Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Comparing and Contrasting between Health Promotion and Health Education - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The term 'Health Promotion' came into widespread use in the early 1980s (Catford and Nutbeam, 1984). Around this time, there was some amount of debate over whether activities ought to be classified as health promotion or health education (Catford and Nutbeam, 1984; Seymour, 1984)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.9% of users find it useful
Comparing and Contrasting between Health Promotion and Health Education
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Comparing and Contrasting between Health Promotion and Health Education"

Download file to see previous pages On the other hand, health promotion "seeks to improve or protect health through behavioural, biological, socio-economic and environmental changes. It can include health education, personal services, environmental measures, community and organisational development, and economic and regulatory activities" (Catford and Nutbeam, 1984). Thus, the authors view health promotion as being inclusive of health education, with the scope of health promotion being wider.
Seymour (1984) defines health promotion as the "positive pursuit of fitness and wellbeing by means of a whole range of activities, including health education, legal and environmental controls and influence on social and economic factors" (37). Accordingly, from the practitioner's point of view, health promotion and health education overlap in many, if not all respects. Seymour further points out that the differences between the two are not of content However, the definition stated above has two utilities, in that it prevents "sterile discussions" about what is education and what is not, and helps clearly demarcate activities requiring expertise of different nature.
MacDonald (1996) has elaborated upon the philosophical differences between health education and promotion. ...
Thus, health promotion " involves a radical political stance in which discussion of, health matters requires a heightened level of awareness and critical consciousness, e.g. awareness of women's health issues" (220).
Program Proposal: Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Elementary School Children
The health promotion program proposed here is inspired by the success of the CATCH program (Luepker, Perry, McKinlay, Nader, Parcel, Stone, Webber, Elder, Feldman, and Johnson, 1996). The mission statement, goals and objectives are modified from those used in the CATCH program, and a focussed target of elementary schools within a well-defined local area is assumed.
Mission Statement
The aim of this program is to introduce a wide range of activities in elementary schools which are geared towards the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease among students in the third through fifth grade.
Program Goals
Food Service Modifications
The first goal of the proposed program is to induce changes in the lunch offerings at cafeteria of elementary schools within the target area, so as to meet USDA requirements (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2000).
The four program objectives of this goal are as follows:
1. Lunches provided at all elementary schools in the target area will meet the USDA requirement of a minimum energy level of 664 kcal
2. Of this, the fat content shall not exceed 30% of the total calorific content
3. The meal shall consist of not less than 10g of protein, 286mg of calcium, 3.5mg of iron, at lease 224 retinol equivalents of vitamin A and at lest 15mg of vitamin C.
4. At the end of a 3 year evaluation period, the measured dietary intake of fat among children of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Comparing and Contrasting between Health Promotion and Health Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Comparing and Contrasting Between Health Promotion and Health Essay)
“Comparing and Contrasting Between Health Promotion and Health Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Comparing and Contrasting between Health Promotion and Health Education

Health promotion

... the health issues faced by the homeless. Generally, there is an increased rate of infectious and chronic medical conditions such as tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, community-acquired pneumonia, cardiovascular disease, and chronic obstructive lung disease among the homeless. Prevalence rates for cancers are also higher in the homeless compared to the general population due to several risk factors such as cigarette smoking, alcoholism, and sun exposure. In fact, about 40% of homeless people reportedly have one type of chronic health problem or the other (Schanzer et al., 2007). Another 10% to 13% are reported to have psychotic disorders while between 20% and 40% are reported to have affective disorders (Schanzer et al., 2007). It has also been...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Health Promotion and Health Education

...Health Promotion and Health Education Program Evaluation Pamela L. Yeager 2007-04-21 5. Program Evaluation 5 The Problem Within the past decade the incidents of childhood obesity has risen to almost epidemic proportions. Much of this can be attributed to poor dietary content as well as the lack of physical activity among children. In fact, within many schools, there has been an abandonment of recess in favor of a stronger academic curriculum. This has effectively led to many negative health consequences. The negative health consequences of obesity in children and adolescents are indisputable. When compared to children of normal weight, those who are obese are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease or hypertension...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Health Development/ Health Promotion

