Nobody downloaded yet

Criminal Psychology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Definition: Criminal psychology is the branch of psychology that studies the psychology, social cognition, attitude, behavior and activities of criminals, deviants, perverts and delinquents in a society. It is the branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92% of users find it useful
Criminal Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Criminal Psychology"

Download file to see previous pages Theoretically, it is comparatively a new discipline and the product of post WWII era, when the renowned psychologist Langer was instructed, by the British Government, to explore criminal stimulus behind the personality of German Chancellor Adolf Hitler. (Quoted in Wikipedia.org) But in practice, it is as old as human society. The discipline got popularity soon after the psychological investigation of the prisoners of war was started being conducted in England. The basic intention behind it was to assess and estimate the minds of offenders and criminals in order to make laws and establish penalties and punishments on the basis of psychological reasons behind crimes.
Crime is a social phenomenon and exists in each and every culture of the world from the most primitive human tribes and clans to the modern contemporary society. With the increase in population of the world at large, the tribes and communities grew widely and developed into society. The crime rate also got its place along with the growth of civilization with an upward trend and increase. The need of rules and system was felt to preserve peace and harmony. Subsequently, social norms, mores and taboos were determined to bring regularity in society. Socio-cultural and political authorities came into being with the passage of time, to evade disturbance and control deviancy from the prescribed manners prevailing in some specific area. Theories were articulated and researches were conducted in order to acquire information and knowledge in respect of motivation behind crime. Abnormal attitude creating public nuisance was declared as crime against the state and its individuals. Durkheim views crime, states Coser (1977:141), as normal in terms of its occurrence, and even as having positive social functions in terms of its consequences. In his words: "Where crime exists, collective sentiments are sufficiently flexible to take on a new form, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Criminal Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1545841-criminal-psychology
(Criminal Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1545841-criminal-psychology.
“Criminal Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1545841-criminal-psychology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Criminal Psychology

Criminal Psychology

...Question In the situation of Justin Case, the judge found Case competent to be tried due to his mental competency at the time of trial. The judge found him legally insane based upon his mental state at the time of the committed felony. Based on the Model Standard created by the American Law Institute, "if at the time of his conduct as a result of mental disease or defect he lacks substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality (wrongfulness) of his conduct or to conform his conduct to the requirements of law." (emphasis added) Case may have been mentally competent for his trial; however, there must have been evidence to the contrary at the time of his committed felony. Had Case been found mentally...
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study

Social psychology Criminal Justice Systems

...How reliable is eyewitness testimony Evidence based on eyewitness is crucial in any trial and hence it is imperative that it be reliable. The demonstration provided by an observer provides fundamental evidence that may establish whether or not a particular defendant will be or is convicted. The courts attaches a high regard to the eyewitness testimony, but there is much empirical support to propose that the eyewitness testimony might be somewhat unreliable and that the faith which the courts have placed in it is not justified. This is so because eyewitness testimony can be affected by a number of psychological factors such as stress/anxiety, reconstructive memory, leading questions and weapon...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Criminal psychology of why do people commit crimes

...in the lower social classes. Psychological factors and cognitive development also have been theorized to play a role in criminal behavior. The answer could be one or a combination of these theories. All economically deprived persons aren’t criminals and those that believe life has treated them unfairly or who have grown up around crime as a way of life, though they may be pre-disposed, do not necessarily resort to crime. This discussion briefly explains these theories for criminal behaviors in an attempt to display their similarities and differences and concludes with thoughts regarding how they may intertwine supplementing each other as an explanation. Among the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Psychology of Criminal Behavior

...Running head: PSYCHOLOGY OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR Psychology of Criminal Behavior (school) Psychology of Criminal Behavior Introduction There are various explanations being considered in an attempt to understand criminal behavior. These explanations seem to have various angles on criminal behavior, ranging from the criminal’s genes, to his environment, and even his family background. Most people however defer to the psychological explanations of these crimes, acknowledging the fact that crimes are committed for more than just superficial reasons, and that they are...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation

...Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation number PART Introduction Pornography serves as a potent teacher of both, deviant perspectives and behaviours. Although, most reactions in humans are innate and instinctive, yet the majority of our behaviour and beliefs are acquired and learned. Once learnt, such beliefs become acceptable, thus stimulating humans to indulge in them. Is violent pornography cathartic in preventing sex offenders from offending? The majority of research on pornography has resulted in categorically opposed conclusions to the above statement. Studies reveal that pornography acts as a teacher, permission-giver, and final trigger of various sexually deviant acts, which adversely...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation

...Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation number Publish Part One Introduction People affected by learning and developmental disorders need to be considered distinctly through forensic and criminal investigations given their differentiated methods of coping with emotions as well as social norms and values. Depending on the nature of the offender’s or participant’s learning or developmental disorders, the investigator needs to consider how the participant’s or offender’s response might have differed from a normal person’s response in the same situation. These differences tend to skew the investigative process since the offender’s responses tend to differ from those of normal...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation

...Forensic Psychology number Publish Part One Introduction In the current case of Leonard C. Thornhill, it is noticeable that the offender is on an increasingly risky behaviour of re-offending. As stated, in the last five years, the offender has not been subject to any major offences except for one complaint regarding cannabis use outside and inside his premises. However, search of the premises produced long knives that the offender could not properly account for indicating some form of inclination for violence. These events coupled with the recent sexual abuse charge placed by Miss Valery Aberdeen indicate that the offender’s risk for reoffending is increasing and needs to be dealt with at the earliest using a MAPPA Panel...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation

...Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation number Publish Introduction Plea bargain involves offering concessions in sentences and charges to encourage defendants to plead guilty and surrender their constitutional right of a jury trial. In operation, defendants who opt to exercise their right to a jury trial are deterred by fear of more prolonged sentences and severe charges; consequently, 95% of defendants normally prefer plea-bargaining (Grossman & Katz, 1983). Empirical research has revealed that higher crime levels and greater social emphasis on punishing guilty offenders leads to more plea-bargaining. As opposed to this, lower crime rate and greater social emphasis on not punishing innocent...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation

..., N. (2004), ‘The organized/ disorganized typology of serial murder: Myth or model?’, Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 10, pp. 293-320. Douglas, J. and Dodd, J. Douglas, J. and Dodd, J. The Mind of the BTK: The True Story behind the Thirty Year Hunt for the Notorious Wichita Serial Killer, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Keppel R.D. And Walter, R. (1999) “Profiling killers: A revised classification model for understanding sexual murder,’ International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 43, pp. 417-434 Snook, B., Cullen, R.M., Bennell, C., Taylor, P.J. and Gendreau, P. (2008), ‘The criminal profiling illusion: What’s behind the smoke and mirrors’, Criminal Justice and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation

...Forensic Psychology and Criminal Investigation 4th, April Part Vignette 2 A brief of the common biasesand/or heuristics that might have influenced the decision in the vignette In this vignette, there are a number of biases and heuristics observed. First, the senior officer is already convinced that Mr. Shaw is the offender in the crime. This is a case of representative heuristics. According to Tversky & Kahneman (1974), representativeness causes one to base their decision on similarity and probability. The senior officer has based on the matching information of the possible offender by the BIA with Mr. Shaw’s specifications. He does not conduct any follow-up investigations to prove this, but is considering arresting Mr. Shaw after... ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Criminal Psychology for FREE!

Contact Us