StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Materialism as a Worldview - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Since the ancient Greeks, the compelling search for the fundamentals of all existence has led some to espouse idealism or a belief in unchanging conceptual universals, while others have held to physical materialism. For centuries the tension between these views of the world has stimulated intense philosophical inquiry…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.2% of users find it useful
Materialism as a Worldview
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Materialism as a Worldview"

Download file to see previous pages Reducing the debate simply to materialism and idealism therefore, the materialist hypothesis is that all existence is an unbroken, material continuum from its origins in ancient Greece to the mind-brain materialism of the modern times (Vitzthum, 1995). Materialism as a worldview appears to be prevalent in society today.
Materialism began in the 18th century (McConnell, 2003). The leading scientists of that time suffered cognitive dissonance between the beliefs of the many religious sects which then existed along with their own scientific discoveries (McConnell, 2003). They relieved their discomfort by agreeing among themselves that religion was unnecessary. Unfortunately, the amorality of materialism was so attractive to lesser intellectuals, who lacked the status to question the leaders. The same was true to businessmen, who could use materialism to justify exorbitant profits that it has become a defining feature of the culture (McConnell, 2003).
Materialism and its theories can be traced as far back as the poem, The Nature of Things, written in the first century B.C. by Lucretius ("Materialism: what matters," 2007) to the more recent research done by Richard Vitzthum (1996), An Affirmative History and Definition.
The doctrine of materialism was formulated as early as the 4th century B.C. by Democritus, in whose system of atomism all phenomena are explained by atoms and their motions in space (Armstrong, 1984). Other early Greek teaching, such as that of Epicurus and Stoicism, also conceived of reality as material in its nature. The theory was later renewed in the 17th century by Pierre Gassendi and Thomas Hobbes, who believed that the sphere of consciousness essentially belongs to the corporeal world, or to the senses (Armstrong, 1984).
Later, the investigations of John Locke were adapted to materialist positions by David Hartley and Joseph Priestley. They were a part of the materialist development of the 18th century strongly manifested in France, where the most extreme thought was that of Julien de La Mettrie. The culminating expression of materialist thought in this period was the Systme de la nature (1770), for which Baron d'Holbach is considered chiefly responsible (Armstrong, 1984).
In Western civilization, materialism is the oldest philosophical tradition. It reached its full classical form in the atomism of Democritus and Epicurus in the 4th century B.C. Epicurus argued that reality consisted of invisible and indivisible particles of free-falling matter called atoms randomly colliding in the void. Through materialism, everything that happens is explained in terms of the law of nature (Armstrong, 1984).
Overview of major beliefs and representative thinkers
Materialism is a simple philosophy, having two principles: 1) There is no reality except that which can be defined in terms of the physical concepts of space and time; and 2) As individuals, we have no obligations to other persons except for those obligations that we accept for our own pleasure. This second principle follows from the first (McConnell, 2003).
When people use the word "materialism" they usually have one of two definitions in mind. Philosophically speaking, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Materialism as a Worldview Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Materialism as a Worldview Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531587-materialism-as-a-worldview
(Materialism As a Worldview Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Materialism As a Worldview Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531587-materialism-as-a-worldview.
“Materialism As a Worldview Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531587-materialism-as-a-worldview.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Materialism as a Worldview

Worldview

... is a cause, and was as a result of a cause. It is the naturalist worldview that we are caused creatures, and that all factors involved give man the power and control over all that surrounds them. By comprehending the fact that mankind is materially based, it is only fair that this point of view connects man to the physical world, hence; enabling man to be at home in the physical state of the world (Adams, 1993). After death, there is the biological aspect of nature, which is summarized as decomposition. There are no souls that continue on after death because man is purely physical in nature. It is this worldview that mankind gives back to the physical state of the universe. It is considered nature’s way of sustaining existing life...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Worldview

... Worldview Essay The purpose of this paper is to comprehensively discuss an atheistic worldwide.The paper aims to analyze the aforementioned worldwide by outlining its assumptions and answering critical questions related to atheism as a philosophy of life and how it shapes ones perceptions, beliefs, attitudes and actions. According to Walters, a worldview can be defined as a manner through which an individual comprehends and makes sense of what is around him this means that one’s worldview essentially includes aspects such as reality, emotions, cognition as well as a person’s ability to give meaning to or interpret the happenings of the world (33). An atheistic worldview puts forward the concept of “naturalism” as its foundation...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Worldview

