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Middle Eastern Politics Political Science - Essay Example

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Britain and France decided to partition and control the Arab world during World War I. Earlier to this most of the region was part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. To understand what Britain and France did and its impact on the political system it is essential to go back to the situation before World War I. …
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Middle Eastern Politics Political Science
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Download file to see previous pages Initially the area was broken into three Mandates: Palestine under Britain, Mesopotamia under Britain, Syria under France. But in the 1920s Syria and Palestine were subdivided, Syria into the countries of Syria and Lebanon, Palestine into the countries of Jordan and Palestine. Also, Kuwait was kept separate from Mesopotamia. These incidences left the new Arab states weak and divided and further were the cause for subsequent conflict.
“Under the Mandate system, conquered lands were placed into one of three categories (A, B, C) and were assigned to a victorious power to govern. The countries of the Arab world were declared to be Level A Mandates, meaning that they were at a very advanced stage of development and would have only a short period of British or French control. Level A Mandates were to be autonomous (self-governing) within a short time and were to choose their own leaders and shape their own destiny. (Mandates of the B and C levels were declared to be less advanced. Most of Africa was in the B category, some small islands in the Pacific were C, meaning that independence was unlikely in the foreseeable future).
In 1922 Palestine (west of the Jordan River) became a Level A Mandate under British control” (, 1993).
“The period from the outbreak of World War I in 1914 to the granting of France's mandate over Syria by the League of Nations in 1922 was marked by a complicated sequence of events and power politics during which Syrians achieved a brief moment of independence” (Library of Congress Country Studies, 1987). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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