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Business: problem solving - Essay Example

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Summary
Performance of organization mostly depends on policies of organization. There are two different types of policing: problem oriented and community oriented. This paper gives details about both type and concludes by giving action plan for reducing crimes.
An organization can be defined as social unit (human groupings) that have been deliberately constructed and reconstructed to seek specific goals…
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Download file to see previous pages On the basis on these, organizations can be divided in two types: Bureaucratic and Agile.
Control governance or bureaucratic governance is the organization where control is centralized at the top of an organization, and then power is distributed in a top-down, hierarchical fashion (PauL, 2000). It consists of many layers of managers and prestigious job titles and is guided by written policies and rules. The manager is the boss, and authority trickles down from there. In this type of governance, Management is primary and leadership comes secondary.
In Bureaucratic Organization the managers decide on what types and quality of services are best for the community. Community, The people served, does not have any identity. Power is centralized at the top of the department and deemed as having clearly defined boundaries. Opportunity to achieve and be rewarded (e.g., promotion, a better job) are limited to those that daily demonstrate a commitment to the top managers (Gemmy, 2008).
Problem oriented police organizations are Manager-leader governance systems: bureaucratic in nature, and grow in top-down fashion. . It is filled with pitfalls as transparent loyalty, weak commitment, low trust, poor communications, and zero risk taking. The manager may want to empower others, but the staff usually prefers to be highly inflexible (Gemmy, 2008).
Bureaucracies' organizations have numerous formalized rules and regulations. they not only provide employment for a very significant portion of the world's population, but they also make critical decisions that shape the economic, educational, political, social, moral, and even religious lives of nearly everyone on Earth and that is why They are among the most important institutions in the world (Sprimont, 2007)
A bureaucratic organization has six safeguards
Rulification and routinization: an organization of official functions bound by rules. Administrative acts, decisions, and rules are formulated and recorded in writing. Rules save effort by eliminating the need for deriving a new solution for every situation (Sprimont, 2007).
Division of labor: Labor is decided by top management
Hierarchy of authority: The organization of offices follows the principle of hierarchy; that is, each lower office is under the control and supervision of a higher one.
Expertise: The rules that regulate the conduct of an office may be technical rules or norms. It is thus normally true that only a person who has demonstrated an adequate technical training is qualified to be a member of the administrative staff (Sprimont, 2007).
Structure: two basic structures, the line and the staff. Both structures can be arranged four ways: purpose, process, people (clientele), and place where services are rendered
Span of control: The span of control concept deals with the number of subordinates a superior can effectively supervise. No supervisor can supervise directly the work of more than five or, at the most, six subordinates whose work interlocks (Sprimont, 2007). When the number of subordinates increases arithmetically, there is a geometrical increase ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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