...?Part I am a Baptist Christian by belief. I would consider it to be one of the most diverse religious beliefs; the fact that there are many Baptists churches across the world that do not follow one central authority, or that there are varying beliefs that we hold while holding on to the collective Baptist religion clearly proves the diversity and the acceptance thereof. To be a Baptist, to me, means that a person can be “different” from the others yet still be part of the same collective. This is a beautiful and inclusive message, and that is why I would describe my worldview as diverse and inclusive. The core beliefs of Baptism include that there is only one God, who manifests Himself in three persons: the Father (God in Heaven), the Son...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Excessive Materialism

...Excessive Materialism Running Head: Excessive Materialism The Negative Effects of Excessive Materialism on Individual Well Being, Collective Justice, and Ecological Balance Name Institution Excessive Materialism 2 Abstract Excessive materialism, which has redefined the American Dream into something increasingly unattainable, threatens our individual well being, collective justice and ecological balance today and in the future. Excessive Materialism 3 Although our economy thrives on excessive materialism, it has skewed our concept of attaining the American...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Christian worldview

... dominion over all the created things, both living and non-living (Genesis 1:26-28) (Version, 2011). According to the Bible, God has chosen humans to be the leaders and rulers of the world. They have the authority to rule over all the living creatures on land and in the sea. Humans have more dignity than all the created animals in the sea and on land. Despite the fact that humans are more rational and have been chosen to be rulers over all other creatures, this does not give them the authority to harm other animals or living creatures. A suitable rationale for all human beings is created by the biblical worldview. One of the common problems in the Christian worldview is suffering. The vast population of the universe assumes that suffering...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

WORLDVIEW

...Running Head: WORLDVIEW Topic: Worldview Lecturer: Presentation: QI: Worldview Worldview is a translation from the German Weltanschauung and refers to a framework of ideas and beliefs through which an individual, group or culture interprets the world and interacts with it (Sire, 2004). These propositions shape the way we think and affect all the aspects of our lives QII: Biblical Worldview The question of origin is about “Where did I come from?”(Weider & Guiterrez, 2011). In the book of Genesis, man was created by God. God is therefore supreme and rules over his creation. On the last day, he created man (Adam) and when He saw man was lonely, He created a helper for Him (Eve). The book of Timothy says God was pleased with His work...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Dualism/Materialism

Hart seeks to discuss whether or not one would exist even if the body did not (whether an individual could be disembodied). He therefore endeavors to prove dualism by arguing that it is indeed possible for one to be disembodied. According to him, a dualist holds that the mind is a substance, a fact vehemently denied by a mentalist. The mind becomes a separate substance from the body if it does not rely on the body to exist. The writer backs Descartes’ arguments on dualism stating that what is imaginable is possible, and more profoundly, observes that one is capable of imagining disembodiment. It consequently means, according to Hart, that one could be disembodied, hence dualism (Gertler, 119). Then Hart proceeds and uses the princ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Worldview

... Worldview The worldview of each person is comprised by a wide range of beliefs and perceptions of reality; in other words, it is a unique fruit of our individual perceptions absorbing a unique set of opinions about the world: the beliefs about nature, religion, meaning of life, other people and one’s place in this world are so different and merge in different combinations. The worldview is a reflection of one’s unique self. My worldview can be generally characterized by one short quote. William Thackeray wrote in his Vanity Fair: “The world is a looking glass and gives back to every man the reflection of his own face. Frown at it, and it will in turn look sourly upon you; laugh at it and with it, and it is a jolly kind companion”. I view...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Understanding Consciousness - Is Materialism Compatible with Qualia

...Understanding Consciousness: Is Materialism Compatible with Qualia? The concept of consciousness has baffled philosophers and scientists throughout the ages. The answer to the question ‘what is consciousness?’ promises an explanation of what humans are as opposed to other living creatures on the planet, the key to the mystery that places us on a higher plane of existence. In seeking the answer to this question, several theories have been proposed that either affirm the existence of such a concept or that attempt to explain where this elusive seat of the self might hide within the human form. Descartes perhaps illustrated the proof of the idea of consciousness best when he indicated “I think, therefore I am.” This often quoted statement...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Historical Materialism by Karl Marx

