## CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Descriptive Statistics Memo

The contention behind internal consistency checks is to ensure that the research questions produce consistent responses in the case of the respondents. It is common practice to insert similar questions in research surveys in order to gauge whether respondents answer these questions similarly (Berg, 2001). Research in marketing often entails working with a number of different variables in order to establish the relationship between such variables. Typically the data collected in order to carry out social sciences or marketing research relies in large part on quantitative research backed up by qualitative research to fill out the missing gaps. The use of large sets of quantitative data such as in the current research poses a number...

12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

...?**Descriptive** Staistics As far as this case study and its level of promise is concerned, it is worthwhile to mention the fact that mean value of 10.75were in this research could be considered as appropriate because it has increased after last entry of 45 weeks. However, if you eliminate this entry the mean of 11 patients in the same study will be 7.64 weeks, which is considerably low from mean of 12 patients. For instance, the standard deviation will also be affected significantly of 11 patients if we eradicate last entry. In simple words, the results are not accurate because the last patient’s survival of 45 weeks is an exceptional entry that has alone a considerable impact on measures of central tendency in this study. Recall...

2 Pages(500 words)Essay

...Survey Research Select a quantitative article that is related to your research question in which the results of some type of a survey are reported. Examine the demographic **statistics** and the means and standard deviations for items on the survey. What do they tell you about the sample? Discuss the ethical issues related to gathering demographic and survey data.
The study chosen was the Williams et. al. (1998) study wherein the researchers attempted to evaluate the extent to which patient literacy was related to their knowledge of asthma and effective use of the MDI.
The study presents demographic **statistics** predominantly in the form of frequencies and percentages, and some in the form of means and S.D.’s. The data shows us...

2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

...Using **Descriptive** **Statistics** **Statistical** analysis of data provides objective and comparable means of understanding the trends seen in the sample and consequently in the population (Frankfort-Nachmias & Nachmias, 2008). The most basic type of **statistical** analysis is the use of **statistics** that are **descriptive** of the sample collected (Patten, 2005). These **descriptive** **statistics** help in understanding the most common and the most distinctive traits of the data collected, as well as helping in the use of other **statistical** techniques that can help in making estimates about the population (Patten, 2005).
For the data presented; the **descriptive** **statistics** help in understanding the extent of spread of scores, the aggregate score s of groups...

1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

...**DESCRIPTIVE** **STATISTICS** Gender of Respondents The fifty (50) respondents who responded to the questionnaire provided by the researcher were made to make available their gender. Collection of data on the gender of the respondents was necessary to affect decision making for analysis of results in determining whether or not a 2-tier curriculum could have any impact on the academic success of students. In all, there were twenty four (24) males and twenty six (26) females. This shows that there was a great balance in the selection of candidates according to their gender (Berry, 2005). The table below gives a representation of the gender of the respondents in terms of percentage.
Gender
Number of Respondents
Percentage (%)
Male
Female
24
26
48...

2 Pages(500 words)Coursework

...Give several examples of how **descriptive** **statistics** are used in everyday life. What advice would you give to others when interpreting **statistics**? **Descriptive** **statistics** are used to describe the sample we are concerned with (Gaten, 2000). They provide a simple summary of the quantitative analysis of data in a simpler and manageable form (Trochim, 2006). They are used in several way in our everyday lives. For students like me, **descriptive** **statistic** comes in the form of my GPA or General Point Average, which summarizes my performance across all the academic subjects I took in various discipline in just one figure. For teenagers who like sport say for example baseball, **descriptive** **statistics** comes in the form of batting average, the single...

1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The study will employ a cross-sectional study where the data will be collected using a well-structured questionnaire administered randomly to both the participating and non-participating ELL students in a bid to compare the academic achievements among both groups. An in-depth interview will be conducted with the school counsellors in a bid to get a deeper understanding of the various interventions techniques implemented.

According to Clark and Creswell (2010) one cannot analyze their data with statistics unless the data have been recorded in a numeric form. The first step therefore will be to assign scores to the different quantitative responses, followed by data entry done using the relevant statistical software or Excel.

