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The trial courts consists of (from the lowest to the highest level) city or town courts, it is county courts, superior courts and circuit courts (Indianacourts, 2009). City or town courts can be created by local ordinances meaning local law. They handle minor offenses, namely infractions, misdemeanors and city ordinances. Most commonly, this is where traffic matters are handled (Court Reference. 2009). Since city or town courts are not courts of record, their proceedings are not recorded. Hence any appeal from these courts to superior or circuit courts, they are trialed as if they are appearing for the first time at these higher courts. At present, there are 48 city courts and 27 town courts in Indiana with Avon, Carmel, Jamestown, and Plainfield as a few examples (Indianacourts, 2009). County courts handle contract (disagreements over written and oral agreements), tort (such as personal injury cases, perhaps from a car accident), and landlord/tenant cases where the damages do not exceed $10,000. Class D felonies, misdemeanor and infraction cases and violations of local ordinances are cases county courts hear. A small claims division is also available in county courts (Court Reference. 2009). Floyd, Madison, and Montgomery counties are the only Indiana counties that still have a county court system while the rest are upgraded to superior courts. Superior courts have general jurisdiction, and so all civil and criminal cases can be heard. Where no county court system exists minor offences and small claims are heard. The General Assembly divided Indiana into circuits, or areas based on county lines. Indiana has 92 counties, and 88 of these counties have their own circuit with their own circuit court. The remaining four small counties in southeastern Indiana (Dearborn, Jefferson, Ohio, and Switzerland counties) have been combined to form two circuits with two counties in each circuit. Circuit courts heard all civil and
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They also hear minor disputes among neighbors and traffic and motor-vehicle violations (Van Dervort 2000). Tax courts on the other hand have special jurisdiction to hear and decide cases involving decisions of county boards of taxation, which, determines property tax.
The jury found Casey not guilty of either first degree murder or manslaughter. She was instead found “guilty on four counts of providing false information to law enforcement, which are misdemeanors” (Hopper, Friedman and De Nies 1). Casey might just serve one and a half years in prison since she already served two years and the maximum sentence applicable for her case is four years.
In America, there is no single criminal justice system but several similar, independent systems. The criminal justice system is dependent on the jurisdiction in charge that can be tribal government, county, city, state or military facility. The government has always been committed to rebalance and reform the country’s criminal justice system for purposes of delivering justice for all citizens, and to safeguard the victim’s interests, communities and witnesses.
Recycling decreases the usage of fresh raw materials, limits pollution levels, and reduces energy usage as well as other forms of pollution such as water pollution. Recycling is a major component of the global strategy on waste reduction. The Indiana State University Recycle Center was started in 1990 with the purposes of reducing landfill, which impact the environment negatively.
The incident led to the death of 7 people while injuring 58 other spectators. No members of the band were involved in the accident since they were still in their tour bus waiting for their call to mount the stage. Investigations into the matter looked into the reasons behind the collapse and who was to be blamed for the incident.
Countries and armies define what conduct is unacceptable to their cause and create vehicles for prosecution of the transgressors. Historically these rules were aimed at discouraging cooperation with the enemy, spying, or comforting the enemy. Modern warfare has extended the rules to include cowardice, dereliction of battlefield duty, mutiny, and desertion.
Supreme Court normally functions based on the guidelines, passed by the Congress. Under normal circumstances, Supreme Court hears cases which were unresolved in trail courts, appellate courts and state courts. Most of the cases appear in
It is one of the landmarks of the state of Indiana and it is strategically located at the heart of the White River State Park. As the main structure that contains the majority of the historical artifacts, vast amounts of collections in art works, cultural and historical documents and manuscripts that need to be preserved in their original state.
Located in the Indiana Central Canal in White River State Park, the Indiana State Museum is a state operated cultural site and conservancy center. Displaying eleven historic sites spanning over the entire state, this facility is definitely one of the greatest custodians of American history and culture.
A background of the Act will be where a closer look at the historical, cultural, religious, political or economic changes results in a particular problem. Further, the report unearths the cause of the problem
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