...Historical Materialism by Karl Marx 1) Historical materialism is the theory that Karl Marx developed in order to analyze society, economics, and history. The purpose of the theory is to look for the causes of historical developments and changes in human society. An emphasis is given to the way in which humans provide a means of living for themselves collectively. Social classes, political structures, and ideologies, that which has an economic base in society, is examined through historical materialism. The basis for this theory comes from Marx when he said, “It is not the consciousness of man that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness.” Marx meant that merely being conscious...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Contentment and Materialism in The Overcoat and The Necklace

The stories have qualities that are reminiscent of fairy tales. Both messages are similar to those ones might find in tales designed to support a moral message. The Overcoat and The Necklace each use opposing ideas to help support the same moral message about the materialistic world.

In the story of The Overcoat, we find a man who is content in his life. His contentment is based on not needing anything but the satisfaction of his work. The life we see in Akakii Akakievich does not need the approval of others and does not need the acquisition of things in order to achieve anything more within his self-awareness. He leads a simple life that does not need, in his estimation, anything more. His attempt to repair his old ove...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Compensating Dating, Materialism and Social Comparison among Hong Kong Adolescents

...Compensating Dating, Materialism and Social Comparison among Hong Kong Adolescents Abstract This is a research proposal to carry out a research on the topic of Enjo-kōsai, materialism and social comparison among Hong Kong adolescents. The introduction section examines the general mass media advertisement in Hong Kong, particularly the materialistic values prevalent in the country’s mass media. It also delves in the many emerging advertisements that market various forms of high-end merchandise. This section also examines how Hong Kong teenagers are encouraged to possess material goods unlike in the past. The prevalence of Enjo-kōsaiin; online dating and prostitution involving young girls in Hong Kong is also covered. The significance...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Science vs Religion - an Impetus for Changing the Habitual Worldview

... Abstract This paper delves into the twin issues of science and religion and the ongoing debates surrounding this topic. The dichotomy has pitted mostly scientists against religious scholars but the current trend shows there are various attempts to reconcile these two contrasting views and even religion advocates have accepted evolution as not totally incompatible with the most basic religious beliefs. This paper also examines some of the more interesting materials and literature extant on the subject such as man's search for ultimate meaning of his existence and new views on the role of women in religious history and contemporary religious practice. The newly activist perspective for women is to democratize religious and biblical studies...
25 Pages(6250 words)Coursework

Biblical Christian Worldview and Secular Humanism Worldview

...Biblical Christian Worldview and Secular Humanism Worldview Introduction “Absolute truth belongs only to one class of humans...the class of absolute fools”1Even though science and technology has developed a lot, the miseries surrounding life before birth and after death is still not unveiled. While atheists or secular human believe in natural evolution theory and the superior power of human over everything in the world, others believe that everything in this universe is controlled by God. Some religions like Hindus believe in multi God theory whereas most of the other religions believe in single God theory. The definition or perception of the God by different religions is different. Christians believe in single God theory...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Paper

Biblical Worldview

...«Using a Biblical Worldview to Guide One’s Leadership» Life these days have become more complicated. People do not seem to think simply anymore, unlike in biblical times when black and white were distinctly identified and laws did not tolerate shades of gray. It seems that at that time, people were more clear about the difference between good and evil. Being a leader these days is also more challenging, considering people may hold a multitude of beliefs that may not coincide with the leaders’. People may believe in different “worldviews”, which is a framework that allows one to understand society, the world and one’s place in it, that could help him make critical decisions for his own life. Heylighen (2000) adds that it should...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Christian Worldview in Comparsion with a Naturalist Worldview

The present research has identified that the greatest thinker James W. Sire provides with a great insight into the Christian worldview. He says that any worldview is supposed to be based on several points such as the conception of reality, nature of the external world, a notion of human being, a notion of the afterlife, transcendence of the knowledge, sense of justice, and findings of human history. Most of the Christian scholars including Sire have attempted to classify the worldviews depending on the concept of god. According to them, the god-centric reality is the basis of theism and deism. But the naturalism defies any notion of God in the place. Indeed naturalism, to a great extent, is ambiguous because it either includes...

7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Materialism as a Worldview for FREE!

Contact Us