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Organizational psychology therefore is critical for the success and failure of the organization as its impact on achieving the desired level of performance from the employees is really significant.
Historical roots of organizational psychology indicate that this discipline started as an off-shoot of industrial psychology and it is still considered as a part of it. However, over the period of time, the subject has evolved and included many new dimensions to the field of business management. What is also significant to understand that organizational psychology brought about a scientific approach in the field of business management? By linking the research with that of the organizational behavior, this discipline has basically opened new ways of understanding the human behavior in formal organizations and how that behavior can actually be modified to achieve the organizational objectives.
The development of organizational psychology seems to be the result of multitude of factors which contributed to the development of this subject. The combination of external as well as internal factors led to the belief that psychology can be applied to solve the problems of the businesses and as such a new discipline of organizational psychology started to emerge.
This definition indicates that the organizational psychology deals directly with the individual as well as group behaviors under the formal organizational environment and as such focus on exploiting and researching the behavior under different and variable circumstances so that it can be modified to achieve the strategic objectives of the firm.
The work of Katz and Kahn further explored the idea of organizational psychology and concluded that organizational psychology is all about patterned human behavior because only patterned human behavior can allow a structure to evolve and as such under this formal structure
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The paper on organizational change has proffered pertinent aspects relative to organizational change, particularly delving into why organizations change; what types of changes may occur; and what resistance might come with change. This information would be useful in reinforcing the concept that although change is inevitable, it is not always good.
Current business world is extremely globalized and it is difficult for an organization to stick with its traditional business principles and maintain steady growth. Management and organizational principles were rewritten and restructured in order to cater the needs of the changing organizational world over the last few decades.
In addition, it was found that the human resources management was essentially authoritarian in nature, thus creating a great degree of communication and cooperation problems. Furthermore, the frontline supervisors are selected from within the workforce and without any specific set of criteria.
The author states that the organizational change is interpreted in a number of ways is a well-known fact. Much has been written and said about the various perspectives on organizational change and change management. The organizational change process is extremely complex. Generally, organizations apply to change.
A change is something that is completely unavoidable and it is one of the most adopted facts of life. To be changed, is a matter of human nature and the need of time in order to provide defined Service Level to the users and give them ultimate satisfaction.
Employees are the people who are ultimately affected and impacted by these changes either positively or negatively. They may resist and refuse to adapt to changes; conversely, the employees may accept changes as a part of their organziation and job description.
Apart from this, it is also critical that the leadership bringing that change or so called transformation shall be visionary as well as passionate to achieve great things for the organization. A transformational leader must first develop the vision which is to be followed.
Wal-Mart’s IT has greatly influenced retail discount chain and supply chain, data processing, and B2B communications. Nonetheless, Wal-Mart seems to be losing market dominance to new players in retail discount chain. Furthermore, labor unions, its own associates,