and psychosexual infrastructures. Freud's exploration in the aforementioned regions was a portion of the most critical speculations improved in brain research.
Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis was an Austrian neurologist. Sigmund Freud advocated the thought that unconscious conflicts, which are usually related to sex or aggression, are the main motivators of the human behavior. Freud was thus the first psychologist to bring unconscious mind on the formal platform of psychological theory.
or who worked with mental patients in Vienna prior to 1959 and is considered one of the founding fathers of modern day psychology because of his development of the psychoanalytic theory. Originally trained as a neurologist, Freud’s work with his patients, frustrated by a
Freud got his doctorate degree in the field of medicine in 1881. Some of his early works related to the fields of medicine and psychology include research on cerebral palsy, publication of ‘Studies on Hysteria’ in 1895,
Helen Walker Puner (1992) argues “Some of his earliest conclusions, once he reached while he and Breuer were still working together, are today naive” (p.81) Current understandings in clinical observations have taken a big leap over the head of this think-tank of
However he also gave the theory of unconscious motivations and unconscious dynamics that had a pervasive and profound influence on humanity. Freud suggested three cognitive systems of human personality that are
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