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Dred Scott - Research Paper Example

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It has a long history dating back to the old civilizations of Egypt, Rome, Greece and India where war prisoners, women and children were exploited and made to work as slaves. Slavery in America started with the coming of the…
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Dred Scott
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Download file to see previous pages who were forcibly taken from their homeland, transported under extremely harsh conditions and made to work under even worse conditions in the various rice, cotton and tobacco plantations spread all over the southern parts of America. These slaves once sold to their white owners, lost their freedom for ever. Often they were treated brutally by these owners resulting in deaths for many of these unfortunate black people. Such accounts of tortures and brutalities on the black slaves are well documented in the very famous book “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl” by Harriet Jacob. “Uncle Toms cabin” by Harriet Beecher Stowe also deals with similar issues. Dred Scott is one such black African slave who fought a war against the legal and social system of nineteenth century America to get his freedom.
Free slave was a concept almost unheard of in the pre-civil war America. At that time the slaves were the personal property of their owners and were treated as such. Dred Scott was another such slave born in the year 1799 in Virginia and was owned by the family of a white southern named Peter Blow. In 1830 when this family shifted base to St. Louis, Missouri they took Dred along with them and later sold him off to one Dr. John Emerson who was in the service with the army of the United States. Here there is some confusion as to who the real Dred Scott was. From old records it has been found that before his death, Peter Blow had one female and five male slaves. However after his death his estate inventory recorded only four male slaves. So it can be assumed that Blow before his death in 1832 had sold one of his male slaves. In 1833, records show that there was another sale of a male slave named Sam from the Blow family for 500$ to clear their outstanding credits and dues. When Dr. Emerson came to Fort Armstrong in Illinois in 1833 with him was a slave who had previously been with the Blow family. The name of this slave was Dred Scott. There is much debate amongst ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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...: “Free soil, free speech and free men” (Author, year p. 115). Within this context, the case known as The Dred Scott Case began with a lawsuit initiated by Dred Scott, a slave, against the widow of Dr Emerson, the slave owner. This initial petition was heard in the Missouri Circuit Court, and it was ruled that Scott was not free, despite the fact that his owner had taken him to Illinois, and to an area, now part of Minnesota, where the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, and the Missouri Compromise were in effect. Thus he had traveled to areas in which he would be regarded as a free man, not a slave, and thus had become a free man. On appeal, in 1850, the same verdict was read. And once again, the State Supreme Court, in 1852, ruled similarly...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Dred Scott v.s. Sanford 1856

.... Dred Scott v. Sanford was a case in which Dred Scott a slave born in Virginia between 1795 and 1800 sues an heir of the estate which owned him for freedom for himself, his wife, and children (Library of Congress n. p.). Purchased by John Emerson a major in the United States Army, as “chattel” or “personal property” Scott accompanied and traveled with Emerson extensively. However not all the states in the Union recognized and allowed slavery at that time; several states outlawed the practice of slavery passing ordinances and laws prohibiting its practice within their territorial boundaries (Library of Congress n. p.). One such state was Missouri, the “Missouri Compromise of 1820” forbid the importation of slaves within their territory...
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Cause and effect on the Dred Scott Supreme Court Decision

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... Abraham Lincoln's Dred Scott Decision & Peoria Speech How does Lincoln seem to understand equality? Abraham Lincoln the 16th leader of the United States and leader of the Republican Party was among the strong supporters of the law that prevent marriage between the black and the white. In addition, no blacks qualified to seize any position in any office through the introduction of the Illinois law. In a dialogue that Lincoln delivered in Peoria, he stated that if by chance, he had the power; his first inclination would be to free all slaves and dispatch them all to their native land. According to Abraham Lincoln, the position of superior and inferior in the American states meant to reduce the number of blacks entering the country. However...
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The Impact of the Dred Scott Decision on Slavery in U.S. Territories

... and fearless struggle for freedom greatly contributed to the ultimate end of slavery. The consequences of the Dred Scott case were experienced by all U.S. territories. For northern territories the decision was very much troubling because it suggested that a legal mechanism by which a territory could put a stop to the establishment of a system of slavery was absent. For southern territories the decision was a stroke of luck that established the legality of slavery and apparently resolved all issues about the legitimacy of the expansion of slavery.ii Only a small number of trials had ever stimulated such a scale of public interest. Due to the Dred Scott decision, the principles of Popular Sovereignty—a doctrine which stipulated...
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Dred Scott Case

... previously enacted continued to define and impede upon the means by which the African-American could seek to exercise a level of freedom. As a function of analyzing one of the most important Supreme Court cases of the first half of the 18th century, this brief analysis will analyze the case of Dred Scott; and its ruling, results, and implications for African-Americans as a whole. Ultimately, the case of Dred Scott concerned a slave who sued his owner for his freedom. As a result of the fact that none of the previous reports were amenable to Dred Scott’s charge, the case was appealed all the way to the Supreme Court. However, the nuances of the case made it slightly more complex than merely representing the right of an individual to sue his...
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Dred Scott v. Sandford (1875)

...). For instance, among the reasons why Scott’s case was dropped in the Missouri courts was that him and other slaves were not US citizens, and as such, could not file petitions in court or sue in any form. In reality, the court acknowledged that slaves could be moved from one state to another without any objection from them. In choosing this case, I have also incorporated another key aspect or question used to define the case, which was whether an African American such as Dred Scott could be part of a political community/movement created by the US citizens in terms of membership (Herda, 2011). While Dred Scott did not out rightly win his freedom through the American court systems, the valiant fight he put up, with the help of his family...
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3 Pages(750 words)Essay

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.... This decision however was overturned after two years when the Missouri Supreme Court reversed the decision of the lower court. Scott then elevated the case to a federal court, the United States Circuit Court in Missouri. Unfortunately, the court upheld the Missouri Supreme Court decision. Dred Scott now has to make his last appeal at the United States Supreme Court.  The majority of the justices however were pro-slavery being appointed by Presidents from the South where five came from slave-holding families. The main argument at the Supreme Court was whether Scott’s was indeed a citizen. The United States Supreme Court ruled in March of 1857 by Chief Justice...
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