... lipoprotein levels (Leung & Robson, 1990). Longitudinal data from the Bogolusa Heart Study indicates a significant risk for developing type 2 diabetes for obese adolescents (Srinivasan, Bao, Wattigney, & Berenson, 1996). Among those who were obese as adolescents, 2.4% had developed type 2 diabetes by the age of 30 compared to none in the non-obese population. The detrimental health effects of obesity are pervasive and enduring. Strauss (1999) reported that being an obese adolescent predicted early mortality even more consistently than obesity in adulthood. The complications related to obesity in youths are not limited to physical health. Obesity in adolescents also has been associated with fewer years of education, higher poverty, lower...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Health promotion-environmental health

t (2003) planning model will be used due to the need to design a societal structure for this intervention combined with some of the characteristics of empowerment.
Obesity continues to be a growing problem for the UK and childhood obesity is no exception. The most recent survey statistics (2001) indicate that 8.5% of 6 year olds and 15% of 15 year olds are obese (Chinn, 2001). Obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes and heart disease as well as early mortality. The prevalence of this kind of obesity has increased rapidly since the 1990’s.
Studies like the one done by Donnelly, Jacobsen, and Whatley (1998) show that school/pre-school interventions work best for the population that is important for this intervention whi...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Community Health: Health Promotion or Health Education Intervention

... all aspects of a community in solving a problem. These include health professions, policy makers, local and federal police, religious leaders and individuals in the community. This strategy aims at empowering the community to participate in tackling the menace (Spoth et al. 750). Community mobilization involves various phases that aim at mobilizing required resources, generating support, distribution of information and facilitating cooperation between the public and private sector. This approach significantly benefits the community in encouraging the community to embrace the problem as well as come up with solutions. Community mobilization has been successfully applied in various health promotion projects. In the USA, Project Northland...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Health Promotion and Health Education

...Health Promotion vs. Health Education People often times use the words “hazard” and “risks” interchangeably without knowing their distinctions. To cite an example, ‘hazard’ should be perceived as the source that can harm a person but a ‘risk’ is the idea that a person may most likely be adversely affected when exposed to a ‘hazard’ and not all people are aware of this. The same way happens to ‘health promotion’ and ‘health education’. Hence, this paper intends to provide briefly a better understanding about the concepts on health promotion and health education. It attempts to determine the borders that draw the line between health promotion and health education as well as identify where they overlap. By definition, health promotion...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Health Education and Promotion Models

...Health Education and Promotion Models Health Education and Promotion Models Models serve as frames to provide structure and organization for the planning process. There are many health promotion program planning models described in chapter two. The programs have a common element but different labels. There is no perfect model at all as both of them have weaknesses. The models are useful in improving health conditions. The practitioner is driven, and consumer-based. It implies that the two categories of health promotion planning models focus on addressing consumers needs (McKenzie, and Thacker, 2009). Proceed is a health promotion program planning model that is community oriented. On the contrary, the participatory design is aimed...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

..., would rise. This is because the consumer’s purchasing power increases when his real income increases. Consumer sovereignty principle illustrates the fact that in a free market economy the consumer is free to consume what he wants. However, the consumer’s sovereignty does not have meaning if he/she is unable to buy what he/she wants. This paradox is solved through government intervention in the provision of those merit goods such as health care and education. On the other hand agency theory indicates that conflicts between principals (e.g. shareholders or owners) and agents (e.g. mangers) occur as a result of the latter misrepresenting facts and misinterpreting information so that resources can be diverted to uses...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Forensic Mental Health

In contemporary society, we do have a moral obligation to treat everyone who enters the criminal justice system fairly. However, there are two aspects of this argument that seem to be developing. On the other hand, someone who does not have control of themselves because of mental illness may need to be seen differently than what has been set for "normal" criminals. The literature points in both directions and this can be a difficult call when people are actually entering the system.

In the current literature, the current criminal justice system has specific ideas of what should be done when an individual commits a crime. As an example, Carvan (1999) poses a question in a case study that is pertinent to the shit study. I...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Health Benefits of Meditation

The techniques of yoga have been demonstrated to be effective in maintaining a healthy balance between the body and the mind. As such, yoga corrects any defects in the human body (Javnbakht, Kenari and Ghasemi 102).

There are four types of yoga, namely Bhakti yoga, Karma Yoga, Gyana yoga, and Ashtanga yoga. However, all these varieties of yoga aim to provide individuals with the ability to manage and develop the health of the body and the mind. Yoga diminishes stress and its associated disorders. Several studies in this area, have suggested that yoga is an efficient system to address stress-related disorders (Javnbakht, Kenari and Ghasemi 102).