...

3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

... experiencing a debilitating symptoms following each of the lab’s trials.
Table 1: Number of months that patients went without experiencing debilitating symptoms
Group 1 results
Group 2 results
4
4
5
5
3
6
5
8
6
10
1
5
2
18
22
1
3
7
2
4
5
5
3
6
The following table summarizes **descriptive** **statistics** for the results. Computations were done using Microsoft Excel.
Table 2: **Descriptive** **statistics**
Group 1 results
Group 2 Rresults
Mean
5.083333
Mean
6.583333
Median
3.5
Median
5.5
Mode
5
Mode
5
Standard Deviation
5.534328
Standard Deviation
4.231018
Range
21
Range
17
The **memo**
Internal memorandum
March 23, 2014
To: Member of the Board of Directors
From:
Re: Recommendations for decision on research funding
The board of directors...

2 Pages(500 words)Statistics Project

...**Descriptive** **Statistics** Analysis of Article The **descriptive** **statistics** in this study was cross-sectional given that it entailed the listing of responsive items for the study and interviewing of the respondents. The study employed the use of means and percentages to outline its outcomes. For instance, averagely, the study notes that approximately 100 children are being killed as cyclists in the US. Subsequently, the study uses measures of spread such as standard deviation in the analysis of the results by the use of aspects such as out if the 113,476 telephone numbers of respondents sampled, 59% were ineligible, 28% had their eligibility unknown and only 13% were eligible. To this extent, there is not aspect of **descriptive** **statistics**...

1 Pages(250 words)Case Study

...**Descriptive** **Statistics** **Descriptive** **Statistics** refers to the field of analysing data that helps in the or summary of data in a meaningful way. For example, **descriptive** data might help to show the patterns that emerge from the data analysed. **Descriptive** data does not allow statisticians or researchers to reach conclusions beyond the analysed data, or conclude on a given hypothesis made. It is simply a way of summarising data meaningfully.
One of the advantages of **descriptive** **statistics** is that it enhances good and easy visualisation of the meaning of data.1 When there is a lot of data to be presented, **descriptive** **statistics** can be used to enhance simpler interpretation of the data as suggested by the study of Kim and Kang (2010) who use...

2 Pages(500 words)Literature review

Nevertheless, we will assess the hypothesis using a two-tailed test. So according to given conditions we state that null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis will be

The scales utilized within the test instruments will be designed to denote the use of detailed statistical algorithms on the collected data. Preliminary data analysis will include descriptive statistics, which will encompass univariate analytic techniques such as means, modes, and standard deviations, and exploratory descriptive statistics, which will ascertain if the data collected, is normally distributed.

So the Pearson correlation (r) of popularity and math scores is equal to -0.368. So according to this small value of correlation coeffici...

8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Whether legal or not, every year millions of individual women around the world— of all cultural, religious, and economic backgrounds— seek out abortion when they cannot carry a pregnancy to term.

At present almost two-thirds of the world’s women live in countries where abortion may be legally obtained for a broad range of social, economic or personal reasons. When abortion is made legal, available and safe, women’s reproductive health improves. When women can avoid births that are unwanted, mistimed, or too numerous, their children are more likely to survive and be healthy.

It has long been recognized that the number of abortions can be effectively reduced by educating people on...

11 Pages(2750 words)Report

...ORD243943 How Does **Statistics** help create Medicines? **Statistics**, which has remained well known as a science to study the performance of a government,is a complex discipline aiding much of modern science today. It is used for making decisions of quality and planning strategy. It provides solutions to the uncertain outcomes after identifying these. The drug development is a very lengthy and costly process and statistician is important team member along with scientists right from the beginning. The clinical trials are designed and executed with the help of a statistician. He is responsible for providing feasible research designs viz. Cross over, parallel, probabilities of getting and analyzing non-parametric, ANOVA, ANCOVA etc...

