Nobody downloaded yet

Sociology research term paper - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The term social stratification is a sociological term used to describe the various differentiations or groupings of people within society. Stratification describes the different "layers" that exist in society. Heady and Muffels note that social stratification is described as the "layer Cake" view of society…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
Sociology research term paper
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Sociology research term paper"

Download file to see previous pages Some academics believe that stratification is the difference between equality and inequality, elitism and non elitism. Stratification introduces the idea of "hierarchy" into society. Social hierarchy can be based on the possession of different qualities in different communities, and some societies are more equal than others, but none can ever be completely unstratified as there will always be inequalities in certain areas, due to individual differences. However, in contradiction to this anthropologists have confirmed that social stratification is not as universal as once thought. Non-stratified egalitarian societies exist which have little or no concept of social hierarchy, political or economic status, class, or even permanent leadership. Also known as acephalous (or "headless") societies, the best examples of egalitarian cultures all have hunter-gatherer economies, although not all hunter-gatherers can be considered egalitarian.
In modern western society such as in the US, UK and Europe we live within a stratification system. David Grunsky describes a stratification system as; " the constellation of social institutions that generate observed inequalities." (523) The "observed inequalities" referred to generally points towards the unequally distributed resources in our society; privileged families receiving a disproportionate level of power, prestige and other valued resources. A common place saying that "money goes to money" perhaps therefore actually derives from an accepted creditable sociological theory / observation.
Grunsky highlights that the three key components of a stratification system are:
1. Institutional processes that define certain types of goals as valuable and desirable.
2. The rules of allocation that distribute those goals across various occupations.
3. The mechanisms of mobility that link individuals to positions and generate inequalities.
Inequality is thus produced by 'matching' systems; of occupation and social role to reward packages of unequal value and then the allocation of positions to individual society members to the defined positions and rewarded accordingly (Grunsky, 523)
The stratification system is very complex and multidimensional. Many types of reward can be attached to certain social roles and different sociologist theorist would advocate differing factors / rewards as being pivotal in creating social stratification. Factors which can be used to create a social hierarchy / stratified group include economic, political, cultural, social honorific, civil and human factors. There are different types of stratification systems, each dependant on a differing factor. Examples include:
Tribalism within a hunting and gathering society, created by human factors such as hunting and magic skills.
Slavery within a horticultural and agrarian society, created by economic factors (human property).
A Caste society created by honorific and cultural factors (Hinduism)

And, most relevant in Western industrial society:
A Class system created by economic factors and supported by Classical and Liberalism ideology.
Socialism created by political factors and supported by Marxism and Leninism ideology. (Meyer, 523)

In modern industrialised society there is a class system in operation, as a stratification system it is generally acknowledged as a system of inequality. The class system of stratification is the source of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Sociology research term paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531491-sociology-research-term-paper
(Sociology Research Term Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531491-sociology-research-term-paper.
“Sociology Research Term Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531491-sociology-research-term-paper.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Sociology research term paper

Educated Paupers (Sociology Research Paper)

...theories will be the basis in analyzing the challenges and opportunities that the modern Mongolian educational system is facing. The application of these theories will be further understood as the paper progresses. To better understand the issue at hand, a short historical background of the educational system of Mongolia before and after 1990 is critical. Up to 1990, the educational sector of Mongolia is characterized by a Soviet Model. This system is represented by the following descriptions: inflexible, uniform, financially supported by the state, administrative system is centralized, based according to the needs of the society, teacher-centered instruction and heavily influenced by the soviet ideology (R.Bat-Erdene,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Popular Culture Sociology Research Paper

...(school) Sociology Introduction Popular culture is one of the most fascinating aspects of our societal interactions with each other. In the contemporary context, it is also pervasive and it encompasses most of our interactions and activities. In the television and film media, popular culture is often portrayed and depicted. Through such depictions, we are engaged and connected with each other. This paper shall discuss a feature film, particularly Slumdog Millionaire and assess it as a cultural product. It shall discuss its various aspects which shed light on popular culture in contemporary society. This study will establish an explanation and argument about the film. It would also consider a particular...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Gay Families Sociology Research Paper

...Gay Families In MLA Style 2 Sociology History of Homosexuality in the Western World In the third part of the 19th century, public administrators in the European region started noticing that the public was not seemingly focusing on household, reproduction and families but on different forms of sexual pleasures. This phenomenon was recognized to be one of the outcomes of capitalism, which was inclined to driving people away from their lands, families and parishes that eventually reduced the cases of arranged marriages. Officials began studying these groups of people whom they branded as sexual deviants and categorized according to the particular behavior they engaged in. (Mondimore 76) One of these categories came to be...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Queer Theory: Sociology Research Paper

