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Functionalism and its Critics - Essay Example

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Summary to essay on topic "Functionalism and its Critics"
This approach can provide a better understanding and interpretation of other cultures as compared to other approaches to social life.The concept of functions and systems necessarily outlines that there is causal and effect relationship which binds the social life and make them dependent on each other…
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Middle –range theory and Unified Theory
Middle rang theory by Robert Merton was a reaction to two broad arguments in sociology. One argument was lack of the old theories especially Unified theory to empirically prove the social phenomenon whereas on more general grounds, the ability of the theories to produce theories without the support of the critical thinking process.
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Middle Range Theory was based therefore on middle ground suggesting that they “lie between the minor but necessary working hypotheses” created by abstracted empiricism and “the all-inclusive systematic efforts to develop a unified theory that will explain all the observed uniformities of social behavior, social organization, and social change.” (Sevenhuysen n.d.). Thus Robert Merton outlined that sociology should be approached from a middle ground as it allow sociologists to integrate data collection and theory into effective approach that will ultimately allow sociology to embarrass a whole spectrum of social paradigm. Middle range theory is better than the unified theory in the sense that it provides a very balanced and rational approach towards studying sociology and social systems so that it can be approached from both micro and macro perspectives.
Social order refers to the “set of linked social structures, social institutions and social practices which conserve, maintain, and enforce normal ways of behaving and relating”. Social order therefore is relatively stable system of linked systems and functions and refers to those systems within the society which relatively stable and constant over the period of time. Read More
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