9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

...
Abstract
In this work, the author explored the role of probability in inferential **statistics**. Man has discovered several probability distributions. Some of these probability distributions include the binomial, hypergeometric, normal, chi-square, and several other probability distributions. Populations or **statistics** are assumed to follow one of these several probability distributions and these are used to estimate population parameters as well as test hypotheses on the population. The standard normal distribution, for example, is used to draw inferences on population parameters such as the population mean. The t-**statistics** is used for inferential purposes involving small samples or where the population variance is unknown. Finally...

6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

The method is also not sensitive to variation in the value of money over time. However, it is easy to use and can be used to make a quick assessment of investment viability using existing data (Groppelli & Nikbakht, 2006: pp. 157-158).

Net present value (NPV) takes into account the value of money over time and uses the present value of future cash flows (Lasher, 2008: p. 426). This present value is compared with the initial investment and decision taken on whether the investment is viable over the long term or not. NPV is, therefore, a difference between the present value and the initial investment. If NPV is positive, the project is viable, and if it is negative, the project may be rejected. NPV uses the discount r...

17 Pages(4250 words)Assignment

... Safe Chemicals Act **Memo**
Good afternoon, fellow senators, distinguished speakers and guests. I recognize the presence of the Chairperson, Committee on Environment and Public Works, the United States Congress, The Environment and Public Works Committee, all protocol observed. On behalf of our Committee, I humbly welcome you all to discuss the Safe Chemicals Act. As the legislation stands today, the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 is failing the American public. We all recognize that the regulatory system in place is inadequate for a 21st century economy. The time for reform is now. The safe chemicals act is an issue of great concern to the all the American people, families and organizations included. It is mean to protect the people...

8 Pages(2000 words)Speech or Presentation

A more serious suicide problem in correctional facilities, which has come to the fore in recent times, is the gender disparity in the cases of prisoner self-harm and attempted suicide. It is rather intriguing that while they comprise only about 5% of the prison population, female prisoners are observed to attempt more self-harm and attempt suicide compared to males. Notably, between 20% and 24% of female prisoners self-harm while between 5% and 6% of male inmates self-harm every year. The study also found out that cases of self-harm were 30 times higher in female prisoners compared with the general UK population rates, which were reported to be at 0.6%. Hence, this study seeks to establish whether or not, female prisoners attempt...

17 Pages(4250 words)Research Proposal

Despite the emphasis placed on the ethical status of abortion in the United States only surged in the 20th century, the truth is that abortion has existed for a long time in human history. In earlier centuries, women used different techniques to terminate pregnancies if they were categorized as unwanted or risky for the mother. This was the case in many continents a fact that saw abortion a common option in Europe in the 18th century. However, the 19th century brought about a change in the perception of abortion. Laws banning abortion were formulated and reinforced in different regions (Bartkowski et al, 2012). In the United States, the 20th century, was a defining period in the debate surrounding abortion. Prior to 1973, abortion...

6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

... Abortion Introduction Abortion is defined as the termination of pregnancy before the child is born or before the child canbe in a position to live independently outside the mother’s womb (Lanier 14). An abortion that occurs naturally before a pregnancy reaches 24 weeks is referred to as a miscarriage. However, abortion can also be induced. Induced abortion can be prescribed by the doctor in case there is a medical risk to the mother, or it can be a decision by the mother due to their own reasons (Lanier 17). There are different laws of abortion depending on the country or state that one lives in. This paper will focus on abortion in California. The paper will use the **statistics** on abortion in California to prove that abortion...

6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

...-dignity and cultural liberty (Anon., 2008).
Human capital plays a vital role in development of a country this is brought about by making meaningful investment in improving health of its citizens, thus increasing well-being of citizen’s increases the life expectancy. Increase in knowledge of its citizens empowers the citizens earns a decent living and this variable is measured by the adult literacy rates, basic education (both primary and secondary) and tertiary level of enrolment.
GDP is often used to evaluate the nation state, HDI was first developed in 1990 to help to understand the simple matrix of basic human well-being. The composite index is widely used world-wide by government **statistics** its release and publication generates a lot...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework