Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Assess the impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on consumers and employees in developing countries. Answers should draw on examples and theories of international trade taught on this module - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Export processing zone (EPZ) can be defined as "type of free trade zone (FTZ), generally in developing countries by their governments to promote industrial and commercial exports" (, 2009). In order to support its growth, EPZ's enjoy privilege benefits from the government with regard to fiscal incentives, tax rebates, and other exclusive benefits (
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.1% of users find it useful
Assess the impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on consumers and employees in developing countries. Answers should draw on examples and theories of international trade taught on this module
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Assess the impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on consumers and employees in developing countries. Answers should draw on examples and theories of international trade taught on this module"

Download file to see previous pages Export Processing Zones holds pregnant promises to developing countries, with the hope of enlivened economy through foreign direct investors. It is just fitting therefore to study how they have affected developing societies through the eyes of the consumers and the laborers.
EPZs are also designed to generate jobs for locals. With the presence of foreign investors and with the usually cheap labor in developing countries, Export Processing Zones promise job opportunities and improvement.
Aside from the locals directly employed in the EPZs, it also adds to employment through backward and forward linkages. Backward linkage is formed through raw materials and financing suppliers which are mainly locals while forward linkage is observed through the spending of employees of EPZs (Ahmadu).
The ability to export products even by developing countries, and benefit that they gets from the trade is clearly described by David Ricardo in his theory of comparative advantage. According to Ricardo, even if a country has the absolute advantage in all products, meaning he is the most efficient among all countries in production, it will still be worthwhile to trade with another country, so that both would be benefitted (Mankiw, 1998). David Ricardo constructed a two-country, two-good example with one country having the absolute advantage in the production of both and using the concept of opportunity cost, he was able to conclude that even in this situation trade would make both better off as this allows each country to specialize in the product that he does best.
The Labor condition, however, is also a question. EPZ workers are observed to receive lower wages than their non-EPZ workers counterparts. In Sri Lanka, for example, earnings of workers in the electronics sector are slightly lower than the national wages in the same jobs while in South Korea and the Philippines, payment for overtime works are tied to normal working hours (Ahmadu). Payment incentive schemes that include "demerit points" that affect wages and job security increased work hours and inensity (Ahmadu). This disadvatanges happens due to the absence of regulatory authorities in Export Processing Zones.
Due to this adverse work condition, unionisation is prevalent among EPZs, although union activities are limited in some countries. In the Philippines, for example, strike are unathorized, based on the recognition that EPZs are very crucial to the country's economic success.
On Employment: The Philippine Case
The Philippines has four Export Processing Zones, found in the provinces of Bataan, Cebu, Benguet and Cavite. Among these are 16 government-administered regional industrial centres and 36 private-owned businesses. The EPZs has been strongly supported by the past administrations beginning from President Marcos up to the Arroyo Administration.
A study of the Center for Applied Research and Library Services in the country, however, has revealed that EPZ has been discriminatory against women in terms of employment with women required to be single and college educated while men are not and that jobs that require higher skills are usually given to men ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Assess the impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on consumers and Essay”, n.d.)
Assess the impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on consumers and Essay. Retrieved from
(Assess the Impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on Consumers and Essay)
Assess the Impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on Consumers and Essay.
“Assess the Impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on Consumers and Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Assess the impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on consumers and employees in developing countries. Answers should draw on examples and theories of international trade taught on this module

Developing a Strategy to Enhance Workplace Learning in Workplace at Travelex Foreign Exchange

As earlier stated, I have chosen to answer Option No. 1 which is about drafting and crafting a strategic plan which can be implemented in my workplace as a learning workplace on the basis of its analysis and identification made in the earlier assignments. As also required, the initial paragraph, following this, makes a brief review of what has been done in Assignments 1 and 2. Since as a Training Coordinator, my job entails the induction, training and assessment of the progress of the new hires, I have focused my answer to these three areas and divided the paper into Induction and Training, and; Assessment/Evaluation.

The first assignment was about the physical and social environments of the workplace and in that assign...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

International Security Studies: Examination

Globalization affects international security in the sense that problems involving terrorism, the environment, religious extremism, weapons of mass destruction, and the economic crises have become more universal and widespread in character (Ivanov “Article”). As a result, these issues pose a greater threat to national and international stability and safety. More lives are now affected by threats to international security; these threats did not seem too ominous before the entry of globalization. Consequently, some extremists justify the use of mass weapons of destruction in order to guarantee their security. And as globalization continues to expand and to grow bigger as a phenomenon, threats to international security are...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Immigration and Its Impact on the United Kingdom

