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It supposedly achieves certain results (e.g. status quo, détente) that are pivotal in the stability of international relations.
These principles expound on detailed explanations and illustrations that underscored the realist perspectives in international politics - that nations must advance their own self-interest because: a) it is more effective in achieving political objectives; b) it balances international powers; c) it is better than the idealist/moralistic approach in pursuing not just effective foreign policy, but social and other domestic objectives as well; and, d) it is crucial in a state’s very survival.
Morgenthau’s arguments cited the experience of the Second World War and international relations in a post-war period to drive home his point. He criticized the political idealism that preceded the First World War, the political theory, which he believed paved the way for the outbreak of the Second World War. He used the British experience as an example:
Neville Chamberlain’s politics of appeasement were… inspired by good motives; he was… less motivated by considerations of personal power than were many other British prime ministers and he sought to preserve peace and to assure the happiness of all concerned. Yet his policies helped to make the Second World War inevitable.1
Morgenthau cited Churchill’s policy which apparently ran counter to Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement. He noted that Churchill was able to successfully navigate international politics than his predecessor because of the former’s strategy of advancing Britain’s power in the world stage.
Interestingly, the seemingly selfish policy of self-advancement for states becomes an important tool for achieving and maintaining peace as well. As power becomes the principal theme of international politics, states wittingly an unwittingly strive to maintain an equilibrium or balance of it by attaining, preserving and/or increasing their
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(“Political Realism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
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(Political Realism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Political Realism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1555091-political-realism.
This statement is also true, going by both practical and theoretical dynamics of international relations, diplomacy or global politics. At the same time, judging Wendt’s postulation as worthy of credence is to intimate that realism best and most readily marries with the constructivist approaches of international relations.
Differences between Realism and Neo-realism.
Realism and neo-realism are theories of international relations; a theory is a thought that might be tested. Scientists define a theory as not simply a speculation, but a fact-based outline that describes certain incidences.
Realism, which also known as political realism is a school of international relations which prioritizes national interest and security, instead of ideals, social reconstructions, or ethics. “This term is often synonymous with power politics. The international system is anarchic. States prioritize survival, using a self-help dynamic.
Morgenthau contends that the necessities that construct a society are the roots of the politics that govern the society and are taken for granted. It is assumed that these politics as correct and serve the society purposes and are only subject to question if the politics followed fail to serve the society needs.
It looks at modern problems of Realism presented by a re-emergence of liberalism, the emergence of globalisation and its apparent incompatibility with democracy. The discussion ultimately rejects many of the criticisms, as they do not serve to refute these core assumptions.
Two World Wars within the space of two decades followed by a nerve-wrecking Cold War era proved to be a catalyst for understanding International Politics.
The Cold War is one of the most sought after phenomenon of the
Critics argue that there is no distinction between naturalism and realism (Pizer, 1995). The critics suggest that the slight difference between realism and naturalism is evident in the focus of classes. Lee
As the srtudy stresses the concept of political Realism and Neo-realism has, for a long time, played a key role in the formulation of foreign policies by various nations. For instance, this concept of political realism compelled the United States of America to exercise its superpowers during the Cold War.