The practice of Asanas has an interrelated effect on the various...
10 Pages(2500 words)Thesis

Lack of Health Insurance for the Mentally Ill

Worse, because the family sometimes cannot afford to cover their medical expenses, these mentally ill patients end up with no medical care at all; they are forced to suffer the debilitating symptoms of their mental illness and to be subjected to worsening mental and general health conditions.
This paper shall discuss the lack of insurance among mentally ill patients. It shall first describe the mental health issue and the student’s position on such an issue. This paper shall also explain why this position is important and the relevance of the position to nursing practice, the mentally ill, and society. The rationale of this position shall be clearly explained and two factors that contribute to this issue shall be identi...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Comparing Management and Leadership

Once a manager decides on something, his subordinates are required to follow whatever he tells them or else he would have to use the power and authority vested in him to reprimand those who go against his directives. Managers are not their own bosses and as such, they are motivated by the salaries which they are paid for their services. This also makes them subordinates who follow orders from their bosses and who hold them accountable for the progress or failure of the business. Management is a process that focuses on ensuring that there is stability in the organization as well as proper utilization of resources in order to create a harmonious environment for maximizing profits while also minimizing risks, which is the overall sen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

The Relationship Between Common Law and Custom, Equity, and Books Of Authority

This follows the common law theory that cases that have a great deal of similarity should need to be dealt with similarly and decisions or court verdicts passed accordingly, although this may not be viewed as strict practice. Custom, as a historical source of law, could be said to be the legislative statutes or laws that need to be implemented from time to time, and could also be termed as statutory laws that monitor public conduct. Thus, it could be said that while regulatory laws are created and nurtured by legislations and regulations, through the executive powers enforced by executive branch agencies, this is done through the delegation of authority from the top downwards. However, in the case of common law or case law, decisi...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Approach to Education: Comparison of Philosophies of A S Neill & Paul Hirst

He believed that to impose anything by authority is wrong. The child should not do anything until he comes to an opinion – his own opinion- that it should be done. He states clearly his commitment to freedom of a child: ‘we set out to make a school in which we should allow children to be themselves. In order to do this, we had to renounce all discipline, all directions, all suggestions, all moral training, and all religious instruction. The child should never be forced to learn, Attendance at lessons should be voluntary whatever the age of the child. Only learning that is voluntarily undertaken has any value, and children will know themselves when they are ready to learn. (Summerhill , p.37)

Children will on...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

Juvenile Delinquency and Education: A Comparison of Public and Private Education

... can both the public and private education sectors arrive at mutual and complimentary measures to reduce juvenile delinquency. Review of the Literature The various case studies and researches which have been conducted over the years have attempted to pinpoint its causes. With high ranging statistics of the causal links between adult crime and juvenile delinquency, there is no wonder that there is much effort to gauge the reasons for it. The causes for such behaviour, similar to those of crime irrelevant of age, are found to be due to a number of encompassing social, psychological, and economic factors. Clinically speaking, the underlying roots are related to emotional maladjustments with strong links to dysfunctional family situations...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Comparing the Brave New World and Todays World

Many people had been doing this search several times and came up with nothing. Out of this seeming hopelessness and uselessness came the philosophical idea of the absurd – that Man's search for individual meaning is bound to end in absolute failure. Man has studied the cosmos and tracked the movement of celestial bodies in an attempt to find any meaning that can somehow alleviate his worries about what happens next when the real world (as he perceives it) is left behind and he enters perhaps another world where no one returned. In other words, Man tried to achieve immortality but apparently failed in his search.

It has as a central idea that whatever else Man does will ultimately end up as nothing. This is the cen...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

...Opinion paper The Declaration of Helsinki by the WHO clearly s that in clinical trials involving humans the wellbeing of the should be of prime importance than the interest of science or society. This has been stated because at times in order to achieve the objectives of a study the investigators might overlook the welfare of the trial subjects thus jeopardizing their health in the process. According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study. There have been several trials which have...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Health and Health Promotion

..., there are other aspects to promoting good health such as encouraging people to avail of health services whenever practicable, the public policies regarding a healthy environment (at home or at work) and those activities that educate people (the original definition used previously) about their physical health and how to stay healthy throughout their lives. Health promotion policies had been conceptualized which closely paralleled the contrasting definitions of health mentioned earlier – whether it is a state of well-being or wellness (positive view) or absence of a disease or ailment (negative view). The concept of health promotion can be best viewed as an umbrella term that pertains to a wide range of disciplines focused on improving...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Comparing and Contrasting between Health Promotion and Health Education for FREE!

Contact Us