For example, for farming communities, fertile and well-watered land has been a pull factor in migration. Business opportunities and political stability are also examples of pull factors.
Since the turn of the 20th century, Great Britain and Northern Ireland have experienced a great influx of foreigners migrating into the country due to pull or push factors. There have been different waves of migrations to the United Kingdom, which has had different impacts. Because of this, the United Kingdom has had to respond in several ways, which includes coming up with new acts on immigration, nationality, and providing asylum to refugees.1 However, the topic of migration to the United Kingdom has attracted different political views and...
23 Pages(5750 words)Assignment

Benefit of Partnership to Company, Trade Union and Government

The John Lewis model of partnership states that the ultimate purpose of business is the happiness of all its members. Hence, when partners “share the responsibilities of ownership as well as its rewards of profit, knowledge, and power”, it is mutually beneficial to all members of the organization (ILO, 1996). The partnership can be a part of the commitment to pluralism and also a part of the non-union agenda (Bacon & Storey, 2000). The national agreement Partnership 2000 defines workplace partnership as “an active relationship based on recognition of common interest to secure the competitiveness, viability, and prosperity of the enterprise” (Doherty, 2008). The interest in the partnership has arisen due...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

The Theories of Kant and Plato

... objections which said although he considered the soul as a better part of human being, there is no proof that the better part i.e. the soul will continue to last even after the worse part i.e. the body ceases to remain. He has compared the body with the weaver’s cloak and the soul with weaver (Rouse, 1956). In response to these objections, Socrates came up with the answer stating that soul is the cause of life and this is the reason why it is immortal. Socrates says, ‘if there be anything beautiful other than absolute beauty it is beautiful only insofar as it partakes of absolute beauty’. Hence like ‘absolute beauty’, soul is also a form which can never act like something that is opposite to it. He has also put forth an example stating...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

10 Answers about African American Literature

This sentence describes where Linda gets her strength and hopes in achieving her freedom. Her hopes came once again from hearing her father’s voice as she passed through the old meeting house. Bringing this picture up in this part of the story actually emphasizes the soft voices of those who have been enslaved before, that these people did not put down their plans and hopes for freedom even until their death. That is why in this scenario, the whispers of his father’s voice are very effective for her renewed hopes.

2. “The calm, deliberate composure with which he spoke of his late deeds and intentions, the expression of his fiendlike face when excited by enthusiasm, still bearing the stains of the blood...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

The Trends in the Steel Industry and How It May Impact Nucor Corporations Strategy

The whole organization at Nucor’s revolves around the laid principles and focus on reinforcing to the extent that the organization is known for its culture and quality. Simultaneous quality checks and adherence are also as important building a strong culture for the organizations.

Nucor Corporation has always tried to challenge itself for further progress and to keep abreast of the industry of steel business.

Let us look at the trends observed in the business of the steel industry. The trend in the steel industry is very dynamic and always impacted by internal and extraneous factors. For almost 50 years the United States of America reigned in the industry of steel production, almost half of the entire p...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Impact on Employment Lifecycle

Chapter 5: Conclusions: This chapter will detail the conclusions of the research and will also include the recommendations by the researcher. The limitations of this research will also be included and further research recommendations for the same will also be included.
Human resource managers have a major impact on organizations and they hold a very responsible position. The duties of the HR managers are to ensure that the organization employs the right set of employees and there is also a good mix of skills within the organization. It is also to ensure that all the activities and processes relating to the employees are handled and completed in sync with the culture, values, and mission of the company.
The main reason to...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Project Management of Beijing Capital International Airport T3 Terminal

Some stakeholders can be both driving (positive) and restraining (negative) forces, it depends on how the project will meet their interests. These forces are marked by a dotted line. If changes happen, and the project won’t meet the interests of some of these stakeholders, a vector of the corresponding force will be changed onto the opposite and the force will move onto the opposite part of the diagram.

Each half of the diagram (left and right) is divided into three parts – Low, Medium and High. It defines the size of a force vector and indicates the importance (power) of a given force. Short forces have a low level of power.

Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) – undoubtedly advanc...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

How Do Customers Assess Service Quality of Retailing Websites

Given the emergent nature of online commerce, it is a tough task for retailers to develop a website that meets all expectations from consumers. This view is supported by a survey conducted by the UK’s largest e-consultancy Cap Gemini. The survey identified several key disadvantages for online shoppers. Some of these include “’ Availability’, ‘Can’t be in to receive delivery’, ‘Premium charged for delivery’, ‘Can’t see or feel the merchandise’, etc.” (Quader & Quader, 2008) These are not trivial complaints by any means and despite the e-retailing industry setting foot into its third decade in existence, there are no satisfactory solutions found for th...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Assess the impact of Export Processing Zones (EPZs) on consumers and employees in developing countries. Answers should draw on examples and theories of international trade taught on this module for FREE!

Contact Us