...in infancy and early childhood. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press. Dunlap, David (1996, November 22). “In Memoriam: Evelyn Hooker, 89, Researcher on Homosexuality.” The New York Times. Retrieved November 22, 2011 from http://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/hooker2.html#biography Ferris, Kerry, and Jill Stein. "Chapter 10, Constructing Gender and Sexuality." The Real World: an Introduction to Sociology. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2010. 290-95. Print. Fineman, M., Jackson, J. E. & Romero, A. P. (2009). Feminist and queer legal theory: intimate encounters, uncomfortable conversations. Burlington, VA, USA: Ashgate Publishing Limited. Flood, M. (2007). International encyclopedia of men and masculinities....
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Sociology of Violence Research Paper

...? Sociology of Violence Introduction The complexity of domestic violence against women occurs because of policies and implantation of different values. Beyond, these are representations of violence among women based on the differences of minorities and the sociological relationship which one has to the policies within the community. Domestic violence among Islamic women in America is one of the complexities that relate to sociological trends. The representation of domestic violence for Islamic women in America is often ignored and overlooked, specifically because it has become a marginalized group of individuals. Gaps in knowledge, cultural values and expectations from systems in America...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Research Methods Law Term Paper

...? Research Methods Term Paper Introduction Quantitative Method is a research technique which usually depends less on interviews, surveillances, smallnumber of questions, focus groups, subjective reports and case studies but rather it is effectively known to concentrate on the compilation and analysis of numerical data with the assistance of certain statistical tools. Quantitative research is the numerical depiction and manipulation of surveillances for the purpose of explaining as well as describing the phenomena which is reflected in a particular observation (Sukamolson, 2012). This discussion would focus on comprehensive information about quantitative...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

SOCIOLOGY 238: SOCIOLOGY OF MEN - TERM PAPER : FALL 2013 :

...? Sociology of Men in Gone with the Wind and Full Metal Jacket Curse Terms used: 14 A movie is a visual medium that engrosses different gazes that portray certain standpoints. Victor Fleming’s Gone with the Wind is an ageless classic that expresses how life was during the American Civil War. This film offers insights on slavery and different gender roles of men and women. The primary four characters in this film are classified both by the society’s “woman” and “gentleman” appellations in addition to their position along traditional gender lines. The two primary female characters in this film, Melanie and Scarlett, are represented distinctively. Melanie is represented as a lady and traditionally feminine while Scarlett is portrayed...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Term Research Paper

...The Necklace Summary The basic summary of “The Necklace,” by Guy de Maupassant involves a beautiful young woman, Madame Mathilde Loisel. Madame Loisel longed for a life full of riches, expensive clothes and jewelry, and a social life to match. One day, Madame’s husband comes home and gives to her an invitation for a high-class party. Madame complains that she has nothing decent enough to wear, but her husband gives in and helps to pay for a gown. After also complaining about having no jewelry, Madame goes to her friend, Jeanne Forestier, and borrows what she believes to be a very expensive necklace. However, during the party, where Madame Loisel has an amazing time, she loses the necklace. In a haste to replace the necklace... Necklace...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Sociology research Paper and Questions

...treat minorities normally like they would treat members of other groups, specifically because they may be accused of racism. This has a negative effect and creates the avoidance factor where health care professionals try to have as little to do with such patients and this affects their heath care negatively. But the important aspect to note is that this is not necessarily an expression of racism, but rather a fear of being accused of racism. These are the ideas from the literature that has propelled this research effort. The attitudes in society on the issue of race have been changing over the years. The position of African American and other minority groups in the United States is considerably different from what it...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Sociology mini research paper

...Joann Carroll Loan Defaults on the Rise among Baby Boomers Research Paper Regis College Michelle M. Cromwell PhD Loan Defaults on the Rise among Baby Boomers Baby boomers represent those who were born proceeding WWII between 1946 and 1964, and most of them are aged above 65 years. Mitigating economic, political, legal, and social circumstances affected the ability of the baby boomers to repay their loans as will be demonstrated by the research paper. The aim of the research paper is to investigate the hypothesis that student loan default is on the rise among the baby boomers. The research will make use of secondary data,...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Sociology research term paper for FREE